MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
In Blagoveshchensk, Deputy Prime Minister – Plenipotentiary of the President in the Far Eastern Federal District Yuri Trutnev held a meeting on the elimination of the consequences of summer floods and fires in the regions of the Far East – Transbaikalia, Khabarovsk Territory, Amur Region, Jewish Autonomous Region, Republic of Sakha (Yakutia).
The issues of organizing work on the assessment of damage, payments to the population, restoration of damaged housing, road network, bridge structures were discussed; organization of assessment of damage to the economy of the region, including the enterprises of the agro-industrial complex; implementation of state support mechanisms for agricultural enterprises and other sectors of the economy.
Opening the meeting, Yuri Trutnev recalled the consequences of the large-scale flood in 2013. Then 235 settlements and more than 13 thousand residential buildings were flooded. The number of injured citizens has reached 220 thousand people, the reimbursed material damage amounted to 40 billion rubles.
On behalf of the President of Russia, in the regions of the Far Eastern Federal District most prone to floods, a number of measures have been taken to prevent natural disasters and reduce their impact. In the channel of the Amur and its tributaries, dredging and bank protection works have been carried out. On the territory of the Jewish Autonomous Region, Khabarovsk, Trans-Baikal and Primorsky Territories, protective hydraulic structures with a total length of 27 km have been built. The work was carried out within the framework of the federal target program “Development of the water management complex in 2012–2020”. More than 31 km of hydraulic structures are under construction.
“We looked at some of these objects during our work in the Khabarovsk Territory, the Jewish Autonomous Region and the Amur Region. The waterworks really helped to defend ourselves. This year, the water level in many regions exceeded the indicators of 2013. And the amount of damage is lower. But the creation of a number of hydraulic structures has not been completed, and they are not fully working to protect the territory. The timely forecast of the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment of the Russian Federation played an important role in preventing the consequences of flooding. During the elimination of the consequences of emergencies, assistance in evacuation, rescue of people, the Ministry of Emergency Situations, the Ministry of Defense, volunteers worked harmoniously, ”said Yuri Trutnev.
“The calculation of the passage of the flood wave was carried out in advance, the group was built up, 15 temporary placement points were deployed, drones were used, more than 520 orthophotomaps were built, work was organized with basin water departments to regulate HPP discharges. Thanks to a set of preventive measures, it was possible to jointly save lives and minimize economic damage. No flooding is forecasted at this time. The tasks assigned to the RSChS grouping have been completed, ”said Viktor Yatsutsenko, deputy head of the Ministry of Emergency Situations.
During the flood period, about 1.7 thousand residential buildings were flooded, in which more than 5 thousand people live, more than 3.5 thousand homestead and summer cottages, more than 700 km of roads, 52 bridges and 52 social infrastructure facilities. More than 3 thousand people were evacuated from places of permanent residence, including 872 children. According to preliminary estimates, the damage to agricultural producers amounted to 656 million rubles.
“We communicated with people in all regions where we managed to visit during this time. They have different questions. Some are quite complex, requiring discussion. In particular, people do not want to leave their personal plots, ”said Yuri Trutnev.
The organization of the work of the commissions for determining property damage, recognizing citizens as victims, and housing as unfit for living was discussed. Particular attention was paid to the speed of passage of documents, decision-making and the actual implementation of payments to people who lost their homes, as well as the appointment of those responsible for work in each of these areas in the Far Eastern regions and in federal structures.
“Together with Roshydromet, we continue to monitor the hydrological situation in the region. The oceanic zone is being monitored to simulate the impact of typhoons in advance, and we are analyzing space monitoring data. To process data from space, centers have been set up in Murmansk and Dudinka. In 2023, it is planned to open a center in Anadyr. Also, work is underway to equip the Emergencies Ministry forces in the Arctic with aviation equipment, ”added Viktor Yatsutsenko.
As reported by the Governor of the Amur Region Vasily Orlov, 53 dams with a total length of more than 28 km have been erected in the region. This made it possible to prevent flooding of 16 settlements in which more than 67 thousand people live, including Blagoveshchensk. A significant contribution to the work was made by the rescue teams of the Russian Emergencies Ministry and volunteers (more than 2.7 thousand volunteers and 460 rescuers took part). In total, 32 settlements of 11 municipalities fell into the flood zone, the number of the affected population is 7085 people. 975 residential buildings were flooded, in which 2515 people live (including 574 children), 2016 household plots, 6 socially significant objects.
2,740 people were evacuated, including 776 children. There are 10 temporary accommodation points (TAP) with a capacity of 1250 people, which accommodated 504 people, including 228 children. Today, 41 people remain in the TAP, including 17 children. The death and injury of citizens was not allowed.
31 houses and 143 farmsteads remain flooded. After the water left the settlements, emergency recovery work was promptly organized.
During the flood, six socially significant facilities were damaged (five healthcare facilities, one kindergarten). A survey of the affected objects is being carried out. Crops of 66 agricultural producers were flooded. The total area of crop loss was 41 thousand hectares. The road infrastructure has suffered significant damage. 462 km of roads, 10 bridges, 44 culverts were damaged.
Now there are 17 commissions on the territory of the region to assess the damage caused, compensation is paid to the affected population (federal and regional). A total of 928 damaged residential buildings were examined (in total, 975 were flooded). According to preliminary estimates, the amount of damage as of July 13, 2021 amounted to more than 4 billion rubles: 1.8 billion rubles – major repairs and relocation of citizens, 1.2 billion rubles – restoration of road infrastructure, 0.7 billion rubles – compensation for damage to agricultural producers, 0.3 billion rubles – one-time payments to citizens for lost property.
The head of the region, Alexander Osipov, informed about the situation in the Trans-Baikal Territory. In 34 settlements of 13 municipal districts, 720 residential buildings fell into the flooding zone, in which, according to updated data, more than 2.9 thousand people lived, including 557 children, 1248 household plots, 47 socially significant objects. 45 bridges and crossings, 21 culverts were destroyed. 375 km of roads were flooded. 989 personal subsidiary plots and 3 agricultural enterprises were affected. According to preliminary information, 4249 people were recognized as injured. Five temporary accommodation points with a capacity of 800 people were deployed, 617 people were evacuated to them, including 96 children.
Now in Transbaikalia there are no flooded settlements, household plots, bridges, social infrastructure facilities. At the same time, 1.73 km of roads remain flooded. Transport links with two settlements are limited (419 people live, including 98 children). There is a stock of food and fuel for 7 days.
There are 9 damage assessment commissions in the region, 720 residential buildings have been examined. Recognized as requiring major repairs – 71, unfit for living – 5. According to preliminary estimates, the amount of damage caused by the flood amounted to 1.42 billion rubles, of which 53.7 million – damage to agricultural producers.
The Governor of the Jewish Autonomous Region Rostislav Goldstein announced a set of preventive measures to protect settlements and territories. To carry out work on pumping out groundwater, building up the slopes of hydraulic structures, filling dams, embankments and earth embankments, the forces of the RSChS, the Ministry of Defense, airmobile groups of the Main Directorate of the EMERCOM of Russia in the Jewish Autonomous Region and the Amur Rescue Center of the EMERCOM of Russia were involved – a total of 513 people and 42 units of equipment … Currently, 94 household plots, 2 sections of local roads, plots of agricultural land in the Obluchensky, Oktyabrsky, Smidovichsky, Birobidzhansky and Leninsky municipal districts were flooded. 8 land plots (vegetable gardens), lands of 73 peasant farms (PFH) on an area of more than 3.5 thousand hectares and 2 road sections were flooded. Lands of 73 KFHs remain flooded. The preliminary damage caused to 1 peasant farm was established in the amount of 693 thousand rubles.
In the Khabarovsk region, due to the July flood, 550 suburban (land) plots and 2 sections of intra-village roads were flooded. On the Lower Amur, slight fluctuations in the water level are noted, and flooding of the floodplain persists. On the Amur, from Khabarovsk to Komsomolsk-on-Amur, a slow rise of 1–5 cm per day is observed. One of the preventive measures to minimize the consequences of the flood was the deployment of temporary accommodation points. Four such points have been deployed for 115 places, in readiness for deployment – 6 TAPs for 460 people.
Some power grid facilities fell into the flooding zone, but preventive equipment shutdowns were carried out to ensure safety. Reliable power supply to consumers and stable operation of power facilities during floods in the Far East are under the special control of the Ministry of Energy. Power engineers are constantly monitoring the condition of the equipment, sufficient reserves have been formed to carry out repair work if necessary. To minimize the consequences of the flood, the Zeyskaya HPP, Bureyskaya HPP and Nizhne-Bureyskaya HPP are involved, the reservoirs of which contain some of the water and reduce the risks of negative impact for the territories located downstream of the river.
According to the Deputy Minister of Construction and Housing and Utilities Dmitry Volkov, the Ministry of Construction has organized work with the subject on the issue of allocating payments for overhaul or purchase of housing, which was damaged due to floods and fires. “Thanks to the developed mechanism of the infrastructure menu, the regions will also be able to receive infrastructure budget loans, infrastructure bonds for the implementation of projects in this area,” he said.
The issue of organizing work on the localization and extinguishing of forest fires was considered. In many subjects of the Far Eastern Federal District, the situation is characterized as dangerous, and in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) – extraordinary. It accounts for almost 70% of fires in the district. At the same time, 4 fires are currently operating in the immediate vicinity – a 5-kilometer zone – from settlements.
According to the head of the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) Aisen Nikolaev, in the region, the governing bodies and forces of the Yakutsk territorial subsystem of the RSChS are in full readiness and operate in an emergency mode. This regime in forests of a regional nature is valid for the third week. In the fight against forest fires, forest fire units, the forces of the fire service and the mobilized population are involved in accordance with the consolidated plan for extinguishing forest fires. There is no direct threat to settlements.
Since the beginning of the fire hazardous season in Yakutia, the regional forestry dispatching service has registered 1,036 forest fires. This year, measures were taken to extinguish 410 fires on an area of 700.3 thousand hectares. 327 fires were liquidated, including 23 of the largest, with an area of more than 1000 hectares. Now measures are being taken to extinguish 74 fires on a total area of 503 588.5 hectares in 18 districts, of which 16 fires have been localized.
Assistance to Yakutia in extinguishing fires is provided by the arrived forces of the airborne service of the FBU Avialesokhrana, as well as the ground and aviation forestry services from 14 regions of the Far East and Siberia, with a total number of more than 800 specialists. Due to the significant number of active fires, the fire extinguishing forces and means are constantly being maneuvered. The aircraft of the Ministry of Defense of the Eastern Military District and the Ministry of Emergency Situations of Russia were involved in the republic for airlifting and carrying out work to extinguish fires. For the continuous coordination of the work of all services and the adoption of managerial decisions, the daily work of the operational headquarters for the protection of forests from fires is organized. In the course of the adopted operational measures, the transition of wildfires on the territory of settlements was not allowed.
Following the visit, the Deputy Prime Minister instructed the Russian Emergencies Ministry to prepare proposals for improving federal legislation in terms of the work of the damage assessment commissions.
Responsible authorities and heads of regions were instructed to provide funds in the consolidated budgets to compensate for damage to the population as a result of the flood, develop and approve the procedure for payments and compensations, work out a mechanism to simplify and accelerate payments to victims at the expense of the federal budget, and develop a mechanism for compensating the owners of summer cottages and garden plots.
“We need to help people as soon as possible with payments, providing funds for housing repairs, issuing certificates in cases where housing is found unsuitable, and restoring infrastructure facilities. This work is underway, but you need to be sure that it takes place as soon as possible, ”said the Deputy Prime Minister.
The regions of the Far Eastern Federal District were instructed to work out the issue of providing land plots to flood victims for the construction of houses in unsinkable places. “We will help everyone in accordance with the current legislation, we are ready to provide land in an accelerated version,” said Yuri Trutnev.
Rospotrebnadzor, together with the Far Eastern regions, was instructed to take measures to ensure sanitary and epidemiological safety. “Floods are always associated with soil pollution, with the need for disinfection measures. All this must be done accurately and on time. The situation with the spread of coronavirus infection is also superimposed. People are accommodated in temporary accommodation facilities, including children. Rospotrebnadzor and the regions need to ensure thorough control of the conditions of accommodation and the safety of citizens, ”stressed Yuri Trutnev.
The Ministry of Natural Resources, Rosleskhoz, the Ministry of Emergency Situations, together with the Far Eastern regions, were instructed to work out a set of measures to prepare for flood and fire hazardous seasons, to prevent and minimize damage from fires.
The Ministry of Natural Resources and Regions was instructed to complete the construction of hydraulic structures to protect settlements.
The Ministry of Energy and the Ministry of Construction were instructed to assist in the formation of forces and means for the restoration of infrastructure facilities in the event of their destruction.
On the same day, in the Amur Region, Yuri Trutnev visited the villages of Ignatievo and Markovo of the Blagoveshchensky District, which were in the flooded zone. Emergency recovery work is underway in both villages with the participation of EMERCOM of Russia employees. Targeted assistance is provided, water is pumped out and dried, territory disinfection and street cleaning are organized.
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.