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In Krasnoznamensk near Moscow, commemorative events were held dedicated to the 60th anniversary of the flight into space of the second cosmonaut of the planet, pilot-cosmonaut of the USSR, Hero of the Soviet Union, Colonel-General of Aviation German Stepanovich Titov.

More than 150 servicemen of the command of the 15th Army of the Aerospace Special Forces took part in the commemorative events
and the Main Testing Space Center named after G.S. Titov.

The participants of the commemorative events honored the memory of the second cosmonaut of the planet, and laid flowers at the monument to G.S. Titov, who made a significant contribution to the formation and development of Russian cosmonautics
and the country’s defense capability.

The space flight of the second cosmonaut of the planet took place from August 6 to 7, 1961. In 25 hours and 11 minutes, the Vostok-2 spacecraft, piloted by pilot-cosmonaut Major G.S. Titov, made 17 revolutions around the Earth, covering a distance of 703,143 kilometers. This flight was the first in the world to prove the possibility of performing the basic functions of the human body in the daily cycle of space flight.

During a space flight, for the first time, German Stepanovich Titov filmed space footage and the Earth’s surface with a movie camera from the height of space flight. These shots showed the great practical importance of photography from space for meteorology, economy and defense of the country.

In addition, he was the first to test manual control of a spacecraft, improve world records for space flight range (more than 17 times) and space flight duration (more than 14 times).

G.S. Titov became the youngest astronaut on the planet who visited
in space, thereby setting a Guinness record – on the day of the flight, he turned 25 years 10 months and 25 days.

After the flight, the second cosmonaut of the planet served at the Air Force Cosmonaut Training Center, at the same time studied at the N.E. Zhukovsky, graduated with honors
in 1968, and in 1972 German Titov graduated with honors from the Military Academy of the General Staff of the USSR Armed Forces named after K.E. Voroshilov.

All his subsequent activities were associated with formations and units for space purposes. Since August 8, 1972 G.S. Titov – Deputy Head of the Center for the Command and Measurement Complex (KIK) for the control of military spacecraft. research work.

From 1973 to 1991, German Stepanovich Titov was the chairman of a number of state commissions on flight tests of rocket and space systems, in particular the Almaz OPS and Zenit LV, deputy chairman for LKI of the 7K S and 7K ST spacecraft.

In July 1986, General Titov G.S. became the first deputy head of the Space Means Directorate of the USSR Ministry of Defense, since May 28, 1990 – a member of the Military Council of the UNKS of the USSR Ministry of Defense, retaining his previous position.

In October 1991, Aviation Colonel-General German Stepanovich Titov retired.

From 1992 to 1993 – President of the International Scientific and Technical Center for Cosmonautics and Electronics “Cosmoflot”, from 1993 to 1995 – Deputy Chairman of the Council of the Russian Center for the Conversion of the Aerospace Complex, and since 1999 – President of the Russian Federation of Cosmonautics

Elected deputy of the State Duma of the Russian Federation of the first, second and third convocations (1993, 1995, 1999).

He died on September 20, 2000 from a heart attack. Buried at the Novodevichy cemetery in Moscow.

His services are highly appreciated by the Fatherland. Titov was awarded two Orders of Lenin, the Order of the October Revolution (1985), the Order of the Red Banner of Labor (1976), the Order of Merit for the Fatherland, 3rd degree (1995). In 1988, German Titov became a laureate of the Lenin Prize in the field of science and technology.

G.S. Titov was awarded orders and medals of foreign states, awarded by scientific and public organizations: the K.E. Tsiolkovsky Academy of Sciences of the USSR, de Laveau medal (FAI), gold medal of the USSR Exhibition of Economic Achievements.

Honorary citizen of the cities of Russia: Kaluga, Kursk, Sevastopol, Barnaul, Magadan, Krasny Kut, Saratov region, as well as cities – Athens (Greece), Varna (Bulgaria), Jurmala (Latvia), Svatovo (Ukraine). A crater on the Moon and a seamount in the Pacific Ocean are named after German Titov.

Until 1991, German Stepanovich served as the first deputy of the Office of the Chief of Space Facilities in a building near the Kaluzhskaya metro station in Moscow, where the headquarters of the Space Forces of the Aerospace Forces is currently located. Therefore, in 2002, his memorial office was recreated at the headquarters of the Space Forces, which fully reflects the situation of the 1970s-1980s,
and on September 11, 2007, the grand opening of the memorial plaque to the Hero of the Soviet Union, pilot-cosmonaut, aviation colonel-general German Stepanovich Titov took place.

In order to perpetuate the memory of German Stepanovich Titov, by the Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of August 14, 2001, the 153rd Main Test Center (testing and control of space assets) of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation was given an honorary name – named after G.S. Titov.

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EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and / or sentence structure not be perfect.

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