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18 November 2021, 12:00

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Russian scientist Corresponding Member of the Imperial St. Petersburg Academy of Sciences D.I. Mendeleev. Portrait, 1878-1879. Main Archive of Moscow

The great scientist also dealt with issues of agriculture and the oil industry.

Dmitry Mendeleev is one of the most significant scientists in world history. The periodic system of chemical elements developed by him became the greatest discovery of the 19th century and was recognized as the fundamental law of the universe. The documents preserved in the Glavarkhiv once again confirm both the authority and the fame of the Russian researcher.

In addition to organic and physical chemistry, the scientist’s scientific interests included biology, theoretical aeronautics and navigation. He also worked on the development of icebreakers to reach the North Pole, was interested in agriculture and the oil industry.

In his doctoral dissertation “On the combination of alcohol with water” Dmitry Mendeleev proved that the ideal alcohol content in vodka is 40 degrees.

On November 18, 1868, on the initiative of Dmitry Mendeleev, the Russian Chemical Society was founded. Its first membership included 35 chemists from Moscow, St. Petersburg, Warsaw, Kiev, Kazan, Odessa and Kharkov. All participants had to pay a fee of 10 rubles. Newcomers were admitted to the society only on the recommendation of three current members. By 1917, the number of members of the Russian Chemical Society reached 565 people.

The activities of the organization and chemical discoveries were covered by the journal of the Russian Chemical Society. Issues were published every month, except for the summer, that is, nine times a year.

Dmitry Mendeleev achieved a worldwide calling during his lifetime, his scientific title included more than a hundred titles. He had great authority in the scientific field, was an honorary doctor of many universities and an honorary member of the academies of sciences and scientific societies of the leading countries of the world.

In 1880, Dmitry Mendeleev was elected an honorary member of Moscow University and the Imperial Moscow Technical School (today – Moscow State Technical University named after N.E. Bauman) for his “glorious scientific activity”.

The scientist died at the beginning of 1907. In his memory, the Russian Physicochemical Society at St. Petersburg University organized the first Mendeleev Congress on General and Applied Chemistry. The program of the event has been preserved in the Moscow Glavarchiv.

The scientist died in early 1907, and St. Petersburg University organized a special Mendeleev congress on general and applied chemistry in his memory. The program of this event has been preserved in the Moscow Glavarchiv.

EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.

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