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Read the article for why the state conducts a population census, why it is worth taking part in it, and how the country’s residents think.

The 2020 All-Russian Population Census was postponed due to the COVID-19 pandemic – it will be held from October 15 to November 14, 2021. A convenient innovation awaits the participants – the electronic census form can be filled out on their own on the public services portal. The preliminary results of the census will appear in April 2022, and the final data will be published in the fourth quarter of 2022. In some regions of Russia, the census has already begun.

Read the article for why collecting statistical data on the population and how this information helps in the work of government services and budget planning.

Why is the population census carried out?

The social policy of the state is formed on the basis of the census data. The goal is to collect up-to-date information about who and how lives in the country. This information will help form strategic plans for the development of regions and the state as a whole.

One of the main tasks of a census is to keep track of how many people live in a particular locality, and to understand the pace and structure of internal and external migration. To do this, you need to know the main demographic indicators – the level of education, ethnic composition, the actual composition of the family, and so on.

The population census is the most effective and often the only way to obtain this information and, on its basis, determine how many inhabitants there are in the country, what problems they have. This information will be used in national projects.

Why is the population census carried out every 10 years?

World experience in conducting censuses has shown that 10 years is the optimal time period. This practice was initiated by the United Nations, which includes Russia: every 10 years another round is announced – at this time, countries are recommended to conduct a census in order to determine on a global scale how the population is changing and how it migrates.

Why is it worth taking part in the census?

Census data will help analyze the current needs of Russians and predict what they will need in the future.

Accurate data on the population size will enable regional and federal authorities to calculate the need for kindergartens, schools, hospitals and other social infrastructure facilities, determine which benefits are especially relevant, and adjust the amount of payments, for example, maternity capital.

Even updated statistics will help to modernize and implement new projects in the field of education, medicine and construction.

How will the census be conducted in 2021?

The census will take place within a month – from October 15 to November 14, 2021. During this period, a scribe may come home. In Moscow, the census will be conducted by 26.5 thousand people: 22.8 thousand census takers and 3.8 thousand controllers who organize their work.

In Moscow, the same rules and conditions of the population census apply as throughout the country.

Russians can fill in electronic census forms themselves on the portal of public services, but only from October 15 to November 8. This opportunity, for example, will be used by astronauts who will be on the International Space Station at this time. After filling out the sheet, a QR code will be sent to your email and mobile phone. It needs to be shown to the scribe who comes home. This is to avoid duplicate records in the database. The census on the portal of public services can also be taken in all centers of public services “My Documents”.

In addition, it will be possible to take part in the census at stationary sites. Enumerators will work there, and residents will be able to fill out their census forms. In Moscow, 3776 sites will be opened within walking distance and 122 sites in the centers of public services “My Documents”. The list of sites with addresses and telephone numbers will be published on the Mosstat website on the eve of the start of the census. Plots in Moscow will operate from 16:00 to 20:00 on weekdays and from 10:00 to 18:00 on weekends and holidays.

Will the residents of Moscow who have moved from other regions be counted?

All residents of the city will be counted. The criterion is simple: if a person lives in Moscow for more than 12 months, he is automatically considered a resident of it.

You can ask additional questions to specialists by calling the hotline of the All-Russian Population Census: +7 800 707-20-20. Calls are accepted daily from 09:00 to 21:00. The rest of the time the answering machine works, you can leave your question, and the operator will call back later.

How do you understand that you have a scribe in front of you?

The scribe is obliged to show the certificate, it is valid upon presentation of the passport. Mandatory attributes of the scribe – a blue briefcase with the inscription “Rosstat”, a blue scarf with the inscription PN-2020, a vest with reflective stripes. The scribe also has a tablet with special software.

Even if you filled out the electronic census form on the public services portal, the census taker can visit your apartment. He will come to clarify whether everyone who lives in the apartment has passed the census. If you personally filled out the questionnaire at a stationary site, the enumerator will no longer come to your apartment.

You can find out your enumerator by calling the telephone number of your census district or by calling the hotline: +7 800 707-20-20.

Who can take part in the census?

All residents of Russia, regardless of citizenship, as well as Russian citizens temporarily outside the country.

If a Russian is abroad, he can take a survey on the website of state services or ask family members to take a survey for him when the census takers come home. If the survey is completed on the site, relatives will not need to re-answer the questions. They can simply show the scribe the QR code of a family member who has left (it is issued on the government services website after passing the survey).

What questions will you need to answer?

The organizers offer three types of survey forms: form L, form P and form B.

Form L contains 23 questions for those who permanently live in Russia – here they will ask you to choose the appropriate options for questions about gender, age, professional employment, knowledge of foreign languages, marital status, number of children, sources of income and other socio-economic indicators …

Form P contains 10 questions about the housing of census participants: what year the house was built and what material the walls were made of, what is the area and how many rooms are in the house / apartment.

Form B will be offered to foreigners temporarily staying in Russia. It contains seven questions, including the purpose of the visit to Russia and the length of residence in the country.

What questions will not be asked?

Scribes will not ask about the amount of income, only about its source – work, pension, allowance, scholarship. Also, they will not ask who the owner of the home is, and they will not ask to show their passport. But they can clarify the surname, name and patronymic – this is necessary so that one person is not interrogated twice. However, a person may refuse to disclose their last name. For confidentiality, information about the last name, first name and patronymic will not be stored along with the census form.

EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.

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