MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
One of the notable exhibits at the unique exhibition in the Presidential Library on Senate Square, which the pupils of the pre-university naval educational institutions in St. Petersburg got acquainted with, was the model of the submarine 677 of the project, presented by the Admiralty Shipyards at the exhibition “There will be ships!” dedicated to the 325th anniversary of the founding of the Navy and the 115th anniversary of the Russian submarine fleet, which opened in the Presidential Library on October 18 with the support of the United Shipbuilding Corporation JSC and the Main Command of the Navy.
Project 677 submarines belong to the fourth generation of non-nuclear submarines and today are recognized as the most modern and promising domestic non-nuclear submarines, both in terms of combat effectiveness and other tactical and technical characteristics. JSC “Admiralty Shipyards” is the only shipbuilding plant of this class.
Earlier, in St. Petersburg, the Presidential Library hosted the grand opening of the exhibition “There will be ships for sea !: to the 325th anniversary of the founding of the Navy and the 115th anniversary of the founding of the Russian submarine fleet.” The event was organized by the Presidential Library in cooperation with the United Shipbuilding Corporation (USC).
At the opening of the exhibition, greetings were made by the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in the North-West Federal District Alexander Gutsan, Commander-in-Chief of the Russian Navy, Admiral Nikolai Evmenov, Chairman of the Russian Historical Society Sergei Naryshkin, Chairman of the Board of Directors of JSC USC Georgy Poltavchenko and General Director of JSC USC Alexey Rakhmanov. The event was addressed by Deputy Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in the North-West Federal District Vadim Leontyev, Acting General Director of the Presidential Library Pavel Tereshchenko, Deputy Commander-in-Chief of the Navy Vice Admiral Vladimir Kasatonov, First Deputy General Director of USC for military shipbuilding Vladimir Korolev, General Director of JSC Rubin Central Design Bureau for Marine Engineering Igor Vilnit, Director of the Russian State Archives of the Navy Valentin Smirnov, Director of the M. Gorky Scientific Library of St. Petersburg State University Marina Karpova.
The opening ceremony of the exhibition was also attended by Vladimir Dorofeev, General Director of the Malakhit Design Bureau, and Igor Orlov, General Director of the Severnaya Verf Shipyard.
On behalf of the Commander-in-Chief of the Russian Navy, Admiral Nikolai Evmenov, the guests of the exhibition were greeted by Deputy Commander-in-Chief of the Russian Navy, Vice-Admiral Vladimir Kasatonov, who noted that “the exhibition once again underlines the great and glorious history of the creation and development of the Russian regular fleet. Based on more than three centuries of history, the modern Russian Navy is actively developing. Its composition began to be regularly replenished with the latest surface ships and submarines, possessing effective weapons and embodying the most advanced domestic technologies. Today, the ships of the Russian Navy reliably ensure security from sea and ocean directions, and perform the tasks of a naval presence in the World Ocean. The Russian Navy was, is and will be ocean-going. “
According to the first deputy general director of USC for military shipbuilding Vladimir Korolev, “the corporation possesses the most valuable artifacts of Peter the Great and other eras, strives to preserve the heritage of shipbuilders, primarily thanks to the museums that have been created at most of our enterprises. With the help of the exhibition, we are ready to acquaint as many people as possible with the outstanding achievements of the industry, so that new generations of shipbuilders can learn from vivid examples from its history. “
The exposition in the Presidential Library is timed immediately to two significant dates celebrated in 2021 and associated with the Russian Navy.
On October 20 (30), 1696, by the decree of the Boyar Duma, initiated by Peter I, a regular fleet was officially founded in Russia. The creation of the fleet and the beginning of regular domestic shipbuilding was the first successful state-significant project of the tsar-reformer. He laid the foundation for several shipyards, including the Admiralty and Solombala (now Krasnaya Kuznitsa) – the two oldest enterprises that are part of the United Shipbuilding Corporation.
For centuries Russia had the status of a great maritime power: new ship designs were developed, the sailing fleet gave way to steam and armored ones. The defeat in the Russo-Japanese War (1904-1905) was proof of the urgent need for a serious development of shipbuilding and modernization of the fleet. On March 11 (24), 1906, an order was issued to the Naval Department No. 52 on the inclusion in the classification of navy ships of the category of submarines that have proven their effectiveness in battle. This date is considered the day of foundation of the Russian submarine fleet.
The exhibition in the Presidential Library demonstrates the continuity of the Russian fleet from the times of Peter the Great to the present day and the modern achievements of USC shipbuilders. For the first time, a single exposition presents materials provided by libraries, museums, archives, as well as enterprises that are part of the largest shipbuilding corporation in Russia.
The first room displays rare editions of the 18th – 20th centuries, telling about the first steps of the Russian fleet created by Peter I. Among the book monuments of the 18th century are the first Naval Regulations of 1720, books about glorious sea exploits and colorful albums with images of ships of the 19th century.
The exposition of the second hall is dedicated to the history of underwater shipbuilding. Here you can see unique documents from the collection of the Russian State Archives of the Navy, as well as materials and models of submarines provided by museums of world famous shipyards and design bureaus that are part of the USC.
The exhibition “There will be ships !: the 325th anniversary of the founding of the Navy and the 115th anniversary of the founding of the Russian submarine fleet” became one of the winners of the All-Russian competition of projects among libraries for holding events dedicated to significant dates of national military history.
The partners of the exhibition are CDB MT Rubin, SPMBM Malakhit JSC, Admiralty Shipyards JSC, Baltic Plant JSC, Proletarsky Zavod PJSC, PO Sevmash JSC, Russian State Archives of the Navy, Central Naval Library, Information Historical and Scientific Center – Military Historical Library of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, Scientific Library named after M. Gorky of St. Petersburg State University, Museum of the History of Russian Submarine Forces named after A.I. Marinesko, Russian Federation of Ship Modeling Sports.
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EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and / or sentence structure not be perfect.