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MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –

In the parks of the capital you can find hedgehogs, foxes, beavers and owls.

Since the beginning of the year, Mospriroda specialists have carried out more than 270 counts in the natural areas of the capital. Among the animals in the Red Data Book, the most common hare, fox, hedgehog, beaver, as well as the gray owl, long-tailed tit, sparrowhawk and goshawk.

You can learn more about rare animals and plants in Moscow using the online project of the city Department of Natural Resources and Environmental Protection… Daily on a page on a social network “Instagram”make publications about one representative of flora or fauna in the Red Data Book.

Common hedgehog

During the counts this year, specialists often saw hedgehogs. It is very interesting to observe them in nature. The needles of hedgehogs can reach a length of three centimeters, and their number sometimes reaches six thousand. A bundle of muscles fits to each needle, lifting it in case of danger.

We managed to see hedgehogs in the Tsaritsyno natural-historical park, the Kuskovo forest park, the Zelenogradsky and Altufevsky complex reserves, the Izmailovo, Kosinsky, Kuzminki-Lyublino, Tushinsky, Moskvoretsky “,” Bitsevsky forest “and” Ostankino “. Hedgehogs are included in the Red Book of the city under the second category.

European hare and white hare

Both hares have a protective gray color in summer, but experts can distinguish them: the hare is usually larger than the hare in size, the hind legs and ears of the hare are shorter than that of the hare. The white hare lives mainly in the forest, while the hare prefers open spaces.

According to the qualifications of the Red Book of Moscow, the hare was assigned the first category, and the white-haired – the second. The Rusak was seen in the Zelenogradsky complex, the Kosinsky, Izmailovo, Bitsevsky forest, Kuzminki-Lyublino, Moskvoretsky natural and historical parks, on the territory of the Serebryany Bor nature reserve, in the Dolgie ponds ”, nature reserve“ Severny ”and Butovo forest park. And the white hare is in the Bitsevsky forest.

River beaver

Beavers traditionally live in families in the Setun River Valley nature reserve in the Novo-Peredelkino region. In the floodplain of the Aleshinka River, they constructed the largest dam in the capital. The rodents were observed by specialists in the natural and historical parks “Pokrovskoe-Streshnevo”, “Ostankino” “Moskvoretsky”, in the complex reserve “Zelenogradsky”, on the territory of the natural monument “Serebryany Bor” and in the faunistic reserve “Brateevskaya Poima”. In the Red Book of Moscow, river beavers have the third category of rarity.


Red fox is the most widespread and largest species of the fox genus. They can often be seen in the natural areas of Moscow.

Foxes are found in the natural and historical parks “Tsaritsyno”, “Ostankino”, “Moskvoretsky”, “Kuzminki-Lyublino”, “Izmailovo”, Bitsevsky forest, the landscape reserve “Butovsky”, faunistic reserves “Brateevskaya floodplain”, “Dolgie ponds”, nature reserves “Severny” and “Valley of the Setun River”.

Gray Owl and Long-eared Owl

The Tawny Owl is a medium-sized owl distributed throughout Europe and Central Asia. In Moscow, this species is listed in the Red Book under the second category of rarity. The color of an adult owl allows it to remain almost invisible, merging with the bark of trees. In nature, the gray owl has two main color variants, or morphs – gray and red. It is noteworthy that chicks from one brood are colored in different ways. And the long-eared owl is distinguished by bunches of feathers on its head, which it can move: raise, lower or press tightly to the head.

The Gray Owl was seen in the natural and historical parks “Izmailovo” and “Kuzminki-Lyublino”. A long-eared owl was encountered in the Zelenogradsky complex, the Brateevskaya Poima faunal reserve, the Bitsevsky forest and the Moskvoretsky natural-historical park.

Sparrowhawk and Goshawk

The goshawk is one of the largest avian predators. He is almost twice the size of a crow. In adult birds, the upper body is dark gray, the lower is light gray. Light eyebrows are clearly visible above the eyes. In Moscow, they lead a sedentary lifestyle. The goshawk is listed in the Red Book of the city, it is assigned the fifth rarity category.

The sparrowhawk is a small predator, smaller in size than a crow. The physique is light and slender. The capital is sedentary. Pairs keep in a permanent nesting area, using the same nests for several years. They are located in the crowns of trees. This species has the third category of rarity.

Goshawks are observed in all large forest parks of the capital. So, they can be seen in the natural and historical parks “Tsaritsyno”, “Moskvoretsky”, “Kuzminki-Lyublino”, “Bitsevsky forest”, on the territory of the nature reserve “Valley of the Setun River” and in the landscape reserve “Butovsky”. A sparrowhawk was noted in the Zelenogradsky complex, Serebryany Bor, on the territory of the Altufevsky complex, in the natural and historical parks Kosinsky, Izmailovo, Tsaritsyno, Kuzminki-Lyublino, Bitsevsky forest, and also in the landscape reserve “Butovsky”.

Long-tailed tit

Long-tailed tits (opolovniki) are included in the Red Book of Moscow under the third category. This small bird got its name from its very long tail. The second name was given to her in honor of the cutlery, since the shape of the bird’s body is very similar to it. The color of the head, neck and abdomen of the bird is white, the back and wings are black with pink and brown streaks, and the tail and sides are pale pink.

Long-tailed tit was spotted on the territory of the Setun River Valley nature reserve, in the Zelenogradsky complex nature reserve, the Kuskovo forest park, the Skhodnya River Valley landscape reserve in Kurkino, the Dolgie Prudy fauna reserve, the Severny nature reserve, the Severny landscape reserve Butovsky, as well as in the natural and historical parks Izmailovo, Kuzminki-Lyublino, Moskvoretsky, Bitsevsky Les and Tsaritsyno.

In Moscow, during regular counts, Mospriroda specialists record cases of meetings with all inhabitants of natural areas, but pay special attention to observations of the Red Data Book animals.

EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.

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