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Defense of Tallinn. August 25, 1941. From the album “Combat operations of the ships of the squadron of the Red Banner Baltic Fleet in the Patriotic War”. 1941 year. Main Archive of Moscow

You can learn about the military missions of the ships of the Baltic Fleet at the beginning of the Great Patriotic War from the memorable album of the Glavarchiv.

Metropolitan Glavarchivcontinues to acquaint with documents and relics of 1941-1945. For the Day of the Navy, he presents a model of the unique commemorative album “Combat operations of the ships of the squadron of the Red Banner Baltic Fleet in the Great Patriotic War.” This is a pocket-sized edition, handcrafted from cardboard sheets.

The album contains annotations printed in the printing house and black-and-white photo reproductions of drawings. They depict episodes of hostilities with the participation of ships of the squadron of the Red Banner Baltic Fleet from June to December 1941, defensive mine laying at the mouth of the Gulf of Finland, the defense of Tallinn and the islands of the Moonsund archipelago, hostilities in the Gulf of Riga and other events.

The graphic works are made with great reliability and accuracy, and the ships mentioned in the annotations can be easily identified. The episodes depicted are also confirmed by memoir and military history literature.

Album illustrations not only tell about the history of the navy, but also allow you to study the fine arts of the mid-20th century. The features of the image of the cruisers Kirov and Maxim Gorky, as well as the compositional techniques used in the painting Winter Volleys of the Baltic in 1944, suggest that the author of the album was Yakov Romas, the future academician of the USSR Academy of Arts, People’s Artist of the USSR. In 1941-1943 he served as political instructor on the cruiser Maxim Gorky and served as an artist for the squadron of the Red Banner Baltic Fleet. It is also known that Yakov Romas designed the decoration of the halls of the Historical Museum and the Krasnoselskaya station of the Sokolnicheskaya metro line.

The Glavarkhiv now has maps and sketches of battles during the Great Patriotic War

In addition, the collection of documents of the Main Political Directorate of the Workers ‘and Peasants’ Red Army contains Soviet posters and leaflets from the times of the Great Patriotic War.

Soviet agitation of that period was called the third front. The need for campaigning in wartime was obvious: they raised the morale of people, inspired to fight. It was necessary to mobilize the forces of the Red Army, to strengthen patriotism among the partisans. Posters and leaflets were used most often for campaigning.

Materials of those times reflect all stages of military events. They tell about the movements of the Baltic Fleet. Studying the documents, one can trace how they were called to fight in the army and navy throughout the war.

The funds contain orders, orders of the command, reports from the fronts, publications about the actions of the invaders in the temporarily occupied territory, as well as plans for political conversations with servicemen about the history of the Red Army and the Navy, about the military art of Soviet generals and admirals. The documents also include the repertoire of naval amateur performances, brochures from the “Young Red Navy” series and other publications.

EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.

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