MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
Alexander Pavlovich, how do you assess the importance of environmental safety in the modern world?
-The ecological situation in the Russian Federation continues to be characterized by a high level of anthropogenic impact on the natural environment and significant ecological consequences of economic activity.
The resulting high rate of global warming observed over the past decades, which in the future can have a significant, including negative, impact on the quality of life of our citizens and the development of the country continues to cause particular concern. Thus, as a result of climatic changes, an increase in the frequency of hazardous hydrometeorological phenomena has been observed recently, estimated at 10% annually.
The expected climate changes will inevitably affect the lives of people, the state of flora and fauna in all regions of the country, and in some of them they will become a tangible threat to the well-being of the population and sustainable development. So, these threats are extremely relevant for the Arctic, where the process of degradation of permafrost is systemic and causes a violation of the technological integrity of industrial and transport infrastructure, as well as housing and communal services.
What is the significance of Russia’s participation in the Paris Climate Agreement for the environmental safety of Russia? Can an active solution to environmental problems create obstacles to the country’s economic development?
– Given the global nature and scale of the problem, covering not only the environmental, but also the economic and social aspects of sustainable development, the world community has made it one of the main problems of humanity in the 21st century. The need for the participation of all countries of the world in its solution has led to the fact that in the medium term, the environmental agenda is becoming one of the most important in international relations.
To participate in solving this problem, the Russian Federation in 2019 became one of the full parties to the Paris Climate Agreement. At the same time, the issues of ensuring the national interests of the Russian Federation when joining and fulfilling the obligations stipulated by the Paris Climate Agreement are in the zone of special attention of the Security Council of the Russian Federation. They were repeatedly considered at its meetings, as a result of which the President of the Russian Federation V.V. Putin gave the necessary instructions to the Government of the Russian Federation and individual departments.
In particular, work was initiated to develop a Strategy for the socio-economic development of the Russian Federation with a low level of greenhouse gas emissions until 2050. It provides for a comprehensive solution to the task set at the meeting to achieve a 30% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions in the Russian Federation compared to 1990. subject to the conditions for sustainable socio-economic development of the Russian Federation, increasing the competitiveness of Russian companies and their investment activity.
It should be noted that recently the international climate agenda has been increasingly used by Western countries to protect their goods on international markets. Thus, the EU plans provide for the introduction of cross-border carbon regulation in the near future as one of the mechanisms for fulfilling its obligations under the Paris Climate Agreement, which poses a threat to the national interests of the Russian Federation, since the EU is one of its largest trading partners. The introduction of similar measures is also being considered by the US authorities.
These circumstances predetermine the need to take into account climate change as one of the key long-term factors affecting the security of the Russian Federation, and put the problem of climate change among the priority areas for ensuring national security.
In particular, in the medium term, special attention will be paid to the adaptation of the population and the economy to changes in climatic conditions, the transition to the so-called “circular economy”, the creation of an industry for the utilization of carbon emissions, as well as the effective implementation of their control and monitoring.
How would you describe the current state of environmental safety in Russia? What areas are the most problematic?
-It should be noted that serious problems persist in the field of environmental protection.
The share of the population living on the territory of the Russian Federation that does not comply with environmental standards continues to remain high.
All this requires the early development of an effective economic mechanism for preventing pollution, stimulating business entities to reduce emissions and discharges of pollutants into the environment, including the use of the best available technologies, including the introduction of modern dust, gas and water treatment equipment, installations and structures.
In conditions when from 3% to 40% of generated waste is neutralized annually, the ecological situation in the areas where waste landfills are located is deteriorating. The proportion of waste landfills that do not meet sanitary requirements remains quite high and amounts to about 27%. At the same time, the number of unauthorized landfills is growing annually by more than 30%.
It is no coincidence that one of the priority areas of efforts by the country’s leadership at the present stage has been the environmental sphere as one of the components of creating a comfortable and safe environment for the life of our citizens. The implementation of measures to create a sustainable system for the management of municipal solid waste continues, ensuring a 2-fold reduction in the volume of waste sent to landfills and 100% sorting of waste. The President of Russia has set tasks to reduce by 2 times the emissions of hazardous pollutants that have the greatest negative impact on the environment and human health, as well as to eliminate the most dangerous objects of accumulated harm to the environment and the ecological improvement of water bodies.
Considering the enormous social significance of the goals set to ensure the quality of life of Russians, the implementation of the national project “Ecology” is in the zone of constant attention of the Security Council of the Russian Federation.
In particular, it is necessary to complete in all regions of the country the formation of the necessary infrastructure for the collection, neutralization, burial, disposal and processing of solid municipal waste. Finally, proceed to the practical implementation of a “closed” waste management system, construction of facilities for waste disposal, processing and recycling.
The issue of land reclamation is acute. High rates of land degradation and decline in soil fertility persist as a result of wind and water erosion, waterlogging and waterlogging, salinization, desertification, and pollution by chemicals and heavy metals.
The system of development of specially protected natural areas requires improvement. The most acute problem is the incomplete work on establishing the boundaries of specially protected natural areas and entering information about them in the Unified State Register of Real Estate.
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and / or sentence structure not be perfect.