MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
On the basis of the Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University (IKBFU) in the Kaliningrad region, the Rosyanka carbon polygon was opened. It became the third facility officially opened this year as part of a pilot project of the Ministry of Education and Science, and the first carbonic polygon not only with an onshore, but also with a sea section.
“The pilot program to create a network of carbon polygons in Russia continues. This year we have already opened two facilities in the Tyumen and Sverdlovsk regions. And today the first offshore carbon testing ground in the Kaliningrad region has begun work. Thanks to this, our scientists will have unique data for research and development of new technologies for assessing carbon balance and sequestering greenhouse gas emissions from decay of drifting algae and marine debris. It is important that not only scientists and students of the IKBFU will work at the test site, but also employees of the institutes of oceanology and forest management of the Russian Academy of Sciences, as well as industrial and technological partners. This will ensure the fastest achievement of the most effective result. In total, within the framework of the program, we plan to create 14 carbon polygons covering various natural ecosystems of the country, ”said Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Chernyshenko.
“The network of carbon polygons is gradually expanding. In the near future they will be created in Ugra, Yamal, Bashkiria, Voronezh, Tomsk regions. Our goal is to cover all types of ecosystems to create the scientific basis for a national system for monitoring greenhouse gas flows. It is necessary to assess the real carbon balance of the country’s territory. Russia should become one of the leaders in the sequestration industry, ”stressed the Minister of Science and Higher Education Valery Falkov.
The Rosyanka carbon polygon is located on two plots with a total area of 255.4 hectares. The onshore site is located on the Vittgirrensky peat bog in the Slavsky region, where scientists and students will assess the carbon balance of the peat bog and water it to increase sequestration of greenhouse gases from the atmosphere. The international PeatRus project “Restoring peat bogs in Russia to prevent fires and mitigate climate change” is being implemented there.
A mobile solar-powered laboratory has been installed on the site, where scientists can do express tests of peat, water and air samples, as well as two caravans and two tents for the accommodation of employees working on a rotational basis, and for conducting scientific and educational events. Together with the specialists, the IKBFU students and postgraduates are working at the test site – the first studies to clarify the composition, type and thickness of peat, as well as to clarify the relief and vegetation map, were carried out at the end of August.
“The policy of sustainable, including green, development requires appropriate human resources. Within the framework of the Consortium for the Study of the World Ocean, uniting three “marine” universities (IKBFU, FEFU and SevSU), a unique network master’s program “Geoecology of the Ocean and Coastal Territories” was developed. Thus, we involve our students in real scientific tasks and work in collaboration with the leading scientific centers of the country, ”said IKBFU Rector Alexander Fedorov.
The offshore section of the landfill is located on the eastern slope of the Gdansk Basin in the Baltic Sea, where a methane anomaly is observed. The content of this greenhouse gas, the effect of which is 25 times higher than that of CO2, in precipitation at the bottom of the depression is almost 10 times higher than the background values. Here they will study the temporal variability of carbon fluxes in the marine environment, taking into account seasonal variability, develop methods for monitoring emission and sequestration of greenhouse gases in the marine environment, as well as technology for producing biofuels and biomass of algae and marine debris.
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.