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October 25, 2021 07:04 am

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We have prepared online exhibitions, excursions, and lectures for users. They will tell about Soviet propaganda posters, the most popular caricatures of the enemy and pencil portraits of front-line soldiers.

How military propaganda posters influenced the fighting spirit of the Soviet people, how they set up marching art workshops on the front lines and how the Great Patriotic War appears on the canvases of painters – this and much more will be told in the Victory Museum on Poklonnaya Gora. We have prepared virtual exhibitions, excursions, lectures and film screenings for users.

All videos will be available for free on November 4th. They will be published on the museum website… No prior registration is required.

“Art played an important role in the Great Patriotic War. It strengthened the people’s faith in victory over fascism and inspired the army to feats. The artists depicted not only key battles, commanders and heroes, but also life in the rear, the faces of soldiers and ordinary people. Even after decades, looking at these works, we can feel the whole tragedy of the war. Special attention should be paid to campaign posters and cartoons. They acquired special significance, becoming a kind of weapon of struggle and a means of raising the patriotic spirit. We propose to get to know better the art of the war years and find out with what difficulty it was created, ”said the director of the Victory Museum Alexander Shkolnik.

The online program will be opened by two exhibitions. They will be published on the museum’s website at 14:00. The first, “War Poster”, is a retrospective of propaganda posters that were produced in the USSR in huge numbers. For example, viewers will be told about the history of the creation of the famous poster “The Motherland Calls!” The image of a female homeland calling for protection and defense was created by the artist Irakli Toidze. Subsequently, it became one of the most widespread in Soviet propaganda. The exposition will also show more rare drawings intended for workers in the rear: “Come on, take it! ..” and “We have the same sight – Berlin!” In addition, the exhibition “War Poster” included archival photographs, which depict the everyday life of front-line soldiers and civilians. In total, 70 digitized materials can be seen at the exhibition.

The second exhibition, “Battle Pencil”, tells the story of the creative association of the same name of Leningrad artists, which produced military propaganda posters and collections of satirical drawings in 1939-1945. The selection includes about 20 drawings. Combination of poster and popular print styles is typical for the works of “Fighting Pencil”. Laconic texts and satirical plots, ridiculing the Nazis, found a warm response from people. Even power outages did not prevent the release of new posters, they continued to be printed by hand. Copies of the best were pasted on the streets of besieged Leningrad.

Then everyone is invited to the screening of the feature film “Air Cabby” (1943, directed by Herbert Rappaport). The plot revolves around the love of a military pilot and an opera singer. The broadcast of the film will begin at 15:00.

And at 18:00, web users will be offered to join the excursions “Frontline portrait. The Fate of a Soldier ”. This is a cycle of 13 videos recorded at the exhibition of the same name at the Victory Museum. The audience will be shown the work of artists who were at the forefront. Most often, these are pencil sketches made in a hurry. The guide will explain that it was necessary to draw in short breaks between fights, and sometimes it was minutes. The artists even set up special traveling workshops in cars to follow the army and continue their work along the way. In total, the museum’s collection contains about 500 portrait sketches created by Nikolai Pilshchikov, Pavel Kirpichev, Nikolai Zhukov and others. Participants will also get acquainted with the fates of the people depicted in the pictures. Search engines managed to establish their identities.

Without art, history is just a collection of facts and events. Literature, music, painting allow modern people to feel the atmosphere of the war years, as if to survive them on their own. At the lectures, “Gallery of Victory” will tell you what the Great Patriotic War was depicted on the picturesque canvases. For example, the lecturers will talk about the films “The First Fireworks” by Viktor Makeev, “The Beginning of the War” by Mikhail Rudakov and “Occupation” by Yevgeny Kozhanov. A total of 13 lectures will appear on the site; they will be published at 18:30.

The online program will end at 19:00 with videos “Star Tours”. In short videos, celebrities talk about the exploits of their ancestors, recall the difficulties faced by their family members during the war. Viewers will see TV presenters Leonid Yakubovich, Maria Kiseleva and Andrey Dobrov, singer Yevgeny Kungurov, poet Alexander Shaganov and actress Olga Kabo.

The Victory Museum is part of the memorial complex on Poklonnaya Hill. It contains over 300 thousand exhibits. About 400 samples of military equipment and weapons from the period of the Great Patriotic War and the second half of the twentieth century are on display in open areas. The museum complex includes the expositions “Feat of the People” and “Feat of the Army”, the diorama complex, the Hall of Memory and Mourning, the Hall of Historical Truth, the Hall of Generals, the Hall of Fame, an art gallery and four cinemas.

The years of the Great Patriotic War left an indelible mark on the hearts of people. Each family has its own exploits, heroes, tragic and fateful events that are still remembered. The city helps to preserve and honor the memory of the war and Victory, as well as those who helped protect the world from fascism.

The names of the heroes are immortalized on the map of Moscow. Almost every district has streets named after those who fought the Nazis. 164 streets, avenues, squares and lanes of Moscow are named after the defenders of the Motherland. A special mos.ru project is dedicated to these toponyms. “Living memory”… You can read the stories of front-line soldiers, told in the first person, in a special project of the mos.ru portal “Soldier’s Word”.

This year marks 80 years of the legendary battle for Moscow. How the capital was defended, you can find out in projectthe mos.ru portal.

EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.

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