MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
July 22 marks 80 years since the day the first enemy air raid on Moscow was repelled during the Great Patriotic War.
On the eve of the holiday, tactical exercises were held in the air defense unit stationed in the Moscow region. Units of anti-aircraft missile and radio-technical troops were involved in the exercises, including combat crews of S-400 anti-aircraft missile systems, Pantsir-S anti-aircraft missile and cannon systems, radar stations and command posts.
The combat crews worked out the tasks of repelling a massive missile-air strike of a simulated enemy.
During the maneuvers, the radio technical troops found more than a hundred air targets in the zone of responsibility, which flew at different speeds, altitudes and from different directions, and also transmitted the flight coordinates of all targets to the command post of the formation.
The crews of the S-400 and Pantsir-S complexes performed conditional launches of anti-aircraft guided missiles at control targets, practiced maneuvering to new combat positions with further deployment in battle formation and destruction of newly discovered targets.
80 years ago, on the night of July 22, 1941, a Nazi air group of two hundred aircraft made the first raid on Moscow. They were greeted by the city’s powerful air defense system. Having until the end of 1941 air supremacy, the Luftwaffe was never able to destroy the most important facilities in Moscow and cause panic among the population.
At present, in the Aerospace Forces, air defense missions are performed by the 1st Special Air Defense and Anti-Ballistic Missile Army of the Air Defense and Missile Defense Forces. The main task of the unification is to protect the city of Moscow and the Central industrial region of the country, to cover the facilities of the highest echelon of state and military administration, industry and energy, groupings of the Armed Forces and transport communications from attacks from the air and space.
The air defense formations of the Aerospace Forces, which are on alert for the air defense of Moscow and the Central Industrial Region, are armed with modern anti-aircraft missile systems S-400 Triumph, S-300 Favorit, anti-aircraft missile cannon systems Pantsir-S. They are capable of withstanding any modern means of aerospace attack at all flight altitudes, including cruise missiles and unmanned aerial vehicles.
The radio-technical troops are equipped with radar systems and radar stations “Sky-M”, “Podlet-K1”, “VVO” (“All-Altitude Detector”), “Observer”, “Casta” and other modern means of radar control of the airspace. The latest radar and combat and standby radars are capable of detecting airborne objects at a distance of up to 300 km and an upper boundary height of more than 50 km.
More than 1,200 servicemen and specialists of civilian personnel intervene daily as part of the on-duty forces of the formation on combat duty in aerospace defense. During combat duty, air defense specialists conduct regular checks of the duty forces by flying control targets. In 2020, there were about 50 such trainings.
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EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and / or sentence structure not be perfect.