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24 August 2021, 10:08

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During the “Night of Cinema” action, the museum invites you to remember at what cost the chronicles of the war were kept. Risking their lives, frontline operators went to the battlefield and filmed in the heart of the battle.

The Victory Museum on Poklonnaya Gora will tell how the cameramen managed to shoot documentary chronicles of the Great Patriotic War right during the battles, where the film was kept – one of the most valuable evidence of events in those years – and how the films inspired heroic deeds. The online program has been prepared for the annual city action “Movie Night”, which will take place on 28 August.

Online lectures, a guided tour and screenings of films shot in the 1940s await netizens. You can see all this for free at website museum. No prior registration is required.

“In Cinema Night, we propose to remember at what cost newsreels of the Second World War, the largest armed conflict in the history of mankind, were obtained. In the Soviet Union, there were about 300 cameramen on the front lines. They followed the soldiers in foot and tank attacks, sat with them in the trenches, descended with the sailors to the seabed in submarines, filmed the flights of bombers, fighters and attack aircraft. Sometimes a historical shot could cost them their lives, ”said the press service of the Victory Museum.

The online program will begin with lectures on the work of front-line cameramen. Chroniclers of the war had no less difficulty than the fighters. Courage, composure, strength and endurance are some of the few qualities that they needed to possess. After all, cameramen had to shoot during the battle, endure all the hardships on an equal basis with the soldiers, and also take care of equipment and film during campaigns, under shelling and bombing. Only thanks to skill and professional secrets did the operators manage to reload the film in the camera during the battles. And this had to be done often, and one speck could ruin all the material. The delivery of the film from the front line to the studio was also not easy.

The most famous creations of newsreelists during the Great Patriotic War will also be mentioned. Thus, the film “The Defeat of German Troops near Moscow” (1942), which tells about the course of the Battle of Moscow, won the Oscar in the category “Best Documentary”. And the film “War Day” (1942) became one of the most ambitious documentary creations. 160 cameramen on the front line and in the rear filmed everyday life, and then edited their materials into one film.

Netizens will get to know the fates of famous Soviet cameramen such as Maria Sukhova and Vladimir Sushinsky. They will also be told how the documentaries served as evidence for the indictments in the Nuremberg Trials.

In total, three online lectures are devoted to the work of war newsreels. The videos will be published on August 28 at 16:00.

And at 17:00 a virtual tour of the contribution of cinema to Victory will be posted on the site. The tour was recorded at the exposition of the People’s Exploit Museum, where there are artistic panoramas and scenery close to historical events. During a virtual walk, the guide will tell you how the actors traveled around the country as part of the front-line brigades and supported the fighting spirit of the Red Army soldiers with their performances. Part of the excursion will be devoted to film collections created in 1941-1942. This is a series of campaign short films, which were released under the motto “The enemy will be defeated, victory will be ours!” Attention will also be paid to the technical development of cinema during the war years.

Cinema Night at the Victory Museum will end with a series of online screenings. The feature film “Air Carrier” (1943) about the love of a military pilot and an opera singer will be broadcast from 17:30. The screening of the painting “She Defends the Motherland” (1943) about the struggle of a Soviet partisan against the Nazi invaders will begin at 19:00. At 20:30 it will be possible to watch the film “Rainbow” (1943) about the opposition of the inhabitants of the Ukrainian village to the Nazis, and at 22:00 the film “Once upon a time there was a girl” (1944) will begin about the life of seven-year-old Nastenka and five-year-old Katenka in besieged Leningrad.

This year’s promotion “Movie night” will take place at more than 120 cultural venues in the city. Fans of cinema are invited to screenings of novelties of world classics, films – leaders in distribution, popular TV series and short films, as well as animation films for children. It will be possible to watch domestic and foreign films in cinemas, city cultural centers, museums, libraries and parks.

The Cinema Night action will be held in Moscow for the sixth time and will become one of the most ambitious cultural events in recent years. All film screenings are organized in compliance with the applicable sanitary measures. Spectators will need to wear masks indoors and maintain a social distance at all areas of the action.

You can find out a detailed schedule and register for attending events of the action on its official website.

EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.

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