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2 August 2021, 07:05

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Sealing of ampoules with dried preparations in the laboratory of the N.F. Gamalei. Photo by S. Kropivnitsky. 1954 year. Main Archive of Moscow

The scientist passed away in 1949.

Nikolai Gamaleya was one of the first to develop bacteriology in the Russian Empire. In the 1880s, a scientist in Paris studied rabies and, upon returning to his homeland, opened the country’s first and second in the world bacteriological station. Nikolai Gamaleya was also the first in Russia to start vaccinating people against rabies. In subsequent years, the scientist worked a lot on the prevention of smallpox, cholera, typhoid and other infectious diseases.

Nikolai Gamaleya died on March 29, 1949. And on April 6 of the same year, a resolution was adopted “On the perpetuation of the memory of the outstanding Russian scientist-microbiologist, Honorary Academician Nikolai Fedorovich Gamaleya and on the provision of his family.”

IN Glavarchivpreserved the decision of the executive committee of the Moscow City Council on August 2, 1949, adopted in accordance with the April resolution. The document ordered to install on the building of the Central Institute of Epidemiology and Microbiology of the Academy of Medical Sciences, which was headed by the famous scientist, a memorial plaque with the text: “The founder of Russian microbiology, honorary academician Nikolai Fedorovich Gamaleya worked here from 1931 to 1949.”

Now the building of the institute, which has become the National Research Center for Epidemiology and Microbiology, bears the name of Gamaleya. The Glavarkhiv also preserved a copy of the order of the USSR Academy of Medical Sciences dated April 14, 1949, according to which the Institute of Epidemiology and Microbiology was named after a scientist and ordered to install a bust of a microbiologist in the conference room. In addition, it was decided to establish the Gamaleya Prize for the best work in microbiology, epidemiology and immunology, and at the Central Institute of Epidemiology and Microbiology – a doctoral scholarship named after the scientist. The profile publishing house of the Academy of Medical Sciences was ordered to publish in 1950-1951 a series of scientific works by Nikolai Gamaleya.

In 1956, a bust of a microbiologist was installed at one of the buildings of the 2nd Moscow Medical Institute on Pogodinskaya Street. And in 1964, a street in the Shchukino district of Moscow was named after Nikolai Gamaleya.

EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.

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