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14 November 2021, 09:02

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The park was given the status of a specially protected natural area of ​​regional significance.

The Natural and Historical Park “Kosinsky” turns 15 this year. It was founded on November 14, 2006. The park was given the status of a specially protected natural area of ​​regional significance. The area occupied by it is more than 300 hectares.

This is a unique territory that includes the valley of the Bannaya Kanava stream and the valley of the Rudnevka river with adjacent territories (open fields of fields and small forests), as well as the Kosinskoye three-lake: White, Black and Svyatoe lakes – a rare natural object within the city.

White, Black and Svyatoe are the only natural reservoirs within the capital. Typical coastal aquatic vegetation has been preserved on their shores. Each of the reservoirs has its own ecological communities.

Red Book inhabitants of the park

The Kosinsky Park is home to about 150 species of vascular plants, 14 of which are included in the Red Book of Moscow. Also, almost 100 species of animals are noted, 47 of which are included in the Red Book of Moscow.

The conservation status of the park makes it possible to create the necessary conditions for the preservation of lakes. The park is of key importance for the nesting of rare bird species. Wetland complexes of lakes and rivers, open biotopes of dry lands and slopes, copses and adjacent groves are habitats for a variety of fish and mammals, many of which are rare and endangered species.

Vegetation on the banks of water bodies

Strong oaks and willows with a trunk diameter of more than one meter, poplars and black alder have been planted near the shores of Lake White. A small number of species listed in the Red Book of Moscow grows on Svyatoy Lake: marsh cranberries, marsh myrtle, and common podbele. As the waters of the lake become saturated with mineral salts, willow, saber and cattail grow on the raft. Black Lake consists of two reaches: a lake and a peat quarry, connected to each other by a narrow strait with islets. In the low-lying swamp of the Black Lake, willows, cattails, reeds, forest reeds, sedges, telorez, snake mountaineer, calla, cicuta, or poisonous milestones grow. There are many wild raspberries and telipteris ferns in the wet forest.

The valley of the Rudnevka River with adjacent forest islands, picturesque dry and floodplain meadows is also interesting. The left bank of the river is decorated with powerful old poplars.

Animals and Birds

Here you can find moles and hedgehogs, mouse-like rodents, hares, foxes. Mallard duck, red-headed duck, crested duck, black-necked grebe nest in the park. A colony of black-headed gulls has appeared on the peaty islands of the Black Lake. River cricket, nightingale, garden warbler, bluethroat, yellow-headed wagtail and reed bunting live in coastal thickets and copses. During the migration period, the lakes are visited by the great grebe (crested grebe), gray goose, pintail, broad-bearer and waders. In the valley of the Rudnevka River, there are quail, shrike, lapwing, kestrel, hawks (sparrowhawk and goshawk), lark. On the shores of Lake Beloe, wetlands have been preserved – a habitat and nesting place for wild ducks: mallard, gogol, red-headed duck and crested ducks.

EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.

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