MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
In the Saratov region, on the territory of the Engels long-range aviation formation, the Museum of the 22nd Guards Heavy Bomber Donbass Red Banner Aviation Division celebrated its 21st anniversary. This unique open-air museum was opened on September 9, 2000.
More than 5 thousand visit it annually. The excursions are personally conducted by the director of the museum, reserve major Sergei Voronov.
By 2000, more than a hundred different combat aircraft had accumulated at the Engels airfield, which were to be cut into scrap metal. Then the idea was born to keep some of the unique combat vehicles. A special commission selected one sample of each type, then the planes were rolled over to prepared sites.
A room has been allocated for the museum, where aircraft models, stands illustrating the history of long-range aviation, aircraft dashboards, and aircraft weapons are presented. There is also a book for reviews, in which the presidents of the Russian Federation Boris Yeltsin and Vladimir Putin left notes during memorable meetings, Doctor of Technical Sciences Evgeny Kulaga, chief designer of the Tu-160 strategic missile carrier Valentin Bliznyuk, test pilot Lieutenant General Lev Kozlov, the first woman cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova and others.
On the stands of the museum, clockwise, the history of the airbase is presented, starting from 1936. One of the unique exhibits is the wreckage of the first fascist plane shot down by women from the Marina Raskova’s air regiment.
The exposition of the museum includes aircraft Il-62, ZMS-2, An-2, An-12, An-24, Tu-95, Tu-22, Tu-134, L-39; cruise missiles Kh-55, Kh-22nA, Kh-20m, KSR-2ud; aerial bombs – FAB-9000m, FAB-5000m, FAB-3000m, FAB-1500m, FAB-500m, FAB-250m, FAB-250ts, SAB-250t, OFAB-250, NOSAB-100tk, DOSAB-100tk; historically valuable items, including paraphernalia of long-range aviation, memorable photographs, wreckage of rare aircraft.
The most frequent visitors to the museum are schoolchildren and students, with whom a large military-patriotic work is carried out.
For reference: The place for the museum at the Engels airfield was not chosen by chance. Since 1932, he has gone from an aviation school of pilots to the largest strategic aviation airbase in Russia. In 1941-1942. under the command of the famous pilot, Major Maria Raskova, in Engels, three female aviation regiments were formed and prepared for combat work, flying on three types of aircraft. In total, during the war years, more than three thousand winged defenders of the homeland were trained here. 190 people for military exploits were awarded the high title of Hero of the Soviet Union.
Today, in the open-air parking lot of the museum, powerful strategic bombers, missile carriers, special and auxiliary aircraft that have been in service with the Long-Range Aviation from the second half of the fifties to the present are collected.
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EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and / or sentence structure not be perfect.