MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
In accordance with the instructions of the Commander-in-Chief of the Russian Navy, Admiral Nikolai Yevmenov, on the intensification of military-historical work in the Navy, naval sailors of the structural units of the Main Command of the Navy and cadets of the naval educational institutions of St. Petersburg got acquainted with the exhibition “Ships – Heroes of the Tallinn Breakthrough”, dedicated to the 80th anniversary of the difficult transition of the ships of the Red Banner Baltic Fleet from Tallinn to Kronstadt in 1941.
The exhibition works in the Naval Cathedral of Kronstadt, which is part of the Kronstadt Fortress branch of the Central Naval Museum named after Emperor Peter the Great.
The exhibition stands provide information on the preparation and conduct of the evacuation of ships of the Baltic Fleet, Red Army servicemen and civilians from Tallinn to Kronstadt at the end of August 1941.
The Tallinn Breakthrough was one of the largest naval operations of the Soviet Navy during the Great Patriotic War. It was carried out by the Baltic Fleet during the most difficult first period of hostilities, at the most acute moment of the Leningrad strategic defensive operation and in the specific conditions of the Gulf of Finland, when both its shores were occupied by the enemy to the full depth of the operation.
At the cost of huge sacrifices, the Soviet side still managed to withdraw from Tallinn most of the ships and ships with the people on them, to save them from destruction or capture by the advancing Nazis.
The forces that arrived from Tallinn to Kronstadt, and then to Leningrad, strengthened the defense of the city on the Neva – most of them already had combat experience in battles with the enemy in the Baltic States. The skills and knowledge of organizing the interaction of ships of the fleet with ground forces in the defense of a large settlement – Tallinn – and its naval base were important. The ships with their powerful artillery were immediately included in the defense system of Leningrad, turned into an impregnable fortress. From the crews, marine brigades and landing squads were formed. Soon they all began to terrify the Nazis. The experience of the transition was also taken into account when organizing the evacuation from Odessa.
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EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and / or sentence structure not be perfect.