MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
22 August 2021, 11:01
This is a young individual, possibly from the upper Volga.
A northern bird, a black-throated loon, which is rare for Moscow, was found near the Shchukinsky Peninsula. It breeds mainly in the arctic and subarctic zones of Eurasia.
In Russia, its nests can be found on islands in the Arctic Ocean and on the mainland of the country – from the Kola Peninsula and Karelia to the Anadyr Lowland, the Chukotka Peninsula, Kamchatka, the Okhotsk coast and the lower reaches of the Amur. Also, the bird nests in Altai, in the foothills of the Sayan and Tuva. Earlier, the black-throated loon lived in Ryazan, Moscow and Yaroslavl regions, but over the past 40–70 years, the southern border of the range has shifted to the north by 200–300 kilometers. Now, the closest to the capital, loons are found in small numbers in the upper Volga.
It is possible that the loon, which was found near the Stroginsky Bay, flew from there. According to her plumage, experts determined that this is a young individual born in 2021. Black-throated loon was named because the front half of its neck is decorated with a thick black stripe with thin vertical white lines on either side of the throat. The plumage of the body is also black with characteristic white stripes, and the head and back half of the neck are gray.
Black-throated loons feed on small fish. In the summer and breeding season, birds eat crustaceans, molluscs, aquatic insects, less often frogs and leeches. They get food very dexterously, because loons are excellent divers. On average, these birds submerge in water for up to 45 seconds and reach a depth of three to six meters. Underwater, loons use their wings for speed and maneuverability.
Recently, Mospriroda specialists discovered another rare young bird in Bitsevsky Park – wader-carrier… This species is listed in the Red Book of Moscow under the first category of rarity. The bird got its name because it loves to quickly fly from one coast to another. The sandpiper can also swim and dive to a depth of one meter, holding its breath for up to 20 seconds.
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.