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5 November 2021, 09:06

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The tower turns 54 on November 5.

The Ostankino TV tower, one of the most famous sights of the capital, turns 54 on November 5. It is still one of the tallest buildings in Europe. Portal “Get to know Moscow”invites you to learn about how the main symbol of Russian television was designed and built, as well as recall the key events in its history.

Basic facts about the Ostankino Tower can be studied in the format of an interactive journey in a thematic special project… Also available audio guide and a video tour. And to consolidate the knowledge gained will help online quest.

The thematic special project on the Discover Moscow portal is especially popular – it has already been viewed more than 70 thousand times. For example, with its help, users can find out what Fidel Castro thought about the TV tower, how the tower protects the city from thunderstorms, and also how fast the elevator moves to the top of the building. On the image of the tower, users will see special marker points. If you click on one of them, help information will appear on the screen with a description of an interesting fact related to the TV tower. Also on the portal, users will find an audio guide and a thematic quiz dedicated to the Ostankino tower.

The inverted lily and the main city lightning rod

The Ostankino Tower is the tallest building in Europe and the fourth tallest television tower in the world. The total height of the tower is 540 meters.

The TV tower was designed by the famous Soviet engineer Nikolai Nikitin. According to legend, he came up with the design of the tower in just one night, and the design was based on an analogy with an inverted lily – a thick stem and petals-legs. The tower was erected from 1960 to 1967, technologies that were unique for that time were used during the construction – the solution became revolutionary in the creation of high-rise buildings. In addition to specialized equipment, the building is equipped with high-speed elevators that move at a speed of seven meters per second. Cuban leader Fidel Castro, who visited the Ostankino TV Tower in 1972, was impressed by the height and equipment of the building. In the book of reviews, the commander wrote: “By this wonderful engineering and technical structure, one can judge the enormous material achievements of the Soviet people.”

The main purpose of the Ostankino TV Tower is on-air television and radio broadcasting, but it also serves as the main Moscow lightning rod. It receives from 40 to 50 lightning strikes a year. At the same time, the incredibly strong field of the structure repels the electric charge, and it goes down parallel to the tower barrel.

Among Muscovites and guests of the capital, the observation deck of the Ostankino TV tower is popular, from where a panoramic panorama of Moscow opens. It is located at an altitude of 337 meters. Over time, the TV tower also became an event space: in the 1990s, races were regularly held along its stairs (participants had to climb 1704 steps), and once 30 base jumpers jumped from it at the same time, setting a world record for skydiving from buildings.

Visitors to the Discover Moscow portal can find out more useful information and visually familiarize themselves with the history of the tower at special project pageand also in the section “Building”… And in the “Quests” section, users will find quiz about the Ostankino tower. Here are 10 questions about the design and construction of a unique structure.

The Ostankino Tower appeared in the Russpass travel service

“Get to know Moscow” Is a joint project of the metropolitan departments information technologies, culture, cultural heritage, education and science. Interactive city guide contains photographs and descriptions of the most famous buildings, monuments, museums. Here you can find 21 virtual tours and 86 quests. Also on the portal and in the “Know Moscow” application, there are more than 200 thematic routes in various districts of the capital. They are available both on the portal and in the mobile application.

EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.

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