MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
The BCL included four more stations – Novatorskaya, Vorontsovskaya, Zyuzino and Kakhovskaya.
The technical launch of the southern section of the Big Circle Metro Line (BKL) from Prospekt Vernadskogo station to Kakhovskaya took place.
“In the previous two weeks, we launched six stations at the BCL, and today four more stations have been put into trial operation. They walk inside the train, run the lines, start commissioning. I hope that the passengers will go soon. The launch of 10 stations simultaneously is a unique event in the history of metro construction, I hope that it will take place. The following work remains: to remove construction sites, to equip the stations and run in the tracks, “he noted. Sergei Sobyanin…
According to him, the completion of the construction of the southern section of the BCL has become a serious milestone in the implementation of the metro development program. Since 2011, 100 new stations have been built in the city, which means that the metro in the capital has grown by 1.5 times.
The southern section of the BCL, 6.4 kilometers long, includes four stations: Novatorskaya, Vorontsovskaya, Zyuzino and Kakhovskaya. The section was built according to the technology traditional for the Moscow metro – with the construction of two single-track tunnels with a diameter of six meters.
“These four stations, which we are launching today, improve transport provision for 700 thousand people from seven districts of Moscow, making it possible to move between districts,” the Moscow Mayor said.
During the technical start-up, a test electric train without passengers follows the section. This allows checking automation, telemechanics and train traffic control devices, as well as traction network devices, train and dispatch radio communications. They also monitor the efficiency of the life support systems of the stations. After the tests, all faults will be eliminated, engineering systems and devices at the stations and in the tunnels will be adjusted.
10 new stations
Metro stations Novatorskaya, Vorontsovskaya, Zyuzino and Kakhovskaya are planned to be opened for passengers by the end of the year as part of the BCL section from Mnevniki to Kakhovskaya. Its length is about 20 kilometers. The section will include 10 stations. In the history of the Moscow metro, at the same time, such a large section of the line will be commissioned for the first time.
The opening of the southern section of the BCL will improve transport services in the areas of Prospekt Vernadsky, Obruchevsky, Lomonosovsky, Cheryomushki, Konkovo, Zyuzino and Nagorny. The population of the districts is about 720 thousand people, with over 220 thousand Muscovites living near the new stations. The time that locals spend on city trips every day will be cut by up to 40 percent. In addition, with the opening of a new section of the BCL, the existing metro stations “Kaluzhskaya” (by 44 percent) and “Sevastopolskaya” (by 61 percent) will be significantly relieved.
Three of the four stations on the southern section will be interchange stations. From Vorontsovskaya it will be possible to transfer to the Kaluzhskaya Kaluzhsko-Rizhskaya line, from Kakhovskaya to the Sevastopolskaya Serpukhovsko-Timiryazevskaya line. In the future, “Novatorskaya”https: //www.mos.ru/nevs/item/93378073/will become a transfer to the station of the same name under construction on the Troitskaya metro line.
Thanks to the new stations, transport links between neighboring areas will improve, and thus the attractiveness of using public transport will increase. Due to this, the load on the roads will decrease: Kakhovka Street will become freer by 15 percent, Profsoyuznaya Street and Sevastopolsky Avenue – by six percent.
To make it more convenient to approach the new stations, the public transport routes will be adjusted: one new route will be opened, nine routes will be changed, four more will be canceled, since they duplicate the new section of the BCL.
False ceiling and orange shades: Novatorskaya station
Novatorskaya is a shallow station with two underground lobbies, located at the intersection of Novatorov Street and Leninsky Prospekt. In the future, it will be a transfer to the station of the same name under construction on the Troitskaya metro line.
The station has its own unique design. The main accent is the suspended ceiling, lined with multi-format triplex panels with film in three shades of orange.
The track walls are closed with a hinged noise suppression system, the central row of rectangular columns is faced with gray marble, the floor is lined with slabs of light gray granite and black gabbro-diabase. The information panels with the station name were made of black glass, the letters were made white.
The territory adjacent to the station with a total area of 45 thousand square meters will be landscaped. The carriageway of Novatorov Street and Udaltsova Street will be restored. To stop public transport, check-in pockets are equipped.
In the future, after the completion of the construction of the station, it is planned to improve Leninsky Prospekt.
Milky Way on Vorontsovskaya
Vorontsovskaya station is located at the intersection of Profsoyuznaya street with Starokaluzhskoe highway. It will become a transfer to the Kaluzhskaya metro line of the Kaluzhsko-Rizhskaya metro line. The station got its name from the names of the nearby Vorontsovo estate and the park of the same name. In October 2018, the majority of residents who took part in the poll in the Active Citizen project voted for the name Vorontsovskaya.
Vorontsovskaya is a shallow station with two lobbies, from which it will be possible to go to Profsoyuznaya Street, Starokaluzhskoe Highway and Khlebobulochny Proezd, to residential and public buildings, to ground transport stops.
The interiors of the station are associated with space themes. This design was inspired by the architects’ working name – “Kaluzhskaya”, associated with the city of Kaluga, where Konstantin Tsiolkovsky lived and worked.
The suspended ceiling at the station has a complex geometry. It was made of identical small-format aluminum elements located at different heights. Built into the structure are neon lights that create a sense of continuous movement – a stream reminiscent of the Milky Way.
The color scheme of the station is dominated by gray, black and orange. Two rows of concrete columns of complex shape are covered with a silicate anti-vandal compound that preserves the texture of the concrete. The sophisticated rhythm of the ceiling contrasts with the simple floor pattern, finished in two shades of granite – white and dark gray.
In the lobby, the suspended ceiling is made of triangular aluminum honeycomb panels, between which profiles with lighting equipment are located. The columns of the lobby are finished with gabbro-diabase, the walls – with light gray and black marble, the cash register – with orange agglomerate, and the floor – with gray granite and black gabbro.
A comprehensive improvement of the adjacent territory with an area of over 76 thousand square meters is also planned. A 500-meter section of Projected Passage No. 4846 will be built, and a taxi stand will appear near the western entrance of the station. Two stops are being reconstructed for public transport. There will be sheds to protect passengers from snow and rain.
“Zyuzino”: texture and marble
Zyuzino station is located at the intersection of Kakhovka Street with Sevastopolsky Avenue. It is a shallow station with two underground lobbies. From them you can go to both sides of Kakhovka Street and to Sevastopolsky Avenue.
With a typical design, the station has a vivid individual image, combined with the aesthetics of a typical building area of the 1960s. Gray, black and yellow colors are used in the design of “Zyuzin”. The walls are covered with aluminum panels, the columns are faced with light gray marble with a pronounced texture.
The main decoration of the station is a decorative “honeycomb” suspended ceiling made of a variety of aluminum plates and LEDs. The floor is paved with two types of natural stone: light gray granite and black gabbro-diabase.
The area around the station will be landscaped, a controlled pedestrian crossing will appear and seven ground transport stops will be reconstructed.
Octagons on “Kakhovskaya”
At the intersection of Kakhovka, Azovskaya and Chongarskiy boulevard streets is the Kakhovskaya station. This is a shallow station, three-span, with columns and an island platform, in the center of which you can transfer to the “Sevastopolskaya” Serpukhovsko-Timiryazevskaya metro line. In addition, in 2022, it is planned to put into operation a new combined lobby for two stations with the organization of an additional transfer between them.
“Kakhovskaya” was built according to a standard design popular in the 1960s – 1970s, but its distinctive feature was the columns in the form of a regular octagon. Typically, at stations built according to this standard design, the columns are square in cross-section.
The track walls of “Kakhovskaya” are decorated with original cast panel-bas-reliefs dedicated to the Civil War (sculptors V.A. Gorchakov, L.A. Soshinskaya and others)
During the reconstruction, which began on March 30, 2019, the historical appearance of the station was preserved as much as possible. At the same time, specialists modernized the infrastructure, replaced engineering communications, rails, wall cladding and platforms.
“Kakhovskaya” will become convenient for passengers with limited mobility. An elevator has been installed in one of the lobbies, connecting the platform with the checkout hall and the exit at the intersection of Azovskaya and Kakhovka streets.
Until recently, the Kakhovskaya line, 3.3 kilometers long, was the shortest branch of the Moscow metro. Its three stations – Kakhovskaya, Varshavskaya and Kashirskaya – were opened on August 11, 1969 as part of the Zamoskvoretskaya line, and in 1995 they became a separate metro line.
The complex reconstruction of the Kakhovskaya line began in the spring of 2019. It was decided to include it in the composition of the Big Circle Line under construction.
The reconstructed Kakhovskaya station will be opened as part of the southern section of the BCL from Prospekt Vernadsky to Kakhovskaya. Also, as part of the first stage, a connecting line will be built to the Zamoskvoretskoye depot, which now serves the metro line of the same name, and in the future will be switched to servicing the Big Circle Line.
In 2022, it is planned to complete the reconstruction of the Varshavskaya and Kashirskaya stations and put them into operation together with the eastern section of the BCL from Kashirskaya to Nizhegorodskaya.
Before the reconstruction, the Kakhovskaya line was in little demand compared to others. The passenger traffic was several tens of thousands of people a day. Shortened trains operated on the line, and the interval of movement was five minutes. After the inclusion of the Kakhovskaya line in the BCL, the interval will be reduced to standard on the Moscow metro 1.5-2 minutes, passengers will be able to get to dozens of districts of the middle part of the city without a change.
Big ring metro line
The construction of the Big Circle Line of the Moscow Metro is the world’s largest metro construction project. Its length will be 70 kilometers. It will have 31 stations and three electric depots, including the existing Kakhovskaya – Kashirskaya section.
For comparison: the length of the existing Koltsevaya line of the Moscow metro is 19.4 kilometers, there are 12 stations on it.
The BCL may become the longest subway ring line in the world, overtaking the current champion among underground rings – the second ring line of the Beijing subway (57 kilometers).
A large circular line will connect existing and prospective radial lines up to 10 kilometers from the existing circular line. This will unload the first (stations within the ring) and the second (the Ring line itself) interchange circuits of the Moscow metro.
“When we launch the entire ring, it will, of course, give a huge synergistic effect: the load on the radial directions, on the road network will decrease, and the situation will be completely different in the metro as a whole. So we are consistently, step by step moving towards completing this huge project for the construction of the Big Circle Metro Line, the largest ring line in the world, “added Sergei Sobyanin.
Thanks to the technical solutions that are used for the construction of the BCL, it will be possible to connect new metro radii to it:
– Rublevo-Arkhangelskaya line – at the Narodnoe Opolchenie station;
– Troitskaya line – at the Novatorskaya station;
– a promising line to Biryulyovo and Shcherbinka – on Klenovy Boulevard.
From the BCL stations it will be possible to make transfers to 20 stations of 11 other metro lines, four – at the Moscow Central Ring (MCC) station, six – at the Belorussko-Savelovsky MCD (Odintsovo – Lobnya) and Kursko-Rizhsky (Nakhabino – Podolsk ), as well as 11 changes on the railway line. The largest transport hubs of the Big Circle Line will be Delovoy Tsentr, Savelovskaya, Nizhegorodskaya, Novatorskaya and a number of others.
The first ideas for the construction of the BCL date back to 1985. However, due to lack of resources and for other reasons, the project could not be implemented for 25 years.
The decision to start construction of the Big Circle Line was made by Sergei Sobyanin.
The construction of the line is divided into the following sections:
– northwest from Delovoy Tsentr station to Savelovskaya. The first stage – “Business Center” – “Petrovsky Park”. Opened on February 26, 2018. The second stage – “Petrovsky Park” – “Savelovskaya”. Opened December 30, 2018;
– northeastern section from Savelovskaya station to Nizhegorodskaya. The first stage – “Nizhegorodskaya” – “Lefortovo”. Opened on March 27, 2020. The second is Lefortovo – Electrozavodskaya. Opened December 31, 2020. The third stage – “Electrozavodskaya” – “Savelovskaya”;
– the western section from the Khoroshevskaya station to Kuntsevskaya. Construction stages: Khoroshevskaya – Mnevniki (opened on April 1, 2021), Mnevniki – Kuntsevskaya;
– south-western section from the station “Kuntsevskaya” to “Prospekt Vernadsky”. Stages: “Aminevskaya” – “Prospect Vernadsky”, “Kuntsevskaya” – “Aminevskaya”;
– the southern section from the Prospekt Vernadsky station to the Kakhovskaya station, including the reconstruction of the Kashirskaya – Kakhovskaya section;
– the eastern section from the Kashirskaya station to the Nizhegorodskaya station.
The overall construction readiness of the ring is 88 percent, including 97 percent of the tunnels completed.
Metro construction in Moscow
Since 2011, the Moscow Government has completed the construction of 195.4 kilometers of lines, 100 new stations, three additional lobbies, 11 depots for the Moscow Metro and the Moscow Central Circle. The Moscow metro network has grown by 1.5 times.
In addition, together with Russian Railways, the MCD-1 and MCD-2 surface metro lines were put into operation – 132 kilometers of tracks and 60 stations.
– section from Maryino station to Zyablikovo station (three stations);
– section from Maryina Roshcha station to Seligerskaya station (six stations);
– the second exit (lobby) of the Maryina Roshcha station;
– the second vestibule of the Petrovsko-Razumovskaya station.
– section from Novogireevo station to Novokosino station (one station);
– section from Delovoy Tsentr station to Ramenki station (five stations);
– the section from the Ramenki station to the Rasskazovka station (seven stations).
– section from Krasnogvardeyskaya station to Alma-Atinskaya station (one station);
– Technopark station;
– section from the station “Rechnoy Vokzal” to the station “Khovrino” (two stations).
– section from the Mitino station to the Pyatnitskoe shosse station (one station).
– section from Vykhino station to Kotelniki station (three stations);
– Spartak station.
– section from the station “Ulitsa Starokachalovskaya” to the station “Bitsevsky Park” (two stations).
– section from Yugo-Zapadnaya station to Salaryevo station (three stations);
– section from Salaryevo station to Kommunarka station (four stations).
– section from Kosino station to Nekrasovka station (four stations);
– section from Nizhegorodskaya station to Kosino station (three stations).
Large circular line:
– section from Delovoy Tsentr station to Savelovskaya station (six stations);
– section from Nizhegorodskaya station to Lefortovo station (three stations);
– section from Lefortovo station to Electrozavodskaya station (one station);
– transfer between the stations “Petrovsky Park” of the Big Circle Line and “Dynamo” of the Zamoskvoretskaya Line;
– section from Khoroshevskaya station to Mnevniki station (two stations);
– section from Mnevniki station to Davydkovo station (three stations);
– section from the station “Davydkovo” to the station “Prospekt Vernadsky” (three stations);
– section from the station “Prospekt Vernadsky” to the station “Kakhovskaya” (four stations).
– the second lobby of the Mezhdunarodnaya station.
Moscow Central Circle – 31 stations.
Moscow Central Diameters (MCD-1, MCD-2) – 60 stations, of which 20 are interchange stations on the metro, MCC and MCD lines.
Electric depot (including reconstruction): Mitino, Brateevo, Pechatniki, Vykhino, Planernoe, Nizhegorodskoe, Likhobory, Solntsevo, Vladykino, Rudnevo, Sokol.
The plans for 2021 are to complete the construction / reconstruction of four stations of the Moscow metro and a number of other facilities, including:
– the southern section of the BCL from the Prospekt Vernadsky station to the Kakhovskaya station (four stations);
– the second vestibule of the Lesoparkovaya station of the Butovskaya line.
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.