MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
15 November 2021, 09:01
Photo by Y. Ivanko. Mos.ru
The selection includes seven buildings.
On the city tourist portal Discover Moscow appeared compilationarchitectural monuments of the capital in the style of constructivism. She became the second in the series “Architectural Styles of Moscow”. The presented creations of Soviet architects were created at the turn of the 1920s – 1930s and have striking features: despite the solidity, the buildings look light due to the strict geometry of forms. Site visitors can see photographs of constructivist buildings in the capital, as well as read information about them.
ZIL Cultural Center
The Palace of Culture of the I.A. Likhachev had a library, cinema and observatory. Today it houses the ZIL Cultural Center.
According to the idea of the architects of the Vesnin brothers, the complex was supposed to consist of several buildings, but a separate building for the theater was never erected. The house has a free layout, support pillars instead of walls, striped glazing and a flat roof. It houses an observatory with a sliding metal dome, which still receives visitors.
The Shukhov Tower has become one of the most famous architectural examples of constructivism. According to legend, engineer Vladimir Shukhov designed an unusual structure of a repeater tower in the image of a wastepaper basket. At one time, the structure even withstood a collision with a small mail plane and was not damaged. Now access to the tower is limited, but it can be viewed from Shukhov Street.
House of Narkomfin
The Narkomfin House was conceived as a transitional type of housing: from the old principle of resettlement to a common life. The building was erected in 1928-1930 by architects Moisey Ginzburg and Ignatius Milinis. The house was designed so that its residents feel community and spend all their free time on the territory of the complex: they dined together, relaxed, and raised their children. At the same time, the apartments were conceived to be emphatically small so that the tenants did not have a reason to lead a bourgeois way of life. This is what ultimately led to the fact that the house lost popularity. Now you can get here if you sign up for an excursion.
House-workshop of Konstantin Melnikov
The architect Konstantin Melnikov designed this building so that the family’s living space would be in harmony with the workshop. The result is two cylinders built into each other with multiple hexagonal windows. On the first floor there is a kitchen, on the second – a living room, and on the last – a workshop with a terrace. Since 2014, the house has been operating as a museum: you can see the innovative solutions of Konstantin Melnikov from the inside by taking a guided tour (by appointment).
The main building of the art cluster, located today on the territory of a former industrial enterprise, is a unique building of the avant-garde era, the so-called automatic bakery. Engineer Georgy Marsakov developed it in the 1920s. The main design feature was the circular conveyor, which optimized the production of bread. It is thanks to him that the building has a cylindrical shape. In total, Georgy Marsakov created six such objects in Moscow, but only one of them received a second life in the new century.
House on the embankment
The residential complex was built in 1931 by the architect Boris Iofan. The house on the embankment has become an architectural reflection of the life ideal of the communist era. Despite the high status of the residents of the building (the building was built for the party elite), it was supposed to become a communal space. The house opened the largest cinema in the USSR at that time, “Udarnik”, as well as a library, a department store and a club. Now the building is still residential, on the ground floor there is a memorial that reminds of the tragic history of the house: in the Stalin era, many of its residents were repressed.
Jewish Museum and Tolerance Center
This building was created as a garage and was part of the architectural complex of the Bakhmetyevsky bus fleet. In 1926, the architect Konstantin Melnikov specially experimented with 30 trucks and buses to create an ideal traffic pattern inside the building.
Administrative offices and auto repair shops were also located under one roof. All four facades are different. The most famous is the front facade with seven entrance gates facing Obraztsova Street, where the entrance to the Jewish Museum and Tolerance Center is located.
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.