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September 6, 2021, 11:01

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Veterinary ambulance. 1977 year. Museum of the State Veterinary Service of Moscow

She appeared at the October Veterinary Clinic and was engaged in the round-the-clock transportation of sick animals that needed urgent help.

After the First World War and the revolutions that followed, veterinary medicine was severely lacking in financial and human resources. But from the mid-1920s, with the opening of new and improvement of old specialized educational institutions, the situation began to change. In many ways, this was facilitated by the creation of collective and state farms, where farm animals were raised. In documents Glavarchiv preserved information about the development of veterinary medicine at that time.

In the 1930s, the number of veterinary workers grew rapidly. If in 1925-1926 there were only about four thousand veterinarians in the USSR, then in 1932 there were already twice as many, and in 1940 their number approached 11 thousand. By 1940, the veterinary network had grown sevenfold compared to the pre-revolutionary level and consisted of over four thousand veterinary sites, 12 thousand points, about 300 city veterinary hospitals and 700 veterinary and bacteriological laboratories.

The quality of work also improved. Since the beginning of the 1930s, universities began to train veterinarians in narrow specialties. For example, they taught epizootologists who dealt with infectious diseases and clinicians who study large and small domestic animals.

In 1936, the Veterinary Regulations were adopted, which determined the main tasks of the state in this area. One of the main directions has become the fight against epizootics – infectious diseases of domestic animals. Thus, rinderpest was eliminated, and vaccination campaigns against anthrax, foot and mouth disease and other diseases were carried out with a large coverage.

The goal of the development of veterinary medicine was to reduce the death of animals, for which assistance had to be provided as soon as possible. For this purpose, in 1940, on the basis of the decision of the Moscow City Executive Committee, a veterinary ambulance was created in the capital. She appeared at the October Veterinary Clinic and was engaged in round-the-clock transportation of sick animals. Initially, the ambulance had two cars and 17 specialists (four veterinarians, four veterinarians, three veterinarians, five drivers and a head veterinarian).

The creation of an ambulance veterinary service served as the basis for the further development of the veterinary service of the capital. Over time, it became more and more mobile, which made it possible to immediately provide assistance to sick animals.

“Today, 11 special vehicles are working to provide emergency veterinary care in the capital. This is not just a vehicle for veterinarians, but a mini-veterinary clinic on wheels. They are equipped with all the necessary modern equipment for diagnosis and treatment. At home, veterinarians can administer vaccinations, laboratory tests, and simple surgery. If the pet needs a more serious examination, it will be taken to the clinic. In addition, special vehicles are used to provide veterinary care to guide dogs. Twice a year, specialists come to help pets to conduct a preventive examination, ”the press service of the capital said.

Veterinary Committee.

EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.

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