MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
We consider the notes made by the hand of Eldar Ryazanov, read the donation signatures and study the space book.
The Eldar Film Club-Museum contains over 300 exhibits related to the life and work of the creator of Carnival Night, Irony of Fate, or Enjoy Your Bath!, Beware of the Automobile, and Cruel Romance. Rare documents, scripts, posters, manuscripts and photographs can be seen in the main exhibition, which is now being worked on in the film club, but for now they are available in electronic form at website.
Elena Gurko, a curator of the museum, a member of the Union of Cinematographers of Russia, chose five of the most interesting exhibits and spoke about them. Read more in the mos.ru article.
The poster of the film “Sakhalin Island”
The poster for the documentary film, which began the glory of Eldar Ryazanov, was created by Alexander Lemeshchenko, a Soviet poster artist, a member of the Union of Artists of the USSR. Where the poster, which is now kept in the cinema club, hung, it is impossible to say for sure. Perhaps it was the Moscow Central House of Cinema, where the premiere took place on April 5, 1955.
Ryazanov became interested in documentaries in the fourth year of VGIK – with the arrival of a new teacher Arsha Ovanesova, who organized and headed the documentary film workshop. In 1950, Ovanesova received the Stalin Prize of the first degree for the film “Youth of the World”. In the same year, Eldar Aleksandrovich graduated from VGIK with honors. For several years, he traveled with working expeditions to Sakhalin, Kamchatka, the Kuril and Commander Islands, sailed with a whaling flotilla, and filmed fishermen in the Sea of Okhotsk.
Once the Central Documentary Film Studio offered Ryazanov and his friend Vasily Katanyan to make three short films about Sakhalin. Katanyan – about the forests of the island, Ryazanov – about the marine fauna, as well as a joint species film. But then the studio decided to combine all three themes in one film. The work began in 1954. A young, enthusiastic team of VGIK alumni stayed on the island for about 10 months. Filming was carried out all over the island – from Cape Pogibi to Aniva Bay. Eldar Alexandrovich later said in his memoirs that Sakhalin became his first love.
In April 1955, the film was released and made a splash. The impression was so strong that thousands of Soviet boys and girls wanted to see the distant mysterious island with their own eyes. Many of these young romantics stayed there forever. We saw “Sakhalin Island” abroad as well – the picture took part in the International Cannes Film Festival. For Ryazanov and Katanyan, practically debutants, this was a huge achievement. In the future, they still worked together.
Ryazanov was friends with Vasily Katanyan all his life. Moreover, he conveyed greetings to a friend through his cinema. His surname is mentioned in several films of Eldar Alexandrovich. Zhenya Lukashin is going to visit the Katanyans to celebrate the New Year at the beginning of the film “Irony of Fate, or Enjoy Your Bath!”
The script of the film “Ivan the Terrible”
A copy of the script for the last film by Sergei Eisenstein, released by Goskinoizdat in 1944, Eldar Ryazanov received as a gift from the director himself. Eisenstein was his teacher at VGIK. On the title page there is a dedication signature: “To dear Eldar Alexandrovich Ryazanov! A rogue, a parasite and a loafer! Professor Sergei Eisenstein “. These epithets, of course, are comic – Eisenstein considered Ryazanov to be a great talent and a hard worker.
The gift was made three months before the death of the master. Eisenstein died of a heart attack in 1948, without having had time to make changes to the second part of Ivan the Terrible, which they did not like at the top. The first one, which brought him the Stalin Prize of the first degree, was a resounding success that spread far beyond the borders of the country. American and English actor Charlie Chaplin wrote that “Ivan the Terrible” seemed to him the highest achievement in the genre of historical films.
Eldar Aleksandrovich recalled in his interviews that all the students of VGIK treated Eisenstein with great sympathy and he reciprocated them. The best, in his opinion, he invited to visit and even presented them his favorite books.
“He did things that would seem unheard of to people who knew him: he gave me books! For Sergei Mikhailovich voluntarily parting with the book was painful, unbearable. I still have monographs about Toulouse-Lautrec, Daumier, Degas with his dedicatory inscriptions, ”Ryazanov recalled in his autobiography“ Unsummed Results ”.
Screenplay for the film “Carnival Night”
In 1957, the Iskusstvo publishing house published a book – the script for the film Carnival Night. The book, addressed to a wide range of readers, includes frames that were not included in the picture, cut out during the editing of the replica, as well as interesting details from the set.
“Carnival Night” is a special work in the work of Eldar Alexandrovich, his first play art picture. In 1955, he directed the film-revue Spring Voices, and then he was offered to make a New Year’s musical comedy based on a script by Boris Laskin and Vladimir Polyakov. At that time Ryazanov was just going on his first vacation in his life, but it did not work out – the director of the Mosfilm film studio Ivan Pyryev had his own plans for him. He sent the young director to the House of Creativity of Cinematographers in Bolshev, near Moscow, to help write the script for Laskin and Polyakov.
This copy, printed immediately after the release of the film, was previously kept in the personal library of Ryazanov himself. On it we see the inscriptions made as a keepsake by the co-authors: “Thank you for the painting and for your friendship. Boris Laskin “and” Dear Eldar, “Spring Voices” – one, “Carnival Night” – two, but wouldn’t you tell us – three? ” Vladimir Polyakov.
Director’s script for the film “Irony of Fate, or Enjoy Your Bath!”
“Women’s hands take a shiny rocket out of a heap of Christmas tree decorations and fix it on a spruce branch. The credits of the film appear. Object: apartment. Captions, close-ups, shooting method – panorama “- this is how the director’s script of the famous comedy, the most popular New Year’s film since 1975, begins.
A director’s script is the director’s own working script. In addition to the plot, dialogues, images of heroes, it contains information about the close-up of shots, frame-by-frame breakdown of scenes and other technical data necessary for filming. This director’s script was based on a play written by Eldar Ryazanov and Emil Braginsky in 1969. In it, Eldar Alexandrovich noted the numbers of frames, locations of filming, timing, music. On the pages of his hand inscribed the names of the actors approved for the role.
The comedy “The Irony of Fate, or Enjoy Your Bath” can be called a kind of poetic anthology. The film featured poems by Anna Akhmatova, Yevgeny Yevtushenko, Alexander Kochetkov, Boris Pasternak and Marina Tsvetaeva. Ryazanov got acquainted with the famous poem of Kochetkov “Don’t part with your beloved” almost 10 years before filming. He decided that these verses must necessarily sound from the screen.
Book “Unsummed Results”
“This book has been written, in fact, for the last 10 years, in parallel with other works – as the years passed, scripts, plays were written, films were shot. Television programs were created, new chapters of this book appeared, which, as it happened, became a companion of my life, “- said Eldar Ryazanov himself in the preface to his book, published in 1983.
The volume of “Unsummed Results” kept in the cinema club is unusual. He visited the Salyut-7 space station in the mid-1980s. The crew made six spacewalks, set a flight record at that time (237 days). The book has a somewhat shabby appearance – the crew members did not let go of it.
Upon their return to Earth, the cosmonauts left an inscription on the “Unsummed Results”: thank the author. All of the above is confirmed by our signatures, sealed with the onboard seal of the Salyut-7 station. Pilot-cosmonauts of the USSR from February 8, 1985 to October 2, 1985 “.
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.