MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
October 28, 2021 8:03 am
Press Service of the Department of Cultural Heritage of the City of Moscow
The facade of a two-story 19th century mansion with a basement and mezzanines stands out for its striking decoration. It is decorated with floral ornaments, mascarons, figurines of cupids and eagles, and female statues.
The historical appearance of the facade of the 19th century manor building on Zemlyanoy Val Street (house 56, building 3) has been returned. It is also known as the Panteleev house (by the name of the owner) or the Duvanov house (by the name of the architect). The building has the status of an identified cultural heritage site and combines the severity of classicism forms and exquisite Baroque decorations. The restoration is carried out under the supervision of the Moscow City Heritage specialists.
“We are pleased to announce the completion of an important stage in the complex restoration of the facade of the Panteleev house on Zemlyanoy Val – the restorers have completely put in order the graceful facades of the historic building. The forests have already been dismantled, which means that city residents can admire the result of painstaking work. Specialists paid special attention to the restoration and recreation of the lost stucco decoration. The masters were guided by the surviving analogs and archival photographs “, – said the head
The facade stands out for its bright and unusual decoration. Its protruding part (risalit) is decorated with pilasters and floral ornaments. The risalit is crowned with a small triangular pediment with a cartouche (a decorative element in the form of an unfolded scroll of paper), as well as sculptures of putti – little boys (or cupids).
Cupids, as well as eagles with open wings, adorn the semicircular frames of the three central windows on the second floor. In addition, many mascarons with the faces of women and satyrs can be seen on the façade. Mascarons are decorative relief elements in the shape of the head of a person, animal or mythical creature.
One of the windows is framed by two female statues, stylized as antique ones. The first symbolizes art (with a sculptural bust in hand), and the second – wealth and prosperity (with a cornucopia in hand). Both refer to the personality of Philip Panteleev, who was the owner of the house and the sculpture workshop.
As Alexei Yemelyanov noted, the historical appearance of the sample of the second half of the 19th century has been returned to the architectural monument. In the course of research, the true shade of the walls of the house was established and returned – a soft peach.
During the restoration of the facades, brickwork was removed. The specialists put in order the plinth, windows, doors and roof. The stucco molding was restored in the workshop, since the plaster layer was in an unsatisfactory condition, and the wooden frame of the second floor needed serious restoration work. Based on archival materials, two female statues, an interfloor cornice, and a pediment with a cupid figurine were recreated. The roof was replaced and the basement of the house was restored.
Who created the magnificent stucco
The classicist mansion was erected in 1843-1845 by an unknown architect. The lower part of the building was built of bricks, the upper one was wooden, and the facades were covered with plaster. For a long time, the estate was owned by a philanthropist, industrialist and a representative of the merchant dynasty Gerasim Khludov.
The building acquired its striking appearance at the end of the 19th century. Then it was owned by Philip Panteleev, a wealthy peasant from the Vladimir province. He decided to rebuild the mansion. The overhaul project was undertaken by the architect Konstantin Duvanov. Panteleev was the owner of the sculpture workshop, which was located in the estate. All baroque stucco moldings for the home were made in the same place.
In the house itself, the owner arranged three apartments. Housing on the ground floor and the mezzanine was rented out. The owner lived on the second floor.
What remains to be done
The restoration began in January 2020. It is assumed that the entire range of works will be completed in 2022. Now specialists are working on interiors. They are restoring stoves, the main staircase, stucco molding, oak parquet in the ceremonial rooms of the second floor.
The interior decoration of the house is distinguished by the richness and variety of stucco decoration. The premises on the ground floor are decorated with wide ceiling cornices with floral ornaments. The bas-reliefs that decorate the ceilings of the rooms on the second floor depict various flowers and plants, birds, and cupids. In one of the rooms, which was supposedly used as a musical living room, the ceiling decoration contains images of musical instruments – pipes, violins and mandolins.
Remaining fragments were found in the hall on the ground floor elegant mosaic floor.
The mosaic with a geometric pattern is made of pieces of marble in three colors. It has been well preserved to this day. The floor is also awaiting restoration work.
The current restoration is the first in the history of the building. After the revolution, it housed the management of the Moscow provincial engineer, and then various institutions. In addition, the mansion housed a hotel for some time. Manor outbuildings of the 19th – early 20th centuries have not survived to this day.
All work is carried out in accordance with the project approved by the Moscow Department of Cultural Heritage. And it also provides for the adaptation of an architectural monument to modern needs. A hotel will be opened in the house.
The restoration of historic buildings is an important part of the improvement of the urban environment. Many cultural heritage sites are taking on a new life, they are being adapted for modern use, while preserving the appearance of Moscow. Since 2011, more than 1,600 cultural heritage sites have been restored in the capital.
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.