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6 October 2021, 09:01

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E.V. Vladimirov at the car. 1937 year. Main Archive of Moscow

The full registration of all motor vehicles was carried out in Moscow in 1931.

The full registration of all motor vehicles was carried out in Moscow in 1931. Since the 1910s, when the assembly line system appeared, the automotive industry began to develop actively. Closer to the 1930s, the number of cars on the streets of large cities increased markedly, while there was no single registration system for cars. The importance of entering the registration numbers is also emphasized by the Glavarchiv the documents.

The earliest attempts to register transport in cities were made in the 19th century. Then the horse-drawn vehicles were given registration numbers, which did not allow drivers to evade payment of the duty. But at that time there was no talk of uniform room standards throughout the country. And although in the 1920s they tried to introduce standards for license plates, they were developed and put into effect only in 1931. On August 11, 1931, the Council of People’s Commissars issued a decree, on the basis of which the regions started registering cars.

In the capital, on October 6, 1931, the Moscow City Council instructed the Moscow Transport Administration to start issuing license plates. From that moment on, in the city, all motor vehicles belonging to organizations, institutions and individuals had to be registered.

To do this, the drivers came to the Moscow Transport Administration, where they received a single registration ticket and two license plates. On a car, one such plate with a number was attached to the front, another to the back, and on a motorcycle, the front sign was located along its front fender, and the rear one was perpendicular to the rear fender. The number format established in 1931 (letter – two digits – two digits) was subsequently changed several times.

When the car was registered, the license plates issued to it were fixed and retained for it for the entire period of operation. It was forbidden to transfer the plates to other machines.

Order on the roads and more

In addition to license plates, car owners were obliged to inform the transport department about the transfer of the car to other persons, about setting it up for major and medium repairs, about changing its address and parking lot, as well as notifying about the change in the type of car, which happened, for example, when it changed body. In addition, it was now impossible to buy or sell used cars and motorcycles that had not passed a technical inspection and did not receive a certain assessment from the technical expert and consulting bureau of the Moscow Transport Administration.

Thanks to the license plates, it was possible to put in order the transport system and find out the exact number of vehicles in the city, because it was not allowed to take it outside the city without the permission of the Moscow Transport Department.

Also, with these signs, it has become easier to identify traffic offenders and perpetrators of road accidents. The accounting data helped to draw up projects for the reconstruction of Moscow, the expansion of the road network and the construction of highways, depending on the traffic congestion of the city.


EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.

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