MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
The Deputy Prime Minister – Plenipotentiary of the President in the Far Eastern Federal District in the format of a video conference took part in the opening of the Arctic Day in St. Petersburg.
Within the framework of the Day of the Arctic, thematic sessions on the development of sustainable navigation along the Northern Sea Route, international transit, investments in the Arctic were organized, prospects for economic activity and socio-economic development of the territory of the Arctic region will be discussed. A welcoming address to the participants and guests of the event was sent by Russian President Vladimir Putin. The address, in particular, noted: “In our country, special attention is traditionally paid to the development of the northern territories. The Russian Federation is consistently strengthening its interaction with its neighbors in the region, including in the format of the Arctic Council. Now, during the Russian presidency of the Council, we are focused on increasing the effectiveness of this important multilateral structure in every possible way, at implementing promising, mutually beneficial joint projects within its framework. “
In his speech, Yuri Trutnev noted that the Government, on behalf of the head of state, is working on the development of the Arctic territories. Active work is underway to improve the Arctic legal framework. In 2020-2021, the Fundamentals of the State Policy of the Russian Federation in the Arctic, the Strategy for the Development of the Arctic Zone of the Russian Federation and Ensuring National Security for the Period up to 2035 were approved, a single plan for their implementation was approved, the state program “Socio-economic development of the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation” and the federal law “On state support for entrepreneurial activity in the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation”.
To increase the investment attractiveness of the region, the modernization of the Arctic preferential mechanisms continues. In 2020, the entire Russian Arctic became a special economic zone. “Today, anyone who is ready to invest from one million rubles in his project can become its resident, take advantage of tax incentives and administrative support. Now, 128 residents are registered in the preferential zones of the Arctic region with a total volume of declared investments of more than 300 billion rubles, ”the Deputy Prime Minister noted.
He stressed that the President has set tasks related to the development of the Northern Sea Route, an increase in cargo traffic to 80 million tons per year by 2024. “Quite a lot needs to be done for this. It is necessary to update the icebreaker fleet, deal with the development of port infrastructure, communications, forecasting systems for ice and hydrometeorological conditions, rescue systems and ship maintenance, ”said Yuri Trutnev.
Last year, the lead icebreaker of series 22220 “Arktika”, capable of navigating in ice up to 3 m thick, took over on duty. Four more icebreakers of this series are under construction. At the Zvezda shipyard, the lead icebreaker Leader with a capacity of 120 MW has been laid down, which will be able to overcome ice up to 5 m thick. Three hydrographic vessels will be upgraded to explore the bottom of the Arctic Ocean, and five more hydrographic vessels are under construction. To ensure the safety of navigation, an additional rescue fleet is being built, rescue units of the Russian Emergencies Ministry are being formed, and aircraft are being purchased.
The development of the Murmansk transport hub is underway, the Utrenny terminal is being created in Sabetta. This year, construction began on the Bay Sever oil loading terminal for the Vostok Oil project. Work has begun on the modernization of railways. The construction of the Northern latitudinal railway and the Northern latitudinal railway – 2 is ahead.
“Rosatom, being an infrastructure operator of the Northern Sea Route since 2018, sees its main task in making the Northern Sea Route a convenient and efficient route that meets all international logistics requirements. I am convinced that comprehensive efforts of the state and business are needed here, ”said Alexey Likhachev, Director General of the State Atomic Energy Corporation Rosatom.
The issue of ensuring the safety of navigation and the organization of search and rescue operations in the Arctic sea basin was considered. Hydrographic surveys are being carried out to ensure safe and efficient shipping and economic activity in the Arctic basin. According to Deputy Minister of Transport Alexander Poshivaya, by the end of the year in the water area of the Northern Sea Route, it is planned to carry out an areal survey of the bottom topography in the amount of more than 85 thousand reduced kilometers. He also reported on the construction of 14 multifunctional rescue vessels and tugs with a reinforced ice class for the rescue fleet. The ships will be deployed to the places of the most intensive shipping along the Northern Sea Route routes.
The development of the forces and means of the Russian Emergencies Ministry in the Arctic zone was discussed. The Ministry of Emergency Situations plans to create specialized complexes of objects at the nodal points of the region (Sabetta, Dikson, Tiksi and Pevek), including units of crisis management centers of territorial bodies, Arctic search and rescue units and aviation rescue units.
The monitoring system of Roshydromet and the Sever system are being modernized, which will allow monitoring the climatic and ecological situation in the Arctic. By 2024, it is planned to switch to year-round navigation along the entire length of the Northern Sea Route. In the future, the Sever system will have to provide year-round pilotage of ships along the entire Northern Sea Transport Corridor – from Murmansk to Vladivostok. Information on the climatic assessment of the ice area in the Arctic is also provided.
A number of agreements were signed, including on the organization of uninterrupted and environmentally safe integrated icebreaker support for navigation in the water area of the Northern Sea Route, on conducting comprehensive research and monitoring of surface and underwater environmental safety in the Arctic zone.
“There is still a lot of work to be done. Most of what we are talking about now is constantly being discussed in the Government. We will continue this work together. I am sure that by joint efforts we will continue to develop this difficult-to-reach, but extremely important region for our country and for the whole world. We will continue to fulfill the instructions of the President of the Russian Federation Vladimir Vladimirovich Putin. The development of the Arctic territories is an important area of activity of the Government of the Russian Federation, ”summed up Yuri Trutnev.
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.