MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
Movement along the Moscow Central Diameters was launched exactly two years ago, and during this time they have become in demand among residents of the capital and the Moscow region. They are chosen not only for movement between the region and the city, but also for trips within Moscow, using them as an alternative to other public and private transport.
For two years now, passengers have been using Moscow central diameters(MCD) – a new surface metro, which creates a seamless space in the Moscow agglomeration. During this time, comfortable trains have transported 309 million people, which is more than double the population of Russia.
November 2019 traffic has openedfor the first two diameters – MCD-1 and MCD-2. The first through the central part of the capital connects Odintsovo and Lobnya, the second – Nakhabino and Podolsk. By 2025, there are plans to launch traffic on all five routes, which will cover the railway directions around Moscow.
“MCD is a project that made it possible to rethink the functioning of suburban railway transport in Moscow and the region. The surface metro lines have created completely different opportunities for millions of people and the Moscow agglomeration as a whole. The overall growth in passenger traffic, an increase in the number of short trips within the city, a reduction in travel costs, unloading of highways and metro, a powerful impetus for the development of once forgotten and unattractive territories allow us to say that we are moving in the right direction. And we will continue to develop the existing diameters and bring the launch of the next ones closer, ”says the Deputy Mayor of Moscow for Transport
Read the mos.ru article to find out what has changed in the two years of operation of the first Moscow Central Diameters and why people are increasingly choosing this type of transport.
From inconvenient trains to modern surface metro
The launch of traffic along the Moscow Central Diameters became the basis for the creation of a fundamentally new public transport system. Diameters created on the basis of suburban rail routes have become part of the Moscow transport system.
With the beginning of the implementation of this transport megaproject, old commuter trains received a new look, status and functionality. The MCD has advantages that raise passenger traffic in the Moscow region to a new level. These are modern trains, comfortable suburban and city stations, a favorable payment system, a clock mode of movement, as well as integration with other modes of transport – passengers can make quick transfers at metro stations, the Moscow Central Circle (MCC), bus and tram stops.
To achieve this level of passenger service, a great deal of work was done before the launch, which continues to this day.
Despite the scale of the project, the first two diameters were launched in just two years. During this short period by the standards of transport construction, the format of suburban railway communication has changed and began to meet the pace of development of Moscow and the region. If earlier the main task of the railway lines was the transportation of passengers outside the city and to the dacha, now the MCD is also an excellent alternative for short trips within the capital.
It is safe to say that the MCD project has succeeded in transforming the outdated commuter trains into a surface metro, combined with the subway, the MCC and surface transport. Comfortable transport has become more accessible for four million people – they are residents of 45 districts of the capital and seven urban districts near Moscow.
The launch of the MCD, just like the MCC five years ago, has become an impetus for the development of territories around the stations. If earlier these lands were abandoned or unused industrial zones, today investors are actively investing in their development, building business centers and residential areas.
Modern suburban and city stations instead of platforms
Over the two years of operation, MCD-1 and MCD-2 have built or reconstructed 22 stations. Of these, 13 are for the first two diameters, and the rest are for promising routes. All of them are designed to increase the flow of passengers.
The new stations are full-fledged train stations of the European level with passenger terminals, turnstiles, ticket offices, escalators, elevators, toilets, electronic timetable boards, as well as awnings along the entire length of the platforms. The stations are fully adapted for passengers with limited mobility.
In addition, MCD passengers can now benefit from the assistance of the Passenger Mobility Center staff. An application for escort can be submitted through the Moscow Metro application, by phone or on the metro website. Over two years, more than two thousand such requests were received.
This fall, modern ticket machines were installed at eight popular MCD stations, where there is a transfer to the metro, with the help of which you can buy and top up a Troika card – both ordinary and in the form of a ring, key fob, bracelet or other accessories.
Since November 2019, the Setun, Novodachnaya, Dolgoprudnaya and Bakovka stations have been reconstructed at MCD-1, Slavyansky Boulevard has been built, and the Opalikha, Nakhabino and Podolsk stations have been reconstructed at MCD-2, Volokolamskaya, Penyagino, Ostafyevo, Kuryanovo and Shchukinskaya have been built.
In addition, stations are being reconstructed and opened for future diameters. For the promising MCD-3, which will connect Zelenograd and Ramenskoye, Likhobory and Khovrino transport hubs (TPU) are ready, and for MCD-4 – the new Sanino station and the reconstructed Pobeda, Michurinets, Krekshino, Vnukovo, Aprelevka and Kokoshkino … The fourth diameter will become the longest – it will connect Aprelevka and Zheleznodorozhny through the central part of the metropolis, connect seven Moscow railway stations (Kurskiy, Yaroslavskiy, Kazanskiy, Leningradskiy, Savelovskiy, Rizhskiy and Belorusskiy). MCD-4 will have 18 transfer stations with 35 transfer options at metro, MCC and other diameters.
Long and inconvenient transplants are a thing of the past
MCD stations are not only becoming comfortable and modern, but are turning into large transport hubs. This allows passengers to plan convenient routes around the city that save money and time.
This year, on the border of the Shchukino and Pokrovskoe-Streshnevo districts, one of the largest transport interchange hubs was opened – “Shchukinskaya”… It united the new station MCD-2 Shchukinskaya and the station of the same name on the Tagansko-Krasnopresnenskaya metro line; a transfer between them takes only three minutes. In addition, passengers can quickly change to more than 20 tram and bus routes that pass through the TPU. A walkway with a canopy leads from the station of the second diameter to the metro and ground transport stops. Since its opening, the number of Shchukinskaya (MCD-2) passengers has grown by 1.5 times. And in the future, about 70 thousand passengers will use all TPUs every day.
From 21 out of 60 stations MCD-1 and MCD-2, you can change to the metro and MCC. In the future, the total number of stations will grow to 66, and interchange stations – to 27. Over the past two years, passengers of diameters have already made 93 million free transfers to the metro and the MCC.
On weekdays, the surface metro carries more than 570 thousand passengers a day. Thanks to convenient transfers, MCDs are in demand not only for moving from the region to the capital and back, but also for short trips within Moscow. This figure has grown by 86 percent in two years. This suggests that diameters have become a good alternative to other types of urban and personal transport.
Also, the diameters allowed to relieve the adjacent highways by five to nine percent, and the metro lines – up to 12 percent.
Modern trains replace obsolete trains
The previous format of suburban transportation was in many ways inconvenient for passengers who traveled to work in Moscow almost every day and then back home. With the launch of the MCD, their travels have become more convenient, primarily due to the change in the timetable. There was a timetable for the movement of trains – they began to run at a certain interval, during rush hours it is only five to seven minutes.
To make travel to the MCD comfortable, modern trains are needed. During the first year of operation of two diameters, the rolling stock was completely renewed. Today the routes run by Ivolgi and Lastochki, EP2D and double-deck aeroexpress trains – their average age is about three years. It is one of the youngest electric train fleets in Europe.
The main trains of the first two diameters are modern Ivolgi with climate control system, free Wi-Fi and USB chargers, and toilets. Passengers can place their luggage and bicycles in specially designated places. In “Ivolgi” there are no vestibules, there are wide doorways, doors are opened by a button or automatically. The train accelerates quickly, smoothly and quietly. All conditions have been created here for the comfort of passengers with limited mobility.
Paying the fare is profitable and easy
The new transport format also required a new fare collection system. The main task in its development was the integration of diameters into the urban transport network. Therefore, the Troika card was made the basis of the new tariff service.
With the launch of the MCD, passengers who used to use electric trains began to pay less. Free transfers from the MCD to the metro and the MCC have appeared, which makes trips in Moscow up to 50 percent cheaper (and in the region – up to 75 percent).
For example, a regular trip from Podolsk to the center of Moscow with a transfer at the Kursk railway station will cost 190 rubles, and if you follow the same route at the MCD tariff, it will cost only 50 rubles. Thus, passengers of diameters have already saved more than six billion rubles in two years.
You can pay for travel not only with Troika, but also with a bank card right at the turnstiles – such an opportunity appeared this spring… After the passenger makes the trip, the system will automatically select the most favorable fare. The service is becoming more and more popular – this method has already been used 2.3 million times.
Traveling to the MCD can be made even cheaper. From September until the end of this year, the metro, diameters and the MCC operates stock– when paying for travel with a Mir card, you can additionally save up to 20 rubles. The trip is 10 rubles cheaper when paying with a bank card and 20 rubles when paying with a smartphone.
Plans for the coming year
There will be five central diameters in Moscow. The last of them – MCD-5 – is planned to be launched by the end of 2025. When all diameters are completed, the Moscow agglomeration will have a surface metro network of 182 stations, 67 of which will be interchange stations. Work continues not only on future diameters, but also on existing ones.
By the end of 2022, after reconstruction, the Timiryazevskaya station will open at MCD-1. The integration of Okruzhnaya station with the MCC station of the same name (and in the future – with the metro) will be completed at the same diameter within a year, they will be connected by a covered walkway. Also, by the end of 2022, Pechatniki and Maryina Roshcha stations will open at MCD-2, which will become the nucleus of large transport hubs with transfers to the metro and surface transport.
For the future MCD-4, three stations are planned to be completed by the end of this year: Matveevskaya, Aminevskaya and Minskaya, and in 2022 six will be built or reconstructed – Tolstopaltsevo, Meshcherskaya, Peredelkino, Lesnoy Gorodok, Ochakovo, Minskaya (second stage).
In addition, next year it is planned to complete the first stage of construction of the railway to Sheremetyevo airport.
Also, large-scale work continues on the development of old and construction of new track sections for the launch of the third and fourth diameters.
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.