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September 19, 2021 11:01 am

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The fountain on the Central Square near the Round Pond in the Stalin Park of Culture and Leisure. 1930s. Main Archive of Moscow

Today, an ecological and educational center “Tsarskaya Apiary” operates on the territory of the park, where the traditions of breeding honey insects are maintained.

The father of Peter I, Tsar Alexei Mikhailovich, founded the Tsar’s apiary, or the Tsar’s apiary, in his ancestral domain – the village of Izmailovo near Moscow. In the capital’s Glavarchiv materials have been preserved about what the apiary was like in different years of its existence.

In the 17th century, a beekeeper with various innovations was organized in the Prosyansky garden – in the very depths of the Izmailovsky forest massif. At that time, the apiary was unusual. For example, bee decks were installed there – hollow parts of a tree trunk with a passage for bees and covers on both sides. The decks were called “king”, “queen” and “princess”.

But over time, this place fell into decay, and the revival of the beekeeping industry began only 200 years later – in the summer of 1865. The initiator was the Imperial Russian Society for the Acclimatization of Animals and Plants. Its participants began to conduct serious research on bees in the apiary, train new specialists and educate amateur beekeepers.

During the Soviet era, the Izmailovskaya apiary had to go through one of the most difficult periods. After the October Revolution, she was in a state of disrepair. Rare employees supported the life of the complex as best they could and even published the magazine “Pchelovodnoe Delo”.

On August 24, 1946, the Council of Ministers of the RSFSR, by its order, ordered the executive committee of the Moscow Soviet to transfer the apiary to the Institute for the Improvement of Livestock Beekeepers of the USSR Ministry of Agriculture (now the Academy of Beekeeping and Modern Biotechnology) organized in 1945. As a result, the institute accepted exhibits of the beekeeping museum and the Izmailovskaya apiary “in the amount of 54 bee colonies, with laboratory and training equipment, located on the territory of the Izmailovskiy Stalin Park of Culture and Leisure”.

At present, the Tsarskaya Apiary Ecological and Educational Center is operating on the territory of the Izmailovsky Park, where experienced beekeepers maintain the tradition of breeding honey insects. It regularly hosts excursions, thematic classes, creative workshops, children’s parties and educational events.

EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.

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