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MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –

On November 24 at 12:00 in the Military-Historical Museum of Artillery, Engineers and Signal Corps, the opening of the exhibition “Makarov” and “Stechkin” will take place. Legendary pistols. On the occasion of the 70th anniversary of adoption. “

The Makarov pistol (PM) has become a symbol of an entire era and has incorporated all the best achievements in the field of pistol technology. Its creator, Nikolai Fedorovich Makarov, managed to design a pistol with a wide range of possible applications. “Makarov” was used as a status weapon for a Soviet officer, as a weapon for law enforcement officers, and as a weapon for special units, and could also be used as a concealed carry weapon.

The designer himself explained his success in creating the PM by the colossal work that was invested in its development. Makarov worked every day, practically without days off, sometimes he worked from 8 am to 2–3 am. As a result, he was able to modify and shoot 2-3 times more samples than his competitors. But in the competition for the creation of a new army pistol, which took place in 1947-1948, such leading gunsmiths as F.V. Tokarev, S.G. Simonov, S.A. Korovin, P.V. Voevodin, I.I. Cancers. Nevertheless, the pistol developed by the then young designer Nikolai Makarov was recognized as the best. In 1951, his invention was put into service.

In the world, the Makarov pistol is often called the Russian Walter, some unreasonably believe that the domestic sample was copied from the German model. The general arrangement of the PM is, indeed, similar to the Walter PP pistol. However, the only thing that was borrowed from her was the principle of disassembly. Makarov significantly improved the basic system of “Walter” in several directions: simplification of both the design itself and the handling of the pistol, its maintenance; multifunctionality of parts; increasing the reliability of work in extreme operating conditions; increasing the strength of parts and service life; increasing manufacturability and rates of mass production. The trigger mechanism was completely different. The pistol was convenient and simple, for which it is deservedly also called “Kalashnikov” among pistols.

Since the beginning of mass production in the country, a huge number of PM modifications have been created – combat, sports, service, civil, as well as gas pistols. At the same time, the Makarov pistol was produced not only in the Soviet Union, but also abroad. For example, in the GDR it was called Pistole M. PM was also produced in China, Czech Republic, Bulgaria, Yugoslavia.

“Makarov” is still in steady demand on the market, including in the United States, where, due to its low cost, with quite acceptable reliability and small dimensions, it is used as a self-defense weapon.

In Finland, the PM is one of the four models that must be mastered in practical shooting courses (the other three are Glock 17, Beretta 92F and CZ-85).

In addition, the PM pistol was included in every stowage of the cosmonaut’s property and equipment on the Vostok spacecraft, that is, it was he who became the first small arms that went into space.

Another pistol that conquered the whole world was created by another Soviet designer – Igor Yakovlevich Stechkin.

According to official data, his brainchild appeared within the walls of the Tula Central Design Bureau 14, where the designer came to work after graduating from the institute in 1948. However, there is another story. They say that Stechkin, while still a student at the Tula Mechanical Institute, prepared drawings for his thesis on the topic “Self-loading pistol of 7.62 mm caliber”, and, in addition, made a prototype. While defending his diploma, the young gunsmith heard a critical remark from one of the teachers that his pistol would not even fire. Then Stechkin took out of his pocket one of the models of the pistol, which he prudently took with him, and fired at the ceiling. As a result, he received an “Excellent” mark on the defense of his graduation project. After the approval of the created sample, the young genius was tasked with remaking it for a 9-mm caliber with the possibility of single and automatic firing. Already in 1951, after successful tests, a new pistol (APS) was adopted by the Soviet army.

It is worth noting that the Stechkin pistol has a unique design, which until now has not been used by any foreign manufacturer. This is a one-of-a-kind pistol, in the magazine of which the arrangement of 20 rounds is not strictly horizontal, as in any others, but in a checkerboard pattern.

Initially, “Stechkin” was intended for the crews of tanks and other armored vehicles, gun crews, the first numbers of heavy machine guns and grenade launchers, seamen officers, as well as officers of the border KGB. The weapon was used for so-called personal protection. It proved to be excellent in combat conditions, and, unfortunately, it turned out to be inconvenient during normal civilian service. This led to the fact that in 1959 Stechkin was already discontinued.

However, despite the fact that this happened more than half a century ago, and the pistol itself was mass-produced for only 9 years, many structures still use it. Currently, the silent version of the Stechkin (APB) is in service with special forces.

You can find conflicting reviews about APS both in our country and abroad. However, due to its unique characteristics and unpretentiousness, the Stechkin pistol has long and successfully been used in different parts of the world. In particular, it was the weapon of the legendary revolutionary Che Guevara.

The APS was replaced by the automatic Pernach created by Stechkin, which surpasses its predecessor in many respects. The designer has developed a pistol “Dart”, which allows you to shoot single shots and bursts of 3, as well as many well-known modifications of small arms used today. According to some experts I.Ya. Stechkin made such a contribution to domestic armament that it is impossible to measure either material or spiritual concepts, and not a single generation of designers will use his developments.

At the new exhibition it will be possible to get acquainted with the biographies of the legendary designers N.V. Makarov and I. Ya. Stechkin, to see their portraits and photographs, documents, prototypes and experimental samples of weapons they created, pistols put into service, their modifications, cartridges for them, etc. Of great interest are pistols designed by Baryshev, Klimov and Lobanov, Sevryugin, Korovin, Simonov, Rakov, Voevodin, who participated in the competition to create a new compact pistol for the senior command staff of the Soviet Army, which was held in 1947-1948. (according to the results of this competition, the famous Makarov pistol won), as well as a pistol designed by Voevodin, who participated in the competition for an automatic pistol together with Stechkin.

Of the memorial items, the charred Makarov pistol, which belonged to the pilot-cosmonaut V.M. Komarov, who was with him during the tragic flight into space on April 24, 1967 and found at the site of the death of an astronaut as a result of an unsuccessful landing. Also worth noting is the Makarov pistol, which belonged to the Marshal of the Soviet Union, pilot-cosmonaut A.A. Grechko, a Makarov pistol that belonged to General Mirzoyan, cardboard templates of cartridges and parts of automatic weapons, made personally by I. Ya. Stechkin.

Among the exhibits are uniforms and equipment of military personnel, as well as employees of some special services, who were armed with Makarov and Stechkin pistols.

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EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and / or sentence structure not be perfect.

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