MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
In the shop for the production of dietetic products at the Moscow Dairy Plant named after Gorky. Photo by V. Kunov. February 2, 1957. Main Archive of Moscow
Dishes for dietetic canteens were made from fresh and high quality products under the supervision of dietitians.
In the post-war years, many spheres of the city’s life were actively developing. This also affected catering establishments – the material well-being of Muscovites increased, many began to think about healthy food. In the early 1950s, special canteens began to open, serving medicinal food. IN GlavarchivMoscow has preserved documents about how such establishments appeared and developed.
Diet canteens have become an innovation in the catering system. In them, townspeople with diseases of the stomach, liver, kidneys and other organs could have a full and balanced diet. This had a beneficial effect on their health. And for those who did not have serious illnesses, dietary meals were an excellent prevention of their occurrence.
Dishes in dietetic canteens were made with the participation and under the supervision of dietitians, they also made up their recipes. Only fresh and high quality products were delivered to these canteens.
In the pre-war period, there were no separate medical institutions for catering, only dietary departments at the dispensaries of factories and plants. And by 1951, there were already 25 specialized canteens and 90 departments in Moscow. However, even this amount was not enough for the capital. In several districts (for example, in Krasnopresnensky and Timiryazevsky) there was not a single dietary catering establishment.
The working canteens experienced some difficulties. So, a large number of them worked in premises unsuitable for this, often there was not enough qualified personnel, nutritionists could not control all the processes, and the chefs were not named after special training. Therefore, the quality and assortment of dishes did not always correspond to the norms of a healthy diet. Milk, cottage cheese, kefir, fresh fish, chicken, fruits and other products were supplied to some dietetic canteens with interruptions. There was also a lack of refrigeration and processing equipment.
On July 20, 1951, the Moscow City Council decided to improve the work of dietary catering establishments. In the same year, eight canteens, two cafes and 24 branches at canteens of industrial enterprises were opened. First of all, they appeared in those areas where they did not yet exist.
By October 1, each canteen had its own nutritionist, 20 doctors were sent by the decision of the Ministry of Health. In addition, all employees underwent refresher courses in medicinal cooking throughout the year. Lectures and consultations on healthy eating began to be organized for workers in canteens.
At the vocational school, training of new personnel was organized specifically for dietary canteens. Catering establishments also received funds for the purchase of refrigeration and technological equipment. Products began to arrive on time and in compliance with all requirements.
This is how a network of dietetic canteens appeared in Moscow, they began to prepare more high-quality and healthy dishes.
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.