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MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –

Today, during a morning conference call with the command staff of the fleet, the commander of the Northern Fleet, Admiral Alexander Moiseyev, congratulated the personnel of the oldest fleet formation, the 161st submarine brigade, on their 88th birthday. He wished the submariners every success in combat training and in the fulfillment of the assigned tasks.

The history of the 161st Red Banner Order of Ushakov, I degree, of the submarine brigade of the Kola Flotilla of diverse forces of the Northern Fleet dates back to 1933, when, simultaneously with the formation of the Northern Military Flotilla, the creation of its submarine forces began. To this end, two submarines were sent to the North along the White Sea-Baltic Canal under construction as part of the Special Purpose Expedition: D-1 (Decembrist) and D-2 (Narodovolets). In October of the same year, the 1st separate submarine division was formed. The submarine brigade, consisting of a command and two divisions, was created in February 1938 on the basis of the first separate submarine division. The port of Polyarnoe (since 1939, the city of Polyarny) on the shore of the Catherine harbor of the Kola Bay of the Barents Sea was determined as the point of permanent deployment of the connection. The brigade commander was appointed Captain 1st Rank Konstantin Griboyedov.

Initially, the brigade consisted of submarine divisions of the D (Decembrist) and Shch (Pike) submarines. In 1938, “D-1” made a cruise lasting 120 days and over 11 thousand nautical miles. Later, during the Soviet-Finnish war of 1939-1940, she made three military campaigns. Also in 1938, the submarine “D-3” sailed under the ice for 30 minutes, for the first time in the history of the Navy, having carried out ice sailing.

In 1939, the formation included two divisions of submarines of the “Sh” and “M” (“Baby”) types.

At the beginning of World War II, the brigade was reinforced with several submarines of the L (Leninets), S (Stalinets) and K (Cruising) types and became the largest formation of the Northern Fleet. In 1942-44, it was replenished with ships from other fleets and built on voluntary contributions from workers and funds earned on subbotniks by Komsomol members and youth of the Novosibirsk, Chelyabinsk and Yaroslavl regions.

During the war, the brigade’s submarines, based in the Yekaterininskaya harbor, actively operated on enemy communications. They disrupted his military transport in the Barents Sea, covered the allied convoys from the attacks of enemy surface ships. Aiding the troops of the Karelian Front, the brigade landed reconnaissance groups on the enemy’s coast, conducted reconnaissance and carried out other combat missions. The submariners’ actions were distinguished by their innovative tactics. They systematically made daring breakthroughs into fjords, ports and to places of sheltered anchorages of enemy ships, inflicted sudden torpedo strikes on them and secretly carried out mine laying, boldly floated to the surface of the sea and sank enemy transports and ships with artillery fire.

In March 1951, the Northern Fleet’s SLBM was transformed into the 33rd Red Banner Order of Ushakov, I degree, the submarine division of the Northern Fleet.

During the Great Patriotic War, the brigade was commanded by Rear Admirals Nikolai Vinogradov (until December 1943) and Ivan Kolyshkin.

On July 24, 1943, the unit was awarded the Order of the Red Banner, and on November 3, 1944, the Order of Ushakov, I degree, for the exemplary performance of combat missions of the command on the front of the fight against the German invaders and the valor and courage shown at the same time.

Most of the brigade’s submarines that took part in the hostilities at sea were awarded the Orders of the Red Banner, and many were awarded guards ranks. The submarine S-56 under the command of Lieutenant Commander Georgy Shchedrin became both the Red Banner and the Guards. The entire personnel of the brigade were awarded orders and medals. 7 officers were awarded the title of Hero of the Soviet Union: Magomet Gadzhiev, Ivan Kolyshkin, Ivan Kucherenko, Nikolai Lunin, Valentin Starikov, Israel Fisanovich, Grigory Shchedrin.

Two warships of the brigade at once became monuments and museums: the Red Banner submarine K-21 – in Severomorsk and the Red Banner Guards submarine S-56 – in Vladivostok.

On March 15, 1951, the submarine brigade of the Northern Fleet was reorganized into the 33rd Red Banner Order of Ushakov submarine division as part of the 161st and 162nd submarine brigades. In 1961, the 161st brigade became part of the 4th submarine squadron. Since 1995 – in the 40th submarine division of the Kola flotilla of diverse forces. In 2001, the diesel-electric submarine division was reduced to a brigade.

Since 1986, the brigade began to take into service the newest, at that time, submarines of project 877 “Halibut”, which are successfully serving today. The crew of the Vladikavkaz submarine is a permanent participant in the naval parades in Kronstadt in honor of the Russian Navy Day. In addition to performing combat missions in the near and middle sea zone, the crews of submarines of the famous formation annually participate in the rescue exercises of the Northern Fleet to provide assistance to an emergency submarine lying on the ground, which take place in the Eina Bay of the Motovsky Bay of the Barents Sea.

The submariners of the brigade have mastered almost all types of diesel-electric submarines produced in the USSR and Russia since the 1930s. In recent years, new submarines of projects 636.3 Varshavyanka and 677 Lada have been tested and operated as part of the formation.

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EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and / or sentence structure not be perfect.

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