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Festive banner “Moscow Olympic” on Red Square. Photo by M. Chernov. May 1, 1980 Main Archive of Moscow

In the 1980s, Moscow expanded its territory, built new schools and hosted foreign guests.

On the opening day of the XXII Summer Olympic Games Moscow Glavarchiv created a new section in the virtual museum “Moscow – with care of history”, which tells about the life of the capital in the 1980s.

The section has collected a large collection of objects of the era: photographs of the city and Muscovites, the torch of the Olympic torch relay, commemorative medals, gramophone records and even interesting watches. For example, some of them are made in the form of a composition of stylized images of the Spasskaya, Nikolskaya, Beklemishevskaya towers of the Moscow Kremlin, the building of the Moscow City Council.

In addition, the Glavarkhiv has created a news feed about the life of Moscow and its citizens based on various documents and periodicals.

“Of course, the 1980s are mostly associated with the 1980 Summer Olympics in Moscow. The city thoroughly prepared for this event: the Olympic sports complex appeared, the Sheremetyevo-2 air terminal was opened, the famous bear – the symbol of the 1980 Olympics – welcomed people everywhere. In addition to sporting events, the XII World Festival of Youth and Students, the XII International Film Festival, and the IV International Ballet Competition were held in the capital that decade. And in February 1980, the premiere of the already classic film “Moscow Does Not Believe in Tears” by Vladimir Menshov took place, ”the press service of the Moscow Main Archive said.

Olympic boom

Especially for the Olympics, the names of metro stations on the diagrams received an English translation, cafes and restaurants were actively built. Moscow expected a large flow of foreign guests – delegations from 80 countries came to the Olympic Games. Among them were 5179 athletes who competed for 203 sets of medals in 21 sports. The Sheremetyevo-2 terminal alone received more than 460 thousand foreigners.

After the Olympics, Muscovites began to go in for sports en masse. An important role in this movement was played by the Central Stadium named after V.I. Lenin in Luzhniki. In 1983, 473 groups of general physical training for people from four to 80 years old worked here. Classes were held in a variety of sports – athletics, swimming, tennis, ice dancing and much more.

More than 2.2 million residents and guests of the capital then took part in recreational activities.

International Youth Festival

In July 1985, another large-scale event was held in Moscow – the XII World Festival of Youth and Students. Then the capital was visited by more than 25 thousand people from more than 150 countries of the world.

Preparations for the festival began in 1984. Then the Main Directorate of Culture, the Directorate of Cinema and the Directorate of Publishing, Printing and Book Trade were instructed to develop a program of cultural services for participants and guests of the festival until January 1, 1985.

During the festival, thematic exhibitions were held in Moscow, and meetings with famous people and veterans, as well as entertainment events, were held in parks, clubs and libraries. In a number of cinemas and bookstores, the youth of the city met with representatives of delegations from different countries who had come to the festival. Folk, chamber, contemporary music and choral singing groups performed for the guests at the Kuskovo estate-museum, the Kolomenskoye and Ostankino museums.

New metro lines and districts of the capital

In the 1980s, Moscow continued to develop its transport infrastructure. So, at this time, the construction of the Lyublinsko-Dmitrovskaya metro line began, and in 1983 trains began to run along the Serpukhovsko-Timiryazevskaya metro line. Also in 1981, research began on the creation of electric vehicles and electric buses for the capital.

In 1984, the borders of Moscow and the Moscow region changed. Then the city included the settlements of Krasnogorsky, Khimki, Balashikhinsky, Leninsky, Naro-Fominsky and Lyubertsy districts. The total area of ​​the territories included in Moscow was about 10 thousand hectares. In the same 1984, a new district of Moscow, Solntsevsky, was formed.

Large-scale changes took place in the field of education: in the course of the 1984 reform, the duration of schooling was increased to 11 years, and in 1984-1986 85 new schools and 220 preschool institutions were built in the capital.

EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.

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