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MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –

On November 17 in St. Petersburg at the Central Naval Museum named after Emperor Peter the Great the exhibition “Marine painter Alexander Efimov. 1905 – 1964 “, dedicated to the life and work of the first head of the Studio of marine painters, which he headed from 1953 to 1962. The exhibition presents the works of Alexander Efimov, his personal belongings, as well as ship models.

Alexander Alekseevich Efimov – painter, candidate of art history. Was born in St. Petersburg. In 1926 he graduated from the school of ceramics and glass making, in 1928 he entered the Leningrad VKhUTEIN. In 1936 he graduated from the Institute of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture named after I.? E. Repin with the assignment of the specialty artist-painter. From 1953 to 1963 he worked in the Leningrad group of marine painters. Member of the Leningrad Union of Artists. In 1949 he was awarded the degree of candidate of art history. From 1937 to 1938 he taught at the Leningrad Secondary Art School, in 1944-1952. taught at the Institute of Painting, Sculpture and Architecture named after I.E. Repin.

The culmination of A.A. Efimova began work in the Studio of marine painters, created by order of September 10, 1952, the Minister of the Navy, Admiral N.G. Kuznetsova. In 1953, it was headed by Alexander Efimov.

The artists got acquainted with the life of the Soviet fleet, the Charter, the routine of ship life, studied the types of ships, their design differences. An important part was the sketch work on the ships of the Navy, where the sketches and sketches necessary for the paintings were performed. The issue of studying the color palette of the sea and the state of water was especially highlighted.

Artists who know and love the naval genre and the Navy were enrolled in the Studio. The studio was tasked with reflecting the history, heroic deeds of military sailors of the past, life, everyday life and combat training of the modern Navy by means of fine art.

The students were provided with consulting assistance, organized creative business trips to Kronstadt, Sevastopol, Feodosia. So in 1953, the head of the Studio of marine painters, candidate of art sciences, assistant professor of painting, Major A.A. Efimov and the artist foreman L.K. Melnikov.

In the 1950s A.A. Efimov painted many monumental paintings associated with the Navy: “Sailors in the battles for Budapest”, “Landing of troops”, “Target is covered”. a significant work of this period was the painting “Participation of the sailors of the Onega flotilla in the liberation of Petrozavodsk on June 29, 1944” from the collection of the Central Naval Museum. To create this work, the artist traveled to Petrozavodsk to get acquainted with the places of the battles of the Onega flotilla on June 29, 1944. The picture shows the moment when the boats approach the pier of Petrozavodsk. In a complex composition, the foreground depicts a boat approaching a smoky pier, along which sailors who have landed are running.

In December 1962, the Leningrad studio was disbanded, and its officers were demobilized. Artist V.A. Pechatin in February 1963 sent L.F. Ilyichev and the Commander-in-Chief of the USSR Navy, Admiral of the Fleet of the Soviet Union S.G. Letters to Gorshkov, in which he proves the need to restore the creative organization of marine painters in the interests of the Navy.

By the decision of the Commander-in-Chief of the USSR Navy, in March 1963, the Studio of Marine Painters was recreated on the basis of the Central Naval Museum, where artists still paint pictures dedicated to the Navy.

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EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and / or sentence structure not be perfect.

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