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September 20, 2021 10:25 am

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The Gamma Knife is a radiosurgical unit for the treatment of tumors and vascular disorders in the cranial cavity.

To the Scientific Research Institute of Ambulance named after N.V. Sklifosovsky Research Institute for Emergency Medicine, unique equipment for the “Gamma Knife” apparatus has been received. The new generation stereotactic frame is already in use. The specialists of the institute carried out the first operation in Russia with her help.

The frame is necessary for all calculations, as well as for fixing the patient during the intervention. At the beginning of the year, the gamma knife was modernized in advance in order to make it technically possible to use the new version of the components.

“The new frame has a number of advantages over the previous model. A lightweight design with no metal parts is more comfortable for patients and makes it easier to perform CT and MRI before surgery, which improves the accuracy of targeting. The improved frame does not require additional assembly and adjustment, which significantly speeds up the procedure. At the moment, N.V. Sklifosovsky Research Institute for Emergency Medicine is the only center in the country equipped with such equipment. The direction of radiosurgery is actively developing in Moscow, which has allowed us to perform more than four thousand operations with the gamma knife. At the same time, such operations are carried out for Muscovites free of charge, ”said the director of the N.V. Sklifosovsky Research Institute for Emergency Medicine Sergei Petrikov.

At the N.V. Sklifosovsky Research Institute for Emergency Medicine

The first operation using the new frame was performed by the specialists of the radiosurgery center on a 62-year-old patient diagnosed with arteriovenous malformation. In this case, a tangle of blood vessels is formed, in which the normal course of arteries, veins and capillaries is disturbed. Its rupture can lead to disability and death. The previously performed operation did not help restore blood flow in the pathological area, and the patient underwent radiosurgical treatment with a gamma knife at the N.V. Sklifosovsky.

The use of the new frame made it possible to eliminate image distortions, as well as to avoid problems due to the peculiarities of the previous intervention, which would have been impossible with the use of an earlier version of the equipment. The specialists were able to fully focus on the malformation and successfully perform the complex operation.

The Gamma Knife is a radiosurgical unit for the treatment of tumors and vascular malformations in the cranial cavity. The operation is performed without skin incisions and trepanation. For this, radioactive radiation from 192 sources of cobalt-60 is used. Its bundles come together and act like a non-invasive surgical knife, destroying the DNA of tumor cells. At the same time, healthy brain tissue and the whole body are not irradiated. The operation is performed on an outpatient basis and the procedure is completely painless.

Radiosurgery Center of N.V. Sklifosovsky Department of Healthcare of Moscow – an innovative department of high-tech treatment of patients with various diseases of the central nervous system. Since the beginning of this year, the center’s specialists have already performed more than 500 interventions. First operation with a gamma knife was held in 2016

EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.

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