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24 September 2021, 07:18

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The battle for Moscow was the first serious defeat of the German fascist army. On September 30, at the Victory Museum, one can learn how the Soviet people were able to defend their capital.

How Muscovites helped the military to defend the city, why the battle for Moscow became a kind of forge of personnel for the top commanding staff of the Red Army, and how Soviet troops managed to defeat superior enemy forces – this and much more will be told in the Victory Museum. September 30 marks 80 years since the beginning of the Battle of Moscow. On a memorable day for the whole country, the museum offers to remember how one of the key battles of the Great Patriotic War took place.

Visitors will find a guided tour, film screening and reading letters from the front. Part of the thematic program will be held online. Users are invited to take online tours and lectures. All events are free, some require pre-registration.

“The operation to seize Moscow began on September 30, 1941. The Germans expected to take the capital in 10-12 weeks, and destroy its inhabitants or take them prisoner. At the same time, the enemy outnumbered the number of soldiers and military equipment. To resist him, the Soviet people had to make tremendous efforts. More than seven million people defended the city, and in December the Red Army launched a counteroffensive and threw the enemy back 150–300 kilometers from Moscow. This was the first serious defeat of Hitler during the Great Patriotic War, ”said Alexander Shkolnik, director of the Victory Museum.

Muscovites in the front-line city and a film about the defeat of the Nazis

The thematic program will begin with the excursion “Moscow is behind us”. The guests will walk through the “Feat of the Army” exposition. The guide will explain why the operation to capture Moscow was codenamed Typhoon, and also tell you what resources and weapons were not enough to defend the city and how, despite all the difficulties, the German offensive was stopped. It will be about the famous battles near Mozhaisk, Kalinin (now Tver), Tula. It will be possible to learn about how ordinary residents helped the army to defend the city: they built fortifications, nursed the wounded, extinguished fires after the bombings. The excursion “Moscow is behind us” is free, you only need to buy an entrance ticket to the museum and in advance register… It will take place on September 30 at 11:00, 12:00, 18:00 and 19:00. Each group can be joined by no more than 20 people.

On this day, it will also be possible to watch on the big screen the famous film “The Defeat of German Troops near Moscow” (1942). It tells about the preparation of the capital for defense, about how Muscovites voluntarily went to the front and how the Red Army liberated towns and villages near Moscow. The film won an Oscar for Best Documentary. Film screenings will take place at 13:00, 15:00 and 17:00, there is no need to register in advance.

How did the participants describe the events of the battle for Moscow? What touching words did you write to your family and friends, what did you dream of? Were the soldiers afraid, knowing about the advantages of the attacking enemy, or, on the contrary, were they set for a feat? You can learn about this thanks to the surviving front-line letters of the people’s militias addressed to their families. The excerpts will be read by poet Maxim Dobrorodnov, resident of the creative association Made Inside. Beginning at 17:00 at the Generals’ Hall, no prior registration is required.

See archival photographs of the city and battlefields

The Victory Museum has also prepared two online tours dedicated to the battle for Moscow. The first one was recorded on the territory of the “Feat of the Army” exposition. Users will be presented with archival photos of anti-tank hedgehogs placed on the streets, and an interactive map reflecting the course of the battles. The guide will list the advantages of the Simonov anti-tank rifle, for whom the battle of Moscow became a baptism of fire. And during the second virtual tour, everyone will be able to look at the diorama of the Museum “Counteroffensive near Moscow”. They will be presented with sketches of the battle near Yakhroma, genuine guns, rifles of that time and personal belongings of soldiers: military uniforms, flasks, dishes and much more.

An online lecture “History in Detail” was also dedicated to the defense of the capital; it will be released in three episodes. Head of the Scientific and Methodological Department of the Victory Museum Stanislav Davydov and Research Fellow of the Kaluga branch of the Victory Museum named after G.K. Zhukova Konstantin Zalansky will talk about how the battle for Moscow became, in essence, a forge of personnel for senior military leaders. Among other things, the audience will be told how, as the commander of the Western Front, Georgy Zhukov strengthened his position and improved the intelligence system, recognizing the plans of the enemy and getting ahead of him.

All videos will be published on September 30 at 07:00 on museum website.

You can share the stories of relatives and friends who defended Moscow in 1941-1942 on the website of the special project Museum “Faces of Victory”… This is a collection of photographs and memories of people who contributed to the Victory. The special project helps to perpetuate the merits and deeds of the participants in the Great Patriotic War.

In May, a special project “80 Years of the Battle for Moscow” was launched on Here, not only the memory of saving the city from destruction is preserved, but also interesting details are told about the life of people at that time, about how what was Moscow like in 1941-1942.

EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.

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