MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
Moscow cinemas will show the graduation works of novice directors, and incentive grants will be established to popularize public places in the capital.
Sergei Sobyanin on the Day of Russian Cinema, he met with Moscow filmmakers and discussed issues of support for the industry from the city authorities.
Leading Moscow film directors, producers, directors of cinematographic educational institutions Vladimir Khotinenko, Sergei Miroshnichenko, Alexander Kott, Mikhail Vrubel, as well as students of Moscow film schools were invited to the meeting at the Zvezda cinema of the Moschino network.
The Moscow Mayor noted that the words “Moscow” and “cinema” have become almost synonymous, because 90 percent of Russian films are shot in the capital. At the same time, the industry needs bold and creative solutions from young directors.
“I hope that Russian, including Moscow, cinema has a great future. I believe in this, because this is not just some kind of exclusive niche, but already a serious sector of the economy that is developing and developing, ”he said.
To support young directors, the Moscow Government will establish incentive grants. Students will be able to count on them, who in their graduation works will popularize public spaces, the historical and cultural identity of the capital, the architecture of the city.
“All the cities of the world, one way or another, are trying to make films shot on their territory. This is good advertising, attraction of tourists and the development of the creative industry – a fashionable direction, a fashionable trend. But not only fashionable, but also meaningful from the point of view of the economy, ”said Sergei Sobyanin.
Selection criteria, mechanism of interaction and size of grants for rewarding emerging filmmakers will be determined in consultation with the cinematographic community.
In addition, on the basis of one of the cinemas of the city network “Moschino”, regular screenings of theses of novice directors will be organized, thanks to which they will be able to receive live responses from the audience on their work.
How Moscow supports cinema
Today the capital is the center of the domestic film industry. About 90 percent of all Russian films are filmed in the city, 80 percent of the country’s animation studios are based, there are about nine thousand organizations and individual entrepreneurs related to cinema. In total, about 20 thousand people work in the field of cinema and animation, and the annual revenue of this industry is 187 billion rubles.
The Moscow government pays great attention to the development of cinema and the creation of the necessary conditions for the production and distribution of films. In 2018, a city interdepartmental commission was formed to promote the organization of filming in the capital, which was tasked with eliminating administrative barriers arising in organizing filming, shortening the approval time, simplifying procedures and reducing the cost of renting urban facilities.
“In principle, all of Moscow is a first-class venue. Therefore, we have created a film commission, which systematically works with those wishing to make films in the capital. Because it is very difficult to choose a place, to provide security, to negotiate with the traffic police, with the owners of premises, the management of parks, and so on, ”Sergei Sobyanin said.
In fact, the Moscow Film Commission has become the city’s one-stop shop for organizing film production. For three years, more than a thousand applications were received from filmmakers for filming in Moscow, assistance was provided in the preparation and filming of more than three thousand episodes.
The most popular locations for filming were Red Square, Triumfalnaya and Teatralnaya Squares, Tverskaya Street, Novy Arbat Street, Akademika Sakharov Avenue, Bolshoi Moskvoretsky and Bolshoi Ustinsky Bridges, the territory of the Moscow State University named after M.V. Lomonosov, VDNKh, Moscow City, Gorky Park, Zaryadye Park, Moscow metro stations.
Among the films shot with the assistance of the Moscow Film Commission and released in distribution, “Invasion” by Fyodor Bondarchuk, “Frenchman” by Andrei Smirnov, “Sober Driver” Rezo Gigineishvili, “Kalashnikov” by Konstantin Buslov, “Text” and “Kholop” by Klim Shipenko, “Bolshaya poetry “,” Portrait of a Stranger “by Sergei Osipyan,” Brownie “by Evgeny Bedarev,” Lev Yashin. The goalkeeper of my dreams “by Vasily Chiginsky,” On the Moon “by Yegor Konchalovsky,” Doctor Liza “by Oksana Karas,” Streltsov “by Ilya Uchitel,” Three “and” Tenderness “by Anna Melikyan,” Dear Comrades “by Andrey Konchalovsky,” The Last Hero: The Root of Evil “Dmitry Dyachenko,” Only Serious Relationships “by Vyacheslav Ross,” A Couple from the Future “by Alexey Nuzhny,” Chernobyl “by Danila Kozlovsky,” Great-grandmother of easy virtue. Home »Marius Weisberg.
Since 2019, the Moscow Government has been conducting an experiment to support film producers who create the image of the capital in cinema. Financial support is provided to filmmakers, whose films popularize urban public spaces, parks and estates, the historical and cultural identity of Moscow, and metropolitan architecture.
“The mechanism for supporting cinema is that we give grants to those films that tell about Moscow, its history, show historical places, the present and the future, and are as close as possible to our city. Because we are interested in people talking about Moscow. And cinema is not the last way in this case, ”the Moscow Mayor said.
When determining the amount of financial support, the share of the time shown in public spaces in Moscow from the total timing of the film is taken into account. For a filmmaker whose film was awarded the main prize of the main competition program at the international film festival, the amount of the grant is doubled.
In 2020-2021, 32 applications for financial support were received. As a result of their consideration, 12 paintings received grants, and their total amount is 57 million rubles.
In 2021, two new grants were established for a total of 100 million rubles to support small and medium-sized animation companies. The budget funds are intended to stimulate the creation of commercially successful animated films and to support non-commercial auteur animation films. Currently, the procedure for considering the received applications for the first grant is underway – there are 15 of them in total. The application campaign for grants for non-commercial animated films will begin on November 1, 2021.
In addition, a cinema park will appear in the city – a universal natural site for filming films. It is planned to build it near the village of Yurovo in the settlement of Krasnopakhorsk, next to a new complex of buildings for storage facilities and warehouses to house museum collections and theater props.
“Another area that we agreed on is the creation of a special large area for filming movies, where you could leave the scenery, deploy large battle scenes and so on. A place for it was found in the Trinity District, about 150 hectares, a large playground. Nearby storage of inventory, including for filming, can be provided. Today the storerooms of our museums are kept there, ”said Sergei Sobyanin.
Typical scenery erected in the cinema park (city houses, village huts, battlefields, etc.) can be used with minor modifications to create various films, which will significantly reduce the cost of shooting compared to using disposable structures.
The opening of the cinema park will localize the filming process in Moscow as much as possible and will create more favorable conditions for the development of the film industry. In addition, the cinema park implies great opportunities for the development of tourism and historical reconstructions, the creation of landscape and art installations.
Moschino network: modernization, film screenings, festivals
In 2017, Sergei Sobyanin approved a program for the modernization of city cinemas of the Moschino network, which includes 13 cinemas and 23 cinemas (3514 seats in total). Over the past years, its rebranding has been carried out, a major overhaul of the Tula cinema has been carried out, and current repairs have been carried out in 11 cinemas of the chain. It is planned to overhaul the Yunost, Fakel, Zvezda, Saturn and Sputnik cinemas.
In 2020–2021, three Moschino summer grounds were organized in the Muzeon, Fili and Sokolniki parks.
Film projects are regularly presented in cinemas: “Kinobrunches”, “8 Marta” cinema club, “Dialogue” cinema club, “Theater in cinema”, “ArtDoc”, “ArtPokaz”. Regular screenings have been organized within the framework of film clubs: Brazilian Documentary Film Club, Israeli Film Club, Italian Film Club, Korean Film Club, Japanese Film Club and Italian Spring.
In the first half of 2021, monthly screenings of films were held at the sites of the Moschino cinema network as part of the Moscow shorts short film festival, the Saint Anna festival, as well as the 43rd Moscow International Film Festival and the Wisla Polish Film Festival.
In addition, themed screenings of films from the golden fund of domestic films are held on an ongoing basis.
A significant place is occupied by the film fund “Cinematheque” Moschino “, which includes more than 10 thousand film copies of Soviet classics, foreign films released in the USSR, documentaries, chronicles and animation. The film fund is used for regular screenings from film in cinemas of the Moschino chain and other cultural institutions.
Also in the system of city film distribution there is a cinema club-museum “Eldar”, opened in 2005 in the reconstructed building of the cinema “Kazakhstan” on the initiative and with the direct participation of the film director, People’s Artist of the USSR Eldar Ryazanov.
During the suspension of cinemas due to restrictive measures on the territory of the capital, Moschino cinemas and Eldar cinema club-museum held 222 online events, which were attended by more than 250 thousand viewers.
Moscow cinemas and the pandemic
In 2020, the work of cinemas was temporarily suspended due to the coronavirus pandemic (in accordance with the decree of the Mayor of Moscow dated March 5, 2020 No. 12-UM “On the introduction of a high alert regime”). They again received viewers on August 1, 2020, but the maximum room occupancy was limited to 50 percent of the total number of seats.
At the end of 2020, 125 cinemas (706 cinemas) were operating in Moscow, over the past year they were visited by 11.5 million viewers.
“Movie Night – 2021”
From 28 to 29 August in the capital for the sixth time will be held the annual all-Russian action “Night of Cinema”. It will be attended not only by cinemas, but also theaters, museums, libraries, parks and other cultural institutions. In total, more than 120 sites will operate, where over 300 events are planned.
The action will be opened by the Power of Cinema concert in the restored Khudozhestvenny cinema, and a special screening of the film Circus will take place in the Moskino cinema Kosmos. It is dedicated to the 85th anniversary of the release of the famous film by director Grigory Alexandrov.
The Zvezda Cinema is located on the first floor of a residential building at 18/22 Zemlyanoy Val Street, Building 2. Originally, the building, built in 1940, was a grocery store. However, in 1954, the tenants at a general meeting voted to open a cinema in his place. It is made in the cinema cafe format. One hall for 60 seats with tables and armchairs is equipped for spectators.
Zvezda was modernized in 2017–2018. The building was renovated, the interiors were designed in the corporate style of the Moschino chain, but retained the historical concept. The film technology equipment has also been updated. The specialists installed a cinema projector with a 2K resolution, equipment for displaying films on film (35 millimeters) and films with Dolby Fidelio audio commentary. A laser projector was installed in the lobby of the cinema to demonstrate commercials.
The repertoire of the cinema includes novelties of foreign and Russian film distribution in the original language with subtitles, art-house films, festival animation films, almanacs of short films and broadcasts of performances from world theater stages. Meetings with film critics and directors, lectures and pre-premiere screenings are held regularly.
In 2021, the Zvezda Cinema hosted the International Mobile Cinema Festival, the Saint Anna Festival, the Moscow International Film Festival, the Good Man’s Cinema and Echo of Flahertiana festivals, and the Moscow Shorts short film festival. Also, the audience saw films of the participants and winners of the festival in Karlovy Vary.
Reconstruction of former cinemas
Changes in the structure of film screening that have taken place in recent decades have led to the fact that the classic cinemas (with one or two halls) of the Soviet era were not in demand among viewers. Some of them were given to accommodate other cultural institutions, such as theaters. However, most of the cinemas stood idle or began to open objects that were far from cinematography.
In 2014, the Moscow Government held an open auction for the sale of several dozen former cinemas owned by the city. The winner of the auction assumed the obligation to carry out the reconstruction of the buildings at his own expense, with the condition of preserving their cultural and leisure functions.
To transform the former cinemas into multifunctional public centers, the British architect Amanda Leavith, the author of the project for the reconstruction of the Victoria and Albert Museum in London, developed an architectural concept that Russian designers adapted to the characteristics of each of the objects.
In public centers, as before, film screenings will be held. In addition, they will open cafes and restaurants, educational clubs for children, sports and leisure studios, sites for master classes and other events, shops and consumer services. It is also planned to conduct classes within the framework of the Moscow Longevity project.
Now the investor has completed the reconstruction and put into operation eight public centers – Angara (Chongarsky Boulevard, 7), Elbrus (Kavkazsky Boulevard, 17), Budapest (Leskova Street, 14), Rassvet ( Zoya and Alexandra Kosmodemyanskikh, building 23), “Neva” (Belomorskaya street, 16a), “Mars” (Engineering street, building 1), “Vysotu” (Yunykh Lenintsev street, building 52), Sayany (Sayanskaya street, building 9). Cinema halls are open in “Angara”, in other public centers films will begin to be shown before the end of 2021, in “Sayan” – in 2022.
Work continues on the reconstruction of 22 former cinemas: “Kyrgyzstan”, “Sofia”, “Baikonur”, “Ekran”, “Yantar”, “Solntsev”, “Aurora”, “Orion”, “Baku”, “Vityaz”, “Orbita” “,” Biryusinka “,” Planets “,” Almaz “,” Prague “,” Zvezdny “,” Kerch “,” Rodina “,” Pervomaisky “,” Patriot “,” Ulan Bator “,” Dreams “. It is planned to complete the reconstruction of most of the cinemas in 2021–2022.
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.