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Letters from wounded soldiers to Natalia Vilkova, a doctor at a Red Cross military hospital in Warsaw. 1914-1917 years. Main Archive of Moscow

The documents were preserved in the fund of the Maltsev family, which was forced to return from Germany to their homeland due to military events.

During the First World War, Europe was divided into two warring camps. Germany, Italy and Austria-Hungary united in the Triple Alliance. They were opposed by the Entente bloc, which included the Russian Empire, France and Great Britain. The military conflict has become the reason for the numerous return migration of Russian citizens living abroad. The return of Russians to their homeland and other events of the First World War reflects a set of documents stored in Main Archive of Moscow.

A number of such materials belong to the personal collection of the musicologist, specialist in the field of musical psychology, Ekaterina Maltseva, whose documents were deposited in the Glavarchiv in 1964. Among the documents stands out a certificate of protection for the departure of the Maltsev family from Germany on August 3, 1914. This is an artistically typographic form, handwritten and signed by Ernst Schmidt-Dargitz, German Foreign Minister.

The German Reich Foreign Office issued this document to Archpriest Alexei Maltsev, founder of the Holy Prince Vladimir Brotherhood in Berlin, and Catherine’s father. The diploma gave the Maltsev family the right to leave Germany without hindrance, which they used. This need arose precisely in connection with the outbreak of a military conflict. The war also interrupted the work of the brotherhood, which provided assistance to the needy Russian citizens of the Christian confession and Orthodox Christians of any nationality.

The collection also contains letters from soldiers from 1914 to 1917, written in pencil or ink. They are addressed to Natalia Vilkova, a doctor at the military hospital of the Red Cross in Warsaw, who was Ekaterina Maltseva’s sister. In their letters, the soldiers thanked the doctor for the treatment and hospitality, took an interest in the affairs in the hospital, conveyed greetings to the sisters of mercy, and left their wishes.

For example, volunteer Haskin, in his letter to the doctor, told how wounds heal, asked to forward letters that came from home to the old address: “I often remember that kind reception that was given to me in Warsaw. If it’s not difficult then write. I look forward to the promised card with impatience. Volunteer Haskin, grateful to you. ” (The spelling and punctuation of the author are preserved.)

Letters were also written by Ilya Banisov, Ivan Prosolov, Pavel Savinov, the Ural Cossack Mikhail Kalentyev, corporal of the 12th Siberian rifle regiment Vasily Samoilov, Procopiy Kovalenko, Yakov Potapov, Alexey Mirokhin, soldier of the 253rd reserve regiment Ivan Egorov, Andrey Volopyanov, Nikifor Ivashkin, Procopius Bobrovsky.

The fund contains drawings of the junior sergeant of the third hundred of the 3rd Ural Cossack regiment Ivan Korneev dedicated to Natalya Vilkova. The themes of the drawings are different, but they are related to the war. It depicts Kaiser Wilhelm II and his wife, townspeople and soldiers.

World War I began on July 28, 1914. The formal reason for its beginning was the assassination of the heiress of the Austro-Hungarian throne Franz Ferdinand in Sarajevo.

EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.

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