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31 August 2021, 09:01

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The building of the State Tretyakov Gallery. Photo by S. Ivanov-Alliluyev. September 16, 1954. Main Archive of Moscow

The philanthropist not only founded, but also donated the famous gallery to the city.

One of the most famous museums in Moscow – the Tretyakov Gallery – got its name in honor of the merchants Pavel and Sergei Tretyakov who founded it. Main archives of the capital publishes documents on awarding one of them the title of “Honorary Citizen of Moscow”.

The richest merchants Pavel Tretyakov and his younger brother Sergei started collecting art objects quite early on. In the 1870s, the brothers built a special building to house a collection of paintings. Soon it was opened to the public.

On August 31, 1892, after the death of his brother, Pavel Tretyakov, together with his nephew Nikolai (the son of Sergei Tretyakov), wrote an application to the Moscow City Duma to donate an art gallery and the house where it was located to the city. On September 15, the Duma decided to accept the gift and express its deep gratitude to Pavel and Nikolai Tretyakov for their donations.

In addition, it was decided to name the museum with the art collection “City Art Gallery of Pavel and Sergei Mikhailovich Tretyakov”. The Duma’s petition about this reached the Emperor Alexander III, who allowed the new museum to be named in honor of the Tretyakovs.

In December 1896, 65 vowels of the Moscow City Duma filed an application with a request to confer the title of “Honorary Citizen of the City of Moscow” on Pavel Tretyakov. On January 23, 1897, this was followed by the highest permission.

“Pavel Mikhailovich Tretyakov, for his great service to Moscow, which he made the focus of the artistic enlightenment of Russia, donating to the ancient capital his precious collection of works of Russian art, by the verdict of the Moscow City Duma on December 17, 1896, with the Supreme’s permission, was recognized as an honorary citizen of the city of Moscow “, – indicated in the surviving diploma on conferring the title.

Today the Tretyakov Gallery is the main museum of the country’s national art. Her collection numbers over 200 thousand works of art and is regularly updated.

EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.

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