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September 25, 2021, 16:01

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The main building of the city clinical hospital No. 4. Photo by S. Gubachev. year 2012. Main Archive of Moscow

From the first days of operation, the Pavlovsk hospital was declared free. Thanks to this, the poor and the needy were able to receive qualified medical care.

For more than 250 years, Pavlovsk, and today the city clinical hospital No. 4, has been receiving patients. Materials about what the first civilian medical institution was in the 18th century have been preserved in Main Archive Directorate of the City of Moscow.

In 1762, the future Emperor Paul I fell seriously ill when he arrived with his mother to the coronation celebrations. Later, when the heir was miraculously healed, on June 17 (old style – June 6), 1763, Catherine II signed a decree on the creation of a hospital in Moscow, named Pavlovskaya in memory of the recovery of Paul I. This hospital was the first where the poorest could receive help for free. strata of the population.

The hospital opened its doors for patients on September 25 (according to the old style – September 14), 1763.

As soon as the Pavlovsk hospital began to work, the important principles of its activity were determined: called free, it was intended to treat the poor and the poor. The medical institution was financed by Tsarevich Pavel himself, and in the 19th – early 20th centuries, the hospital was fully financially supported by the representatives of the imperial family and was part of the Department of Institutions of the Empress Maria.

The Pavlovsk hospital has always had a special status among other medical institutions in the country, which was also emphasized in its name – the Imperial Pavlovsk hospital, since 1882 it was renamed the hospital of Emperor Paul I in Moscow. This medical institution enjoyed great attention and favor from the imperial family.

The first patients in the Pavlovsk hospital began to receive the French military doctor Nicola-Gabriel Leclerc. After him, this position was held by Dr. Fyodor Gaaz, Fyodor Herzog, father and son Gustav and Alexander Leventali.

Well-known Moscow philanthropists, those who were members of the Board of Trustees of the Empress Maria’s institutions, were appointed as the chief directors of the medical institution at various times: princes Alexander and Sergei Golitsyn, real privy councilor Alexander Lunin, Tver governor Peter Ozerov, Baron Fyodor Buhler.

Valuable documents

The archival fund of Moscow contains documents describing both the creation and the work of the Pavlovsk hospital for more than 250 years of its activity. So, in reports on work for different years, for example, during the Patriotic War of 1812 and during the First World War, there are statements about the number of patients who were admitted and lists of employees.

The hospital acquired the status of a city hospital in March 1917, and a year later became clinical. There were equipped departments that carried out both scientific and educational work.

The Pavlovsk hospital in 1763 had three departments: it could receive only 25 patients at a time. Currently, the city clinical hospital No. 4 has more than 15 departments, including surgery, traumatology, cardiology, therapy and rheumatology.

EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.

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