MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
Investors financed 86% of real estate in Moscow in 10 years.
Topical urban planning issues related to the integrated development of territories, job creation and other aspects were discussed at a meeting with representatives of the investment community, which was held by Sergei Sobyanin…
“Those gathered here bear a huge responsibility for the future of the city, just a huge responsibility. Some particular decisions can be changed, the law can be rewritten, the instructions can be altered. But the huge capital development complexes that you create cannot be canceled, and you cannot erase them with an eraser. This is all for decades, if not centuries, so what you do will remain for your children, grandchildren and future generations, ”said the Moscow Mayor.
The Moscow investment community is implementing projects that provide for the comprehensive and balanced development of the city’s territory. Over the past 10 years, 96.5 million square meters of real estate have been built and commissioned in Moscow, including at the expense of investors – 82.8 million square meters of real estate (86 percent), including 34.3 million square meters of housing (apartment area ); education and healthcare facilities (1.9 million square meters); administrative and business facilities (9.5 million square meters; physical education and sports facilities (1.2 million square meters); trade and services (5.3 million square meters); production facilities (1.5 million square meters); garage facilities destination (4.3 million square meters); culture (0.9 million square meters) and other infrastructure (5.1 million square meters).
According to Sergei Sobyanin, in these 10 years another big city with a million population has been built in Moscow, comparable to Yekaterinburg or Kazan.
“In fact, it is even more difficult to build such a city inside a densely built-up city, it is simply much more difficult. Because it is necessary to take into account the existing buildings, utilities, transport corridors, opportunities, take into account the interests of the people who are around this construction site (listen to their proposals, agree on planning projects, town-planning plans), “said the Moscow Mayor.
According to him, modern construction projects are functional. Residential areas are becoming not just residential areas, but areas with cultural and sports facilities, workplaces and opportunities for walking, houses are being built from quality materials. “The houses themselves, in their structure, are no longer just houses, but, in fact, multifunctional centers with objects of small business, trade, services, the first floors of which are practically open. It is very important that our complex development is gradually moving away from the Soviet traditions of residential areas, where houses are stuck as separate objects, in which some kind of social life does not really exist, ”said Sergei Sobyanin.
Now another 50 million square meters of real estate are being built, of which 43.5 million square meters are investment projects. These are housing (20 million square meters; and education and healthcare facilities (0.7 million square meters); administrative and business facilities (2.7 million square meters); physical education and sports facilities (0.3 million square meters); trade and services (five million square meters); industrial (0.2 million square meters) and other infrastructure (1.9 million square meters).
Sergei Sobyanin also noted examples of high-quality development – a multifunctional shopping center in Shchelkovo, office centers on Leningradskoye Highway and a house built under the renovation program in Solntsevo. In addition, the Moscow Mayor thanked the investors who are participating in the renovation program.
“The volumes are very large. I know many of you were quite skeptical, fearing that this would disrupt the market and reduce the cost of housing. None of this is happening, because most of this housing is used to relocate residents from dilapidated houses. The development of any city, first of all, should not pursue the goal of adjusting something additionally, but to improve what has already been done there, to renovate the old buildings. If you and I will only deal with new buildings, leaving depressive crumbling quarters behind us, what kind of city will it be? ” – he said.
In recent years, at the expense of extra-budgetary funds, the following have been built and reconstructed:
– Spartak stadium (Volokolamskoe highway, 69);
– Central stadium “Dynamo” named after Lev Yashin (Leningradsky prospect, 36);
– ice sports palace “CSKA Arena” (Avtozavodskaya street, building 23a);
– Arena of Legends water entertainment center, including the Anastasia Davydova Olympic Synchronized Swimming Center (23a Avtozavodskaya Street, Building 4);
– CSKA stadium (3rd Sand Street, 2a);
– Palace of gymnastics of Irina Viner-Usmanova (Luzhniki street, house 24, building 24);
– Center for Oceanography and Marine Biology “Moskvarium” at VDNKh (Prospect Mira, possession 119, building 23);
– The Dream Island amusement park (1 Andropova Avenue);
– International school “Letovo” (Sosenskoye settlement, Zimenkovskaya street, building 3);
– International School of Creative Technologies TUMO (Mantulinskaya Street, 7, Building 3);
– Khoroshevskaya gymnasium (“Khoroshkola”, Narodnogo Opolcheniya street, 9a);
– International School Brookes Moscow (Lazorevy proezd, building 7);
– secondary school № 338 named after Hero of the Soviet Union A.F. Avdeev in Kommunarka (settlement Sosenskoye, street Alexandra Monakhova, house 94a).
By the end of 2021, at the expense of investors, it is planned to complete:
– restoration of HPP-2 with the creation of a museum and educational complex and a comfortable urban environment (Bolotnaya embankment, building 15, building 1);
– reconstruction and improvement of Paveletskaya square with the construction of an underground multifunctional complex (Paveletskaya square, building 1);
– construction of a multifunctional concert hall on the territory of “Moscow-City” (Presnenskaya embankment, building 2);
– construction of a comprehensive school “Sambo-70” near the village of Stolbovo (settlement of Sosenskoye).
The construction industry was affected by the pandemic in 2020, and all facilities were temporarily frozen. Investors feared missed deadlines and reduced construction volumes. As the General Director and Chairman of the Board of PIK Group of Companies PJSC Sergey Gordeev noted, this was a difficult but necessary step.
“Of course, we were very worried that we would not collect them back. But now I need to tell you that the construction sites are fully completed and the volume of construction already this year has exceeded the volume of 2020 by five percent, ”he said.
Development of former industrial zones
Together with investors, the Moscow Government is implementing a number of programs that will ensure the development of the territories of former industrial territories, comprehensive balanced development of new districts outside the Third Ring Road and the Moscow Ring Road, as well as reduce the shortage of jobs in the quarters of the existing development and reduce pendulum migration within the city.
Projects for the integrated development of territories for the reorganization of the former industrial zones of the city are united by the Industrial Quarters program. It includes Moscow industrial zones with a total area of about two thousand hectares, which are not used for their intended purpose and are promising for development. The projected volume of investments in the implementation of the program is more than seven trillion rubles. It is expected that as a result, about 500 thousand jobs will be created in Moscow, and the city budget will additionally receive about three trillion rubles in tax revenues.
Sergei Sobyanin noted the reorganization of the former ZIL industrial zone, which began in 2013. Now people already live and work here, schools and parks are open.
“For the territory of the former ZIL industrial zone, we initially made planning projects, which, in fact, create a city within a city with its main street, with its own embankment, with its own park, with its own small streets. This city. I can imagine if we said: “Let’s build the way we built before! Let’s stick around in a square-nesting way at home and that’s it! ” I imagine what we would leave behind. Another Soviet district would appear, ”the Moscow Mayor said.
At the moment, agreements have been signed on the integrated development of industrial zones Kuntsevo (area – 15.9 hectares, investments – 100 billion rubles), Oktyabrskoye Pole (area – six hectares, investments – about 14 billion rubles) and two projects in the industrial zone Korovino (total area – more than 40 hectares, investments – 45 billion rubles), where it is planned to create over 18 thousand jobs.
Balance of housing and jobs
Sergei Sobyanin noted how important it is to create jobs. According to him, people will not want to live in a city where there is no work.
“We ourselves will kill this city in which there will be no jobs, it will be of no interest to anyone – neither for the residents, nor for yourself. Cities where there is a shortage of jobs, where there is unemployment, no one needs. Investors are no longer going there, so our common task is to balance housing construction and job creation, ”said the Mayor of Moscow.
The Moscow Government approved a program to stimulate the creation of jobs outside the Third Transport Ring in 2019. Initially, it was aimed at creating industrial and office facilities. However, in November 2020, the program was significantly expanded: now investors can receive benefits for the construction of education, science, health care and social security, sports, culture, trade, catering, shopping and entertainment centers and others.
“Currently, thanks to the measures taken, together with companies that are part of the Moscow investment community, we are creating the required number of jobs and more than 200,000 new jobs in general, which, we are sure, will organize in the next three to four years. And, of course, this is also another important, it seems to me, example of such cooperation between the city and the investment community, ”said Sergei Gordeev.
He also thanked the Mayor of Moscow and the Moscow Government for direct and quick communication with investors, for the digitalization of many processes and for the efforts made in the development of the city.
Now large developers are participating in the job creation program, who plan to invest 25 billion rubles in development projects and create about eight thousand workers, including:
– 5.2 thousand jobs will be created by companies belonging to PIK Group by building a shopping center on Zelenodolskaya Street (South-Eastern Administrative District, Kuzminki District), a business center on Zarechnaya Street (JSC, Filevsky Park) and a shopping center on the territory of the former industrial zone Butovo (South-West Administrative District, Yuzhnoye Butovo), the total area of objects will be 136 thousand square meters;
– over 1.2 thousand jobs will be created by the companies included in the Pioneer Group of Companies by building the Ostankino business park near the Butyrskaya metro station (SVAO, Butyrsky) and the Botanical Garden TPU (SVAO, Rostokino), total area of objects – 125.3 thousand square meters;
– 1.1 thousand jobs – JSC “Specialized developer” Metromash “(AFI Development), having built a multifunctional office and shopping center on Tagilskaya Street (VAO, Metrogorodok), the area of the object will be 38 thousand square meters;
– About 300 jobs will be created by JSC “Specialized developer” Badaevsky “(Capital Group), having built an industrial park in the village of Krekshino (TyNAO, settlement Marushkinskoye) with an area of 14.5 thousand square meters.
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.