MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
Metropolitan factories, receiving benefits from the city, create unique developments that are in demand not only in Russia, but also abroad.
On October 7, the capital celebrates the Day of Moscow Industry. There are more than three thousand industrial enterprises operating in the city, which produce almost everything – from sweets and ballet pointe shoes to space engines. Enterprises created decades ago are modernizing production, introducing new technologies and creating new products. At the same time, small and even micro-enterprises are developing in the capital, whose innovative developments are also gaining market share.
Mosprom sample 2021
Moscow is an excellent example of a metropolis, where, together with enterprises with almost a century of history, small high-tech industries are successfully developing – compact and environmentally friendly. Many of them appeared after 2010: enterprises producing robots, smart chips, 3D printers, and modern composite materials were added to the traditional oil refining, mechanical engineering, light and food industries. In many ways, this became possible thanks to the efforts of the Moscow Government aimed at the development of innovative industries.
What is being produced in Moscow today? 20.5 percent of enterprises, that is, over 600 companies, are associated with the field of radio electronics and instrument making. This is precisely the very science-intensive area in which the capital’s research institutes and research and production enterprises operate. Almost nine percent of enterprises are engaged in printing, and eight percent – in mechanical engineering, produce road-building and agricultural machinery, as well as cars.
Eight percent of the companies work in the light and chemical industries, as well as in the production of building materials. The food and beverage industry employs 7.8 percent of enterprises. In addition, 53 enterprises are engaged in the aviation industry, and 24 are developing the rocket and space industry.
Made in Moscow products are successfully sold not only in the city and regions of Russia. The enterprises of the capital also work for export. In 2020, high-tech companies in Moscow delivered $ 30 billion worth of products abroad, which is 44 percent more than in the same period in 2019.
In 2005, a special economic zone (SEZ) was created in Zelenograd Technopolis Moscow.It was supposed to become a platform with favorable conditions for high-tech enterprises. And the project turned out to be successful: today Technopolis “Moscow” consists of five sites and about 200 companies, which employ more than 13.5 thousand people.
Innovative enterprises locate their scientific and technical laboratories and production facilities in the special economic zone. Residents, and 88 companies have already received this status, create developments, technologies, invest in production and successfully sell their products, including for export.
The benefits and preferences provided by the Moscow Technopolis help companies to achieve such development. Among them are a reduction in income tax to two percent, a zero rate of property tax and transport tax, a free customs zone regime that provides duty-free imports, and preferential terms for land lease. In addition, residents have the opportunity to purchase a land plot for one percent of its cadastral value upon completion of the construction of their facility.
These incentives allow businesses to devote more funds to research and innovation. Residents of Technopolis “Moscow” have registered 175 patents for useful models and inventions. Nearly 70 percent of new developments are in electronics and high technology. These include devices for detecting moving objects, methods of manufacturing electronic elements and circuits, instruments for calibrating microscopes, rugged computers, and new solutions for drones.
Technoparks for large and small industries
More than 40 modern sites for innovative production have been created in Moscow. Technoparks offer enterprises premises adapted to different types of activity – there are laboratories and “clean rooms”, as well as testing and certification centers. And of course, benefits and preferences for development.
Technoparks house completely different production facilities and scientific and technical laboratories. More than two thousand companies are already renting space in technoparks, and 1402 of them have already received the status of residents. At the same time, 81 percent of all residents are micro-companies or small enterprises. The demand for technoparks is also evidenced by the fact that today a little more than one percent of the area is vacant. Last year alone, 102 enterprises came here.
What enterprises are located in technoparks? Almost a third of companies (31 percent) are engaged in scientific research and development. 21 percent are manufacturing enterprises: they produce computers, electronics, optics, equipment. Another 15 percent are engaged in information technology. By the way, some technoparks, such as Fiztekhpark, Otradnoye, Horizon and Vodny Stadium, have become real centers of attraction for IT enterprises.
Last year, eight Moscow technoparks entered VI national rating… Among them are the Technospark nanotechnology center (first place), the Technopolis Moscow SEZ, the Kalibr, Slava, Strogino, Polyus, Elma and Mosgormash technoparks.
The capital’s high-tech industries are also united by the Moscow Innovation Cluster (MIC), created in 2019. This is an ecosystem for those who want to create a new product or service and are looking for partners to implement the project. On the portal I. moskov you can find services and resources for development, apply for subsidies, find premises for rent. More than 30 thousand participants have already joined the MIC.
“The industrial sector is represented in the Moscow Innovation Cluster by over 2,500 participants. Metropolitan industrialists are our partners in various technology competitions. On the basis of their enterprises, developments are being tested in the framework of pilot testing, “said the head of the capital Department of Entrepreneurship and Innovative Development Alexey Fursin.
The Moscow government actively supports the industry and its modernization, providing various benefits and preferences. Residents of technoparks and the special economic zone Technopolis Moscow, industrial complexes and investment priority projects can count on them.
For example, since 2016, large manufacturing industries and enterprises engaged in research and development can receive the status of an industrial complex. To do this, they must meet a number of criteria, including investments over the past five years, requirements for the minimum size of the wage fund, average wages and revenue.
Industrial complexes can count on a reduction in the regional part of the income tax from 17 to 13.5 percent, on privileges on rent for land plots owned by the city, up to 80 percent, on a reduction in the property tax rate by 50 percent and land tax on 80 percent.
In 2021, three more organizations received this status, and a total of 61 industrial complexes operate in the capital. At the same time, they have invested about 34.3 billion rubles in the Moscow industry in the last five years alone.
A wide range of benefits also applies to technology parks. Their residents and tenants can pay a reduced income tax of 13.5 percent. Also, the property tax rate is zeroed, and the rent for land is 0.01 percent of the cadastral value. Technoparks and their residents can receive:
– subsidies for interest payments on loans for the development of the property complex of the technopark (up to 300 million rubles per year);
– subsidies for loans for the purchase of equipment (up to 200 million rubles per year), – subsidies for reimbursing a part of leasing costs (up to 100 million rubles per year):
– subsidy for technological connection (up to 100 million rubles).
The above support measures are available to industrial complexes and investment priority projects.
In addition, for industries with the status of an investment priority project, income tax is reduced from 17 to 13.5 percent, the property rate is zeroed, and the rent rate for a land plot is reduced by 99 percent.
The city helps enterprises not only to develop production, but also to sell products, including abroad. For this purpose created export support and development center “Mosprom” and Moscow Export Center… If the GEC was conceived to support small businesses, then the Mosprom center interacts with medium and large businesses – exporters of industrial products and products of the agro-industrial complex.
Despite the different directions and forms of support, the task of both organizations is to help establish links between the capital’s industries and potential buyers from abroad, as well as promote goods and services abroad, including through conducting business missions and organizing collective stands of Moscow companies. at international industry exhibitions. In addition, exporters are offered acceleration programs and webinars organized by the Moscow Exporter School.
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.