MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
On July 25, 2021, on the Day of the Navy, which is celebrated in the country annually on the last Sunday of July, the 5th Main Naval Parade took place in the waters of the Neva in St. Petersburg and the Kronstadt raid. The parade was dedicated to the 325th anniversary of the creation of the Russian regular fleet, which is celebrated this year. According to the established tradition, today for the fifth time in the Main Naval Parade and in parades in the places of deployment of the Russian Navy, sailors from the Baltic, Black Sea, Northern, Pacific fleets, the Caspian Flotilla, as well as the naval base of the Russian Federation in the Syrian Arab Republic. The total number of personnel taking part in the Main Naval Parade and in parades at the bases of the fleets is more than 15 thousand people, more than two hundred ships and submarines of various classes, over eighty aircraft, about one hundred and twenty units of military equipment.
The difference between the Russian Main Naval Parade and the parades of ships held abroad lies in the fact that the ships of the Russian Navy do not stand still, lining up in a line, but pass in a parade line in front of the spectator stands.
The main naval parade in St. Petersburg and Kronstadt consisted of sea, air, ground and air components, which made it possible to comprehensively represent the modern appearance of the modern Oceanic Navy of Russia. More than 50 surface ships and submarines, 48 aircraft of naval aviation, over 4,000 servicemen took direct part in the parade.
At the beginning of the parade, the reports of the commanders of the fleets on the readiness of the forces and troops of the Navy for the Main Naval Parade were made via videoconferencing.
Traditionally, in commemoration of the merits of Russian sailors in defending the national interests of the Fatherland, the symbol of the Main Naval Parade – the stern St. George flag of the famous battleship Azov – was raised on the Admiralty tower.
The newest frigate “Admiral Kasatonov”, the corvette “Stoyky”, the small rocket ship “Grad Sviyazhsk”, the diesel-electric submarine “Kronstadt” (of the “Lada” type), a large landing ship “Olenegorsk miner”. Headed the formation of the static parade line – the 54-gun sailing ship “Poltava”. They took part in the solemn passage of the parade formation on the Neva roadstead. On the Nevsky roadstead, the celebrations were also attended by small missile ships Zeleny Dol, Odintsovo equipped with high-precision weapons, the mine defense ship Aleksandr Obukhov, which have the world’s largest composite hull. materials, mine-sweeping ship “Pavel Henov”, missile boat “Dimitrovgrad”. A tactical group of Raptor patrol boats passed at the speed set for the river channel. One of the boats of this project – the patrol boat “Yunarmeets Baltiki” passed along the channel of the Neva with the Battle Banner of the famous Red Banner, the orders of Nakhimov and Kutuzov, the Danube military flotilla.
The dynamic part of the parade in the water area of the Neva River was represented by the sequential passage along the Admiralteyskaya embankment of 20 ships of the historical retrospective of the creation of the Navy and modern surface forces, formed into tactical groups in accordance with the tasks to be solved according to their purpose.
In parade formation along the Neva, anti-sabotage boats (of the “Grachonok” type) “Nakhimovets” (with the State flag of the Russian Federation. On board), “Yunarmeets of Belomorya” (with the Marine Andreyevsky Flag on board), anti-sabotage boat “Valery Fedyanin” (with the battle banner of the 305th Guards Mortar of the Ra? Domsky, the Order of Alexander Nevsky, a regiment of coastal artillery sailors of the Navy), anti-sabotage boat “Yunarmeets of Dagestan” (with the Battle Banner of the 154th Marine Rifle Banner brigades). Air-cavern landing craft of the “Serna” type also passed along the Neva. On board one of them, the landing boat “Aleksey Barinov”, was installed the “grandfather of the Russian fleet” the boat of Peter 1. The landing boat “Ivan Pasko” sailed along the Neva with the restored small-size high-speed vessel of the Great Patriotic War, the semi-loader NKL-27, installed on board. …
The patrol boat “P-461” (with the Battle banner of the third, the Order of Alexander Nevsky, the battalion of armored boats of the first brigade of river ships of the Danube military flotilla on board), the patrol boat P-462 (with the battle banner of the fourth Tulchi ? nsky, the order of Alexander Nevsky, the armored boat division of the second brigade of river ships of the Danube military flotilla)
Also, for the first time, a group of patrol boats of the Mongoose project of the Frontier Directorate of the FSB of Russia marched along the Neva’s fairway.
In the Parade on the Kronstadt roadstead, ships of large displacement were presented in the static display line. For the first time, three nuclear submarines took part in the Main Naval Parade on the roadstead of Kronstadt. These are the newest strategic missile submarine of the Borey-A project, Knyaz Vladimir, and the Vepr and Orel nuclear-powered missile submarines.
The missile cruiser Marshal Ustinov, the large anti-submarine ship Vice-Admiral Kulakov, the large landing ship Pyotr Morgunov, the large landing ship Minsk, the newest corvette Thundering, the mine defense ship Vladimir Emelyanov “, diesel-electric submarines” Petropavlovsk-Kamchatsky “,” Volkhov “,” Krasnodar “,” Vladikavkaz “, small anti-submarine ship” Urengoy “, small missile ship” Geyser “, tactical groups of landing, patrol and anti-sabotage boats, boats Border Service of the FSB of Russia
Three warships of foreign countries took part in the 5th Main Naval Parade of 2021 – the frigate URO “Zulfikar” of the Pakistani Navy, the frigate “Sahand” of the Iranian Navy, the frigate “Tabar” of the Indian Navy. The ships passed in parade formation at the Kronstadt trade.
The parade groups of Naval Aviation at the Parade included: multifunctional aircraft Su-30cm of generation 4 ++, Su-33, Su-27, multifunctional ship-based fighters MiG-29k, front-line bombers with variable sweep wings Su-24m, interceptors MiG-31 , special-purpose aircraft Tu-154m and Tu-134a-4, strategic turboprop anti-submarine aircraft Tu-142, modernized anti-submarine aircraft Il-38n (Novella), a group of helicopters designed to search for and defeat sea and ground targets, as part of a radar patrol helicopter Ka-31 and the modernized Ka-28 shipborne anti-submarine aircraft helicopters, a tactical group of Mi-8 MTV multipurpose transport and combat helicopters, the latest Ka-52k ship-based attack helicopters, Ka-29tb naval attack transport and combat helicopters, An-72 military transport aircraft , Be-12 seaplanes
The ground component is represented by ceremonial companies of servicemen of the Navy, the naval military police of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation, the military-patriotic movement “Yunarmiya” and students of the Nakhimov school, the best students of the Kronstadt naval cadet military corps.
The festive events will end with artillery fireworks from the fortress city of Kronstadt. In commemoration of the 325th anniversary of the Russian regular fleet and in honor of the 5th Main Naval Parade at 22:00 on July 25, 2021, a salvo of artillery salute will be carried out from the Fortress City of Kronstadt. Fireworks in the fortress city of Kronstadt will begin at the signal of a cannon from the Peter and Paul Fortress, where the pupils of the Nakhimov Naval School, headed by the head of this educational institution, Merited Veteran of the Navy, Vice Admiral of the Reserve Maksimuk Alexei Romanovich, will fire a cannon shot. Vice Admiral A.R. Maksimchuk enjoys indisputable authority in the Navy. In the past, he consistently served as deputy chief of staff-chief of the command post of the Operational Squadron of the Northern Fleet, commander of a brigade of amphibious ships of the Kola Flotilla of diverse forces, chief of staff – first deputy commander, and then commander of the Operational Squadron of the Northern Fleet
Every year, on the last Sunday of July, Russia celebrates the Day of the Navy. Today, July 25, 2021, in accordance with the decision of the President of the Russian Federation, the fifth Main Naval Parade in the modern history of Russia will take place. Like wooden sailing ships, rowing boats and galleys of the Peter the Great era, modern steel boats, corvettes and frigates will pass along the historic embankments, palaces and squares. Diesel-electric and nuclear submarines will present their beauty and power. The parade units of naval aviation will fly over the sea capital of our country in the sky.
For 325 years, the Navy has served Russia, guarding the maritime borders of our Motherland, demonstrating loyalty to the oath and the St. Andrew’s flag.
The verdict of the Boyar Duma in 1696 submitted by Peter the Great to the decree “Sea ships – to be!” became a state act of founding the Russian Navy. This made it possible in an unprecedentedly short time, by 1700, to have in Russia the first 40 sailing and 113 rowing vessels capable of combat use.
The entire history of the Russian fleet is a chronicle of heroic deeds, a history of selfless fortitude and courage, high combat readiness and military skill of Russian sailors, major geographical discoveries, outstanding achievements of domestic science, technology, industry, the inspired work of scientists, designers, engineers and shipbuilders.
The beginning of these accomplishments is rightfully considered the first naval victory of the young Russian fleet over the Swedish at Cape Ga? Ngut. This victory was a moral breakthrough for the Russian fleet, its first baptism of fire, when it discovered the ability to resist the fleet of a powerful naval power. More than three hundred years have passed since then. And all these years sailors have been and remain the pride of the people, the color of the army and the nation.
A whole galaxy of talented naval commanders and military leaders was brought up in the navy, including admirals: Spiridov, Ushakov, Senyavin, Lazarev, Kornilov, Nakhimov, Kuznetsov, Gorshkov.
During the Great Patriotic War, the Navy took part in all defensive and offensive operations. The sailors destroyed more than 2,500 enemy ships and vessels, provided the transportation of 10 million people and more than 100 million tons of cargo.
From the post-war period to the present day, the fleet continues to carry out the tasks of a naval presence in the World Ocean, the development of the Arctic zone, and testing of new equipment and weapons. So, in December 2020, for the first time in the practice of training the submarine forces of the Pacific Fleet, the Project 955 nuclear-powered submarine successfully launched four Bulava ballistic missiles from the Sea of Okhotsk. All missile blocks conditionally hit the assigned training targets.
A significant event in the 2021 academic year was the conduct of a comprehensive Arctic expedition to the Franz Josef Land archipelago, during which tactical exercises of nuclear submarines, naval aviation and coastal troops were conducted. Within the framework of the exercises, for the first time, three submarines simultaneously surfaced in a limited area, and practical firing of combat torpedoes was carried out to form an artificial ice hole.
The modern Russian Navy is a balanced branch of the Armed Forces. It can operate in four environments simultaneously: under water, in the ocean, on land and in the air. It includes surface and submarine forces, naval aviation, marines and coastal troops.
New technologies of domestic shipbuilding, new physical principles on which modern models of weapons and military equipment are being developed, new approaches in tactics and strategy of the Navy, combined with high professionalism, dedication and devotion to the Motherland of our sailors, say one thing: Russia is reliably protected from sea and ocean directions.
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EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and / or sentence structure not be perfect.