MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
An electronic exhibition dedicated to the 80th anniversary of the beginning of the Siege of Leningrad on September 8, 1941, was opened in the branch of the Central Naval Museum named after Emperor Peter the Great – on the cruiser Aurora.
The exhibition presents documentary newsreels of the life and struggle of besieged Leningrad.
The theme of the blockade is not accidental for Aurora. When, by the end of the 30s, the cruiser was completely obsolete, and in May 1941, the People’s Commissar of the USSR Navy, Admiral Nikolai Kuznetsov, signed an order to assign the name “Aurora” to one of the new cruisers of Project 68, scheduled for laying in 1941. The legendary “Aurora” was expected to be scrapped, but this was prevented by the beginning of the Great Patriotic War, the cruiser continued her naval service as a floating submarine base.
When the troops of the Nazi group “North” in September 1941 were on the nearest approaches to Leningrad, nine 130-mm guns were removed from the “Aurora”. They were installed between Duderhof (Mozhaisky settlement) and Kievskoe highway at a position 12 km long. The combat crews of these guns almost all died in the battles, but they delayed the enemy’s advance, inflicting huge losses in manpower and equipment. In memory of the heroes-artillerymen of battery “A” (“Aurora”), memorials were erected at Voronya Gora and Kievskoe highway. Some of the smaller-caliber guns were removed from the cruiser and transferred in July 1941 to the ships of the Chudskaya military flotilla. One 130-mm gun from the Aurora was installed on the Baltiets armored train, which successfully smashed the enemy on the outskirts of Leningrad.
The very same “Aurora” for almost the entire war was in the military port of Oranienbaum (now the city of Lomonosov). In September 1941, the combat crews of the remaining artillery installations on the cruiser reflected fierce enemy air raids. The ship received numerous underwater and surface holes from the hits of enemy shells and aerial bombs. There was a threat that the cruiser, having received a list of 23 degrees, would lie on the starboard side and sink. Courageous and decisive actions of the personnel saved the situation. Having opened the kingstones of the opposite side and submerged the ship, the sailors put it on the ground on an even keel. In September 1944, the Aurora was raised and transferred to Leningrad for repairs.
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EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and / or sentence structure not be perfect.