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22 November 2021, 07:02

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Photo by M. Mishin. Press Service of the Mayor and the Moscow Government

In 2021, doctors performed 23 such operations. In 2019, only three such transplants were performed.

The number of unrelated bone marrow transplants has increased sevenfold at the Morozov Children’s Hospital. This became possible thanks to a scientific grant from the Mayor of Moscow, which was allocated to improve the provision of medical care to children with cancer. The grant covers the costs of finding, recruiting, activating an unrelated donor (examination and collection of bone marrow in a hospital) and transportation of the bone marrow.

“Unrelated bone marrow transplants account for 20 percent of the total number of such operations in the Morozov hospital. The importance is that they can significantly increase the patient’s chances of recovery. For example, in cases where the patient has no relatives or relatives have serious contraindications for bone marrow donation. Thanks to a grant from the Mayor of Moscow at the Morozov Hospital, specialists managed to increase the number of bone marrow transplants performed here from unrelated donors sevenfold – from three in 2019 to 23 in 2021. Now, for such operations, there is no need to attract third-party funds at all “, – said

Anastasia Rakova, Deputy Mayor of Moscow for Social Development.

Bone marrow transplantation is a complex method of treating a number of blood diseases, primary immunodeficiencies, hereditary metabolic disorders, neurodegenerative, autoimmune and some oncological diseases. For transplantation, donor bone marrow is delivered to the department from various registries both from Russia and from abroad. For patients with rare variants of histocompatibility antigens, donors have to be sought all over the world, but in most cases they are Russian citizens.

Stem cells that make up the bone marrow can be obtained from donors by surgery from bones and blood. The latter is used more often. Before the start of the procedure, the donor receives a special drug, thanks to which the stem cells are released into the blood. They are then extracted using an apheresis procedure – blood filtration – and counted. The received material is sent to the clinic where the recipient is. Bone marrow donation is voluntary, it is absolutely safe.

The Morozov Hospital has the only city health care department for bone marrow and hematopoietic stem cell transplantation for children. It was opened in 2018, equipped with 10 sterile boxes for patients. Transplantations at the Morozov hospital are funded from the budget of the capital and are carried out for patients with a permanent residence permit in Moscow. Since the beginning of 2021, doctors have already performed 62 bone marrow transplants in children. Since the opening of the department, 163 transplants have been performed here.

EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.

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