MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
The meeting took place on the City Day. They talked about the urban economy, health care, transport, housing construction and the environment.
This year marks 874 years since the first mention of Moscow. The capital celebrates this event on September 11-12. The festive events will be held taking into account sanitary restrictions – the absolute priority is the protection of human life and health.
On City Day Mayor of Moscow Sergei Sobyanin reported to the President of Russia Vladimir Putinabout the situation in the city and the implementation of the main programs for the development of the capital.
The Russian President congratulated Muscovites on the City Day. “Moscow is the capital, Moscow is a city, and at the same time it is probably impossible to call it a city, it is a huge, global agglomeration, and we know how complex the life processes of such agglomerations are. Recently we have often said, and we say this with pride, that Moscow demonstrates very good development indicators in comparison with other agglomerations of this kind, ”said Vladimir Putin.
Situation in the economy
Moscow was able to take control of the spread of coronavirus infection. This was possible thanks to timely and balanced restrictive measures, the creation of a comprehensive system for the detection and treatment of cases, as well as mass vaccination. The first component of the vaccine has already been received by about 4.8 million residents of the capital.
“Moscow, due to its peculiarities, is the largest transport hub. Most of the road and rail traffic goes through Moscow. The population density is enormous. Plus, you rightly said that it is also an agglomeration of more than 20 million. And of course, as they say, Moscow probably got more than others in terms of COVID, pandemic and so on, ”said Sergei Sobyanin. According to him, the attention from the Government of Russia and the State Duma, the decision to build a flexible regional policy, as well as the new economy that has emerged in the agglomeration over the past decade and the continuation of all federal state programs, despite the difficult period, helped the city to overcome the consequences of the pandemic.
As part of the anti-crisis measures, 60,100 enterprises in the affected industries, employing more than 700,000 people, received support in the form of tax deferrals, lower rent, soft loans and subsidies. In addition, more than 18 thousand companies, employing more than 127 thousand people, received preferential loans in the amount of over 132.9 billion rubles.
In order for the city’s economy to function normally, only the most necessary restrictions were introduced and removed as soon as the situation allowed.
All these measures helped the Moscow economy in terms of key indicators exceed the level of not only last year, but also the pre-pandemic 2019.
“Thanks to these measures and decisions, the economy in Moscow has not only recovered, it has even surpassed the pre-crisis level of 2019, and quite decently – from seven to more than 20 percent in various industries and areas. Investments have increased, the volume of industry has increased, the volume of construction has increased, unemployment has dropped significantly, it has practically reached the pre-crisis level, which is extremely important, ”said Sergei Sobyanin.
Growth of indicators this year in relation to 2019:
– industrial production: plus 42.1 percent;
– investments in fixed assets: plus 19.7 percent;
– average nominal wages: plus 16.9 percent;
– retail trade turnover: plus 7.5 percent.
The registered unemployment rate as of September 1, 2021 is 0.53 percent, while the national average is 1.3 percent.
New housing and renovation program
Since 2019, more than five million square meters of housing have been commissioned in Moscow every year. This is much higher than the level of the previous 20 years, when three to four million square meters were commissioned.
According to preliminary estimates, this year will put 5.8 million square meters of housing, which will be a record in the history of the city. As of July, 3.55 million square meters have already been commissioned.
“Thanks to your decisions on preferential mortgages, signals that are coming within the framework of national projects, for example, housing construction in general, I think this year will be a record in the entire history of Moscow,” the Moscow Mayor said.
A renovation program is also being implemented in Moscow. Within its framework, 46.4 thousand people have already moved to new apartments or are in the process of moving. 145 houses have been built, 294 are under construction. By 2024, the resettlement of 217 thousand Muscovites will begin. The program is scheduled to be completed in 2032.
“We have come a long way: from the creation of urban planning documentation, it’s just a gigantic work, to be honest, to design another city inside the city. And by the end of this year, about 50 thousand people will have already been resettled since the beginning of the program. And it will continue to go on increasing, because we just started, went to the launch sites, then more, more. And so in three periods we must implement the program by 2032, as we planned, ”added Sergei Sobyanin.
Modernization of healthcare
Improving the quality and comfort of medical care is a key project of the Moscow Government for the coming years. Despite the pandemic, the city continues to implement major programs for the development of the health care system.
The construction of new hospitals continues: the hospital in Kommunarka, the medical and diagnostic complex of the Moscow Clinical Scientific Center named after A.S. Loginov, Infectious Diseases Clinical Hospital No. 1 and other hospitals with a total area of more than one million square meters. This is the largest program in the modern history of the city – so many hospitals in Moscow have not been built for many decades.
“It was important for us not only to provide assistance to covid patients, but not to stop routine care. And our programs on national projects, programs related to the development of the outpatient link, the reconstruction of large-scale existing old polyclinics, which we are transforming into modern good clinics – equipping them with equipment, equipping them with the necessary number of doctors of narrow specialties, introducing information technologies, a client-oriented approach, about which we we like to say so much, it is turning into reality on the basis of new modernized polyclinics, ”said the Moscow Mayor.
Reconstruction of about 200 polyclinics is underway – this is 50 percent of the outpatient fund. Institutions lead to a new Moscow standard. The modernization of about 30 buildings has already been completed. In addition, it is planned to build 27 new polyclinics.
The Moscow standard of polyclinics is the latest equipment, full staffing of the polyclinic with specialist doctors, comfort for patients and doctors.
Digitalization of healthcare will enable the introduction of patient-friendly online services and is increasingly becoming a decisive factor in improving the quality of treatment. 50 percent of Muscovites have already received access to an electronic medical record – this is more than seven million people.
An artificial intelligence-based computer vision system has already helped to decipher and diagnose (covid pneumonia and cancer) based on one million tomographic images.
In all adult clinics, a medical decision support service operates – it analyzes the patient’s complaints, makes a preliminary diagnosis and prescribes tests.
Special attention is paid to oncological diseases. Moscow prematurely switched to a new federal standard of drug provision for six localizations of cancer, which account for 80 percent of all cancers. From 2022, four more localizations will be included in the program.
In addition, a system of continuous patient management (diagnostics – treatment – rehabilitation) has been created in six anchor hospitals in all districts of the capital. These institutions have been completely re-equipped with the latest equipment, including state-of-the-art laboratories. An individual accompaniment service has been created for patients – specialists remind them of the appointment with the necessary doctors and help to do this.
For 10 years, 177 kilometers of lines and 90 metro and MCC stations have been built in Moscow. This year, the construction of 10 stations of the Big Circle Line (BCL) will be completed. The technical start-up of some of these stations took place on the City Day, and the traffic will be opened for passengers in the coming months. The construction of the BCL is planned to be fully completed in 2022. The Big Circle Line will become the largest metro ring in the world with 31 stations and a length of 70 kilometers.
“We introduced the MCC, remember, we introduced the surface metro, plus the underground metro – only 90 stations were commissioned over the years. 10 more will be added this year, and by the end of the year there will be 100 new metro stations. There was no such pace even in Soviet times, ”said Sergei Sobyanin.
In 2019, the first two lines of the MCD opened – MCD-1 and MCD-2. Today the construction of MCD-3 and MCD-4 is underway.
The project for the construction of MCD-3 Zelenograd – Ramenskoye is being implemented simultaneously with the modernization of the Oktyabrskaya railway – it will become part of the high-speed railway line (HSR) Moscow – St. Petersburg.
High-speed rail trains will make four stops in Moscow – Zelenograd, Petrovsko-Razumovskaya, Rizhskaya and Leningradsky railway stations. Each of them will become a modern interchange hub, with transfers at metro stations, MCDs and ground transport.
The launch of the lines MCD-3 Zelenograd – Ramenskoye and MCD-4 Aprelevka – Zheleznodorozhny is scheduled for 2023–2024. The works on the modernization of the railway infrastructure are the largest in the modern history of the city.
“Each of these diameters is tens of kilometers, about 80 kilometers in length, tens of stations. It’s just that we are rebuilding even these stations, in fact, into mini-stations of a good, high-quality level along the lines that we are opening. At first they were just platforms, but today they are full-fledged railway stations – comfortable, with elevators, escalators, cash desks and so on, with new rolling stock, ”said the Moscow Mayor.
Over 10 years, 1,033 kilometers of roads have been built in Moscow, and in the coming years, 100 kilometers will be built annually. The largest project is four chord lines in the middle part of the city, which will relieve the Moscow Ring Road, the Third Transport Ring and outbound routes.
Thanks to the implementation of the transport program, the average travel time from the Moscow Ring Road to the city center and back has decreased by 20 minutes over the past 10 years. More than four million Muscovites live, work or study near the new metro stations.
This year, 21 large objects will be comprehensively landscaped in Moscow, including embankments, streets, lanes in the city center, outbound highways, 118 iconic and park areas, 3.5 thousand courtyards, various healthcare, education and transport facilities. For example, the embankments of the Balchug Island opposite the Kremlin, two territories in the floodplain of the Chermyanka River, which will become part of the future Yauza Park, and Leninsky Prospect will be put in order.
In the summer, a large-scale improvement of school yards and stadiums, as well as kindergarten areas, took place in Moscow. Modern recreational and sports spaces have been created in 400 schools and kindergartens.
“The most important thing we have focused on is to make a comprehensive improvement of the districts, so that these are not some single works, but a real, good arrangement of the microdistrict. To make people comfortable there, they did not have to go somewhere specifically for some kind of services, or to a park, or to a public garden, or just take a walk, so that they feel like they are in the best district of Moscow in each of these districts. People are proud of this, people know the history of these areas, and it is important to equip them at the proper level, ”said Sergei Sobyanin.
Improving the environmental situation
Moscow is implementing major projects to improve the environmental situation in the city.
One of them is a large-scale reconstruction of the Moscow refinery. Thanks to it, the plant reduced the discharge of polluted wastewater into the Moskva River by 99.9 percent and reduced emissions of harmful substances into the atmosphere by 2.2 times, and hydrogen sulphide emissions by 9.6 times.
Refinery modernization continues. It will allow the refinery to increase the depth of oil refining and abandon the production of fuel oil, as well as further reduce emissions into the atmosphere.
Moscow became the first Russian region to ban the sale of fuel below the Euro-5 ecological class. Also, restrictions were introduced on the entry into the city of commercial trucks with engines below Euro-2, and inside the Third Ring Road – below Euro-3.
The city’s public transport operates primarily on electric traction. In the metro, 63 percent of the cars, 3548 units, are modern. And by 2023, their share will grow to 80 percent – plus 1,001 cars.
Also, 63 percent (3550 cars) of commuter trains are modern. By 2023, their share will grow to 80 percent – plus 1,032 wagons.
78 percent of tram cars – 565 units – are also modern. By 2023, there will be no old trams left in the city park – plus another 224 new cars.
By the end of this year, 1,000 electric buses will run in the capital, and 2,500 by 2023. This means that about 25 percent of city buses with diesel engines will be replaced by environmentally friendly cars. Already, Moscow ranks first in Europe in terms of the number of electric buses.
“All this together gives a good result: the amount of harmful emissions has decreased by about one and a half to two times. This is especially important near city highways, avenues, where most of the cars pass. There, the decrease has occurred two or three times, “- said the Mayor of Moscow.
The ecological situation is also improving due to new green spaces. Over the past 11 years, more than 10 million trees and shrubs have been planted in Moscow.
Thanks to the implementation of the environmental program, the concentration of pollutants in the atmosphere decreased by 1.3–2.1 times compared to 2010, and by 2–3 times near highways. Moscow’s carbon dioxide emissions are 25 percent below 1990 levels.
“Of course, not immediately, gradually, but steadily, the ecological situation in Moscow is improving. Thanks to everyone: motorists who now take better quality cars, public transport, city programs – all this gives hope that, despite the growth in the population in Moscow, the growth in the number of cars, the ecology will nevertheless improve, “said Sergei Sobyanin.
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.