MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
Thus, the large ring line is 88 percent complete, and the tunneling is 97 percent complete.
The technical start-up of a new section of the Big Circle Line (BCL) of the metro from the Mnevniki station to the Davydkovo station took place.
“Metrostroyevtsy made a good gift to the city. Today we are technically launching three metro stations from Mnevniki to Davydkov, including the Kuntsevskaya station. An important section of the Big Circle Metro Line. In the near future, we have to launch two more sections – the southwestern and western (from “Mnevniki” to “Kakhovka”). A significant part of the Big Circle line of the metro should start working at the same time, “- said
According to him, this requires technical launches, which allow the metro to prepare and run a new line. “Thus, this year, two thirds of the BCL should be built. And next year we must carry out all the main work and completely close the ring at the end of 2022 or the beginning of 2023. The enormous work is gradually coming to an end thanks to the skill, talent, and organizational skills of the builders. We are very grateful to them, ”said the Moscow Mayor.
Separately, he thanked the metro workers: “BCL crosses the radial lines of the metro, we have to dock new and old metro lines, metro stations. The hardest job. But I think we will cope with it, and in the coming months there will already be trains with passengers ”.
The new BCL section is located in the western part of the city and includes three stations – Terekhovo, Kuntsevskaya and Davydkovo. The facility was built according to Spanish technology using large diameter tunnel boring shields (10 meters) “Nadezhda” and “Lilia”.
During the technical start-up on the metro section under construction, the movement of a test electric train without passengers is organized. This process allows you to check the operability of automation, telemechanics and train traffic control devices, as well as traction network devices, train and dispatch radio communications. The operability of the life support system of the station is also being checked.
Based on the test results, work will be carried out to eliminate the identified comments, adjust engineering systems and devices at stations and in tunnels.
Three new metro stations
Metro stations “Terekhovo”, “Kuntsevskaya” and “Davydkovo” are planned to open before the end of the year. They will be part of the BCL section from Mnevniki to Kakhovskaya with a length of about 20 kilometers with 10 stations. In the history of the Moscow Metro, such a large section of the line will be simultaneously commissioned for the first time.
With the opening of the Mnevniki – Kakhovskaya section, the number of operating BCL stations will increase from 12 to 22. In fact, two thirds of the large ring will operate.
The opening of the section of the Big Circle Line from Mnevniki to Davydkov will improve transport services for those who live and work in the districts of Khoroshevo-Mnevniki, Kuntsevo, Mozhaisky, Fili-Davydkovo, Ochakovo-Matveyevskoe with a population of over 700 thousand people. About 90 thousand people will receive the metro within walking distance for the first time. The reduction in daily travel time for local residents will be around 40 percent.
Terekhovo station is a key transport facility for the implementation of the program for the integrated development of the Mnevnikovskaya floodplain. There is an active construction of new residential areas and unique sports facilities.
With the opening of the new section, Kuntsevskaya station will become a major transport and interchange hub in the west of Moscow, uniting the Bolshaya Ring, Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya, Filevskaya metro lines and MCD-1 Belorussko-Savelovsky (Odintsovo – Lobnya).
The existing metro stations will be significantly unloaded:
– “Kuntsevskaya” of the Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya line – by 28 percent;
– “Kuntsevskaya” of the Filevskaya line – by 27 percent;
– “Slavyansky Boulevard” of the Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya line – by 17 percent.
The new stations will increase the attractiveness of using public transport, thereby reducing the load on the road network. So, Aminevskoe highway will become 15 percent freer, Rublevskoe highway – by five percent.
To improve the access to the new stations, the route network of surface urban passenger transport (NGPT) will be adjusted. A completely new route will be opened, five will change the route, another one will be canceled. Local residents will find it most convenient to get to the new metro stations.
The Terekhovo station is located along the southern part of the Mnevnikovskaya floodplain near the village of the same name.
The shallow station with a depth of 26.6 meters has two onshore platforms. Two lobbies will provide passengers with access to the territory of the Mnevnikovskaya floodplain to promising residential and public buildings. They are connected with interchange mezzanines by flights of stairs, and with street pavilions – by escalators. Pavilions No. 3 and 4 of exits from the pedestrian crossing are equipped with lifts for people with limited mobility.
To organize a convenient approach to the metro station for those who live and work in the Filevsky Park area, as well as for visitors to the Grebnoy Canal in Krylatskoye, it is planned to build pedestrian bridges across the Moskva River.
The design project “Terekhova” was developed by the winner of an open competition – the architectural company Buromoscow. As conceived by the architects, the station was decorated with silhouettes of human figures, which were applied to the columns using digital printing technology on concrete.
To illuminate the platform, LED lamps in the form of rings suspended from the ceiling on brackets were used. The slatted white matt ceiling on the platform creates a semicircular coffin pattern.
The walls of the checkout areas are lined with smooth panels, the ceiling – with panels with round holes for built-in lamps. The area of the escalator descent is finished with relief elements (flutes).
The floor is paved with granite. A special heat-treated granite stone is used on the steps of the stairs and in under-street passages.
A comprehensive improvement of the adjacent territory with a total area of 58 thousand square meters will be carried out. In particular, a new section of Projected Passage No. 1078 will be built – a boulevard with a length of 500 meters with two traffic lanes in each direction, sidewalks and fronts of embarkation and disembarkation of passengers of the NGPT. On one side of the boulevard, pedestrian paths and green spaces will also be planted.
The Kuntsevskaya station is located along the Rublevskoye Highway, between Moldavskaya Street and the MCD-1 tracks. It will be possible to transfer from it to the stations of the same name on the Filevskaya and Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya metro lines and MCD-1. In the future it will be possible to do this according to the principle of “dry feet”.
The station is shallow (depth is 37.6 meters), three-span columnar with two coastal platforms, as well as aboveground and underground vestibules.
The main idea of the architectural and artistic solution is the monumentality, unity and integrity of the station’s interior and lobbies, as if carved out of solid stone. The surfaces of the floors, walls and ceilings imitate the terrazzo mosaic technology in light gray tones. The geometric shapes and right angles at the station are smoothed out by cylindrical lamps.
At the time of putting the station into operation, the southern lobby with exits to Ivana Franko and Krasnye Zor streets, stops of surface urban passenger transport, residential buildings and public buildings will be open.
In the future, it will be possible to use the northern combined lobby for three Kuntsevskaya metro stations. With its help, passengers will be able to change trains between Filyovskaya, Arbatsko-Pokrovskaya and Bolshaya ring lines. In addition, through this lobby it will be possible to get out to Rublevskoye Highway and Moldavskaya Street, ground transport stops, residential and public buildings, as well as to the facilities of the projected transport hub.
In the future, an off-street pedestrian crossing will appear from the southern lobby to transfer to the Kuntsevskaya MCD-1 station.
Experts will beautify the adjacent territory with a total area of 33 thousand square meters. So, next to “Kuntsevskaya” for pedestrians there will be walking paths and places for rest, and for motorists there will be built ramps to the existing junction at the intersection of Rublevskoye Highway and Ivan Franko Street.
The Davydkovo station is located along the Aminevskoe highway at the adjoining Initiative street. Its depth is 29.1 meters, a station with onshore-type platforms, columnar, two-level. Through the only lobby you can go to the Aminevskoe highway, residential buildings and ground transport stops.
A large base of the Russian Emergencies Ministry is located near the station, so its design is a tribute to the Russian rescuers. In the checkout hall there is a panel “The Star of Salvation”. In the center is the icon of the Mother of God “Burning Bush” – the patroness of firefighters. A fire tower is depicted on the periphery. The motto of the Ministry of Emergency Situations is placed on the platform in the form of a panel: “Prevention. The rescue. Help”.
On the track walls, you can see artistic bas-reliefs made of white architectural concrete, reflecting the tasks of the Ministry of Emergency Situations.
Specialists will comprehensively improve the adjacent territory with a total area of 27.8 thousand square meters.
To reduce the load on the main course of the Aminevskoye Highway, a 300-meter-long backup with ground transport stops and taxi ranks will be built. For the convenience of pedestrians, the regulated crossing over the Aminevskoe highway will be expanded from four to six meters.
Big ring metro line
The construction of the Big Circle Line (BCL) of the Moscow Metro is the world’s largest metro construction project.
The BCL will be 70 kilometers long. It will have 31 stations and three electric depots, including the existing Kakhovskaya – Kashirskaya section.
For comparison: the length of the existing Koltsevaya line of the Moscow metro is 19.4 kilometers, it has 12 stations, which is 3.5 times less.
The BCL may become the longest subway ring line in the world, overtaking the current champion among underground rings – the second ring line of the Beijing subway (57 kilometers).
A large circular line will connect existing and prospective radial lines up to 10 kilometers from the existing circular line. This will unload the first (stations within the ring) and the second (the Ring line itself) interchange circuits of the Moscow metro.
Thanks to the technical solutions that are used for the construction of the BCL, it will be possible to connect new metro radii to it:
– Rublevo-Arkhangelskaya line – at the Narodnoe Opolchenie station;
– Troitskaya line – at the Novatorskaya station;
– a promising line to Biryulyovo and Shcherbinka – on Klenovy Boulevard.
From the BCL stations it will be possible to make transfers to 20 stations of 11 other metro lines, four – at the Moscow Central Ring (MCC) station, six – at the Belorussko-Savelovsky MCD (Odintsovo – Lobnya) and Kursko-Rizhsky (Nakhabino – Podolsk ), as well as 11 changes on the railway line. The largest transport hubs of the Big Circle Line will be Delovoy Tsentr, Savelovskaya, Nizhegorodskaya, Novatorskaya and a number of others.
The first ideas for the construction of the BCL date back to 1985. However, due to lack of resources and for other reasons, the project could not be implemented for 25 years.
The decision to start construction of the Big Circle Line was made by Sergei Sobyanin.
The construction of the line is divided into the following sections:
– northwest from Delovoy Tsentr station to Savelovskaya station. The first stage – “Business Center” – “Petrovsky Park”. Opened on February 26, 2018. The second stage – “Petrovsky Park” – “Savelovskaya”. Opened December 30, 2018;
– northeastern section from Savelovskaya station to Nizhegorodskaya. The first stage – “Nizhegorodskaya” – “Lefortovo”. Opened on March 27, 2020. The second – “Lefortovo” – “Electrozavodskaya”. Opened December 31, 2020. The third stage – “Electrozavodskaya” – “Savelovskaya”;
– the western section from the Khoroshevskaya station to the Kuntsevskaya station. Construction stages: Khoroshevskaya – Mnevniki (opened on April 1, 2021), Mnevniki – Kuntsevskaya;
– south-western section from the Kuntsevskaya station to the Prospekt Vernadsky station. Stages: “Aminevskaya” – “Prospect Vernadsky”, “Kuntsevskaya” – “Aminevskaya”;
– the southern section from the Prospekt Vernadsky station to the Kakhovskaya station, including the reconstruction of the Kashirskaya – Kakhovskaya section;
– the eastern section from the Kashirskaya station to the Nizhegorodskaya station.
The large ring line is 88 percent complete and the tunneling 97 percent complete.
Results of the implementation of the Moscow Metro construction program
From 2011 to the present, the Moscow Government together with Russian Railways have completed the construction / reconstruction of 317.1 kilometers of lines, 153 stations, three additional lobbies of the Moscow metro, MCC and MCD, as well as 11 electric depots.
– section from Maryino station to Zyablikovo station (three stations);
– section from the Maryina Roshcha station to the Seligerskaya station (six stations);
– the second exit (lobby) of the Maryina Roshcha station;
– the second vestibule of the Petrovsko-Razumovskaya station.
– section from Novogireevo station to Novokosino station (one station);
– section from Delovoy Tsentr station to Ramenki station (five stations);
– the section from the Ramenki station to the Rasskazovka station (seven stations).
– section from Krasnogvardeyskaya station to Alma-Atinskaya station (one station);
– Technopark station;
– section from the station “Rechnoy Vokzal” to the station “Khovrino” (two stations).
– a section from the Mitino station to the Pyatnitskoe shosse station (one station).
– section from Vykhino station to Kotelniki station (three stations);
– Spartak station.
– section from the station “Ulitsa Starokachalovskaya” to the station “Bitsevsky Park” (two stations).
– section from Yugo-Zapadnaya station to Salaryevo station (three stations);
– section from Salaryevo station to Kommunarka station (four stations).
– section from Kosino station to Nekrasovka station (four stations);
– section from the station “Nizhegorodskaya” to the station “Kosino” (three stations).
Large circular line:
– section from Delovoy Tsentr station to Savelovskaya station (six stations);
– section from Nizhegorodskaya station to Lefortovo station (three stations);
– section from Lefortovo station to Electrozavodskaya station (one station);
– transfer between the stations “Petrovsky Park” of the Big Circle Line and “Dynamo” of the Zamoskvoretskaya Line;
– section from Khoroshevskaya station to Mnevniki station (two stations);
– section from Mnevniki station to Davydkovo station (three stations).
– the second lobby of the Mezhdunarodnaya station.
Moscow Central Circle – 31 stations.
Moscow Central Diameters (MCD-1, MCD-2) – 60 stations, of which 20 are interchange stations on the metro, MCC and MCD lines.
Electric depot (including reconstruction): Mitino, Brateevo, Pechatniki, Vykhino, Planernoe, Nizhegorodskoe, Likhobory, Solntsevo, Vladykino, Rudnevo, Sokol.
The plans for 2021 are to complete the construction / reconstruction of seven stations of the Moscow metro and a number of other facilities, including:
– south-western section of the BCL from the Davydkovo station to the Vernadsky Prospekt station (three stations);
– the southern section of the BCL from the Prospekt Vernadsky station to the Kakhovskaya station (four stations);
– a connecting line with the Nizhegorodskoye depot (1.9 kilometers);
– dead ends behind the station “Business Center” BCL (1.2 kilometers);
– the second vestibule of the Lesoparkovaya station of the Butovskaya line;
– transfer from the BCL to the existing Aviamotornaya station of the Kalininskaya line.
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.