MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
This year, the personnel and veterans of institutions and bodies of the penal system celebrate the 58th anniversary of the establishment of pre-trial detention centers and prisons. The choice of the date is explained by the fact that on October 31, 1963, by the decision of the Collegium of the Ministry of Public Order of the RSFSR, a new type of institution was formed – a pre-trial detention center. The holiday was established in 2006.
Today, over 16 thousand employees of regime services are serving in pre-trial detention centers, these are the people who directly ensure the order and conditions of detention, are in daily contact with suspects and accused. Thus, there are, on average, 6 people per one employee of the security service from the number of persons in a pre-trial detention center.
Working in a pre-trial detention center is not easy. Unlike correctional colonies, life is in full swing here, like in a big metropolis, without stopping for a second. Suspects and defendants arrive and depart around the clock. For each, it is necessary to draw up many documents, provide food, clothing, conduct a medical examination and divide into cells, guided by a whole range of factors. Starting from the presence of a criminal record to bad habits and psychological characteristics. The fact that they have to work with a large number of people in a confined space brings its own difficulties to the everyday life of employees of pre-trial detention centers.
For the majority of citizens suspected of crimes, a pre-trial detention center is the first institution of the penal system that they encounter. In this connection, increased responsibility is assigned to the employees.
As already mentioned, the reception of suspects and accused in the pre-trial detention center is carried out around the clock. Citizens newly admitted to the pre-trial detention center are provided with information about their rights and obligations, the regime of detention, disciplinary requirements, the daily routine, the procedure for submitting proposals, applications and complaints, as well as the possibility of receiving psychological assistance.
Upon admission to a pre-trial detention center, persons in custody undergo an initial medical examination. All tests for socially significant diseases are taken from them. After that, they are quarantined. It is important to say that some citizens first learn about their serious illnesses at the entrance control in a pre-trial detention center. After being in the quarantine room, the suspects, the accused are placed in cells in accordance with the requirements of the legislation on separation. Smokers, if possible, move away from nonsmokers, accomplices in criminal cases are separated so that they never meet, and previously convicted persons are separated from those who first entered the institution of the penal system. Those who are prone to all sorts of crimes are put on preventive records. For example, telephone scammers and those who are involved in such crimes are on the preventive record in the pre-trial detention center.
Working in a pre-trial detention center is life-threatening. Unfortunately, there are times when people under investigation attack employees. And statistics tell us that from year to year the population of the pre-trial detention center is getting worse in quality. The humanization of criminal legislation has led to the fact that, as a rule, people for grave and especially grave crimes are placed in correctional colonies and under arrest. The number of attacks on employees for 9 months of this year has almost doubled compared to the same period last year – from 50 cases to 97 cases.
To maintain law and order, more than 50,000 stationary video cameras are currently installed in pre-trial detention centers. The employees have more than 10 thousand portable video recorders in service; more than 1900 portable and 400 stationary metal detectors; 149 X-ray television installations, of which 122 are for screening parcels, parcels and personal belongings of persons who arrived at the institution; more than 80 detectors that allow detecting cellular communications, hidden in a clever way, in various things and objects without violating their integrity.
As of October 1, 2021, there are 204 pre-trial detention centers and 75 rooms in the penitentiary system operating as a pre-trial detention center.
Press bureau of the Federal Penitentiary Service of Russia
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and / or sentence structure not be perfect.