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Deputy Prime Minister Dmitry Chernyshenko took part in a meeting of the Academic Council of the National Research Center “Kurchatov Institute”. The event opened a series of sessions devoted to the discussion of topical problems of the scientific and technological development of Russia. Within the framework of the first, the scientific problems of the development of hydrogen energy were considered.

The meeting was attended by Assistant to the President of Russia Andrei Fursenko, President of the National Research Center “Kurchatov Institute”, Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences Mikhail Kovalchuk and other members of the Academic Council.

In his welcoming speech, Dmitry Chernyshenko recalled that this year in Russia there have been serious changes in the management system of the scientific sphere. The Government Commission for Scientific and Technological Development (STD) was established. Also, on behalf of President Vladimir Putin, spending on science has been consolidated and a new state program in the field of scientific and technological development has been formed.

The Vice Prime Minister added that a number of strategic initiatives for the country’s socio-economic development, approved by the Government and already formed as federal projects, relate to the development of hydrogen energy. For example, within the framework of the Clean Energy Initiative, the serial production of a range of industrial products necessary for the production and use of hydrogen will be ensured, and specialized test sites will be created, including in the Arctic zone.

“The development of hydrogen energy is one of the priority directions of the scientific and technological revolution strategy. Our task is to concentrate support tools for obtaining research and development work, as well as scaling finished products and bringing them to market. About 170 billion rubles are allocated for the sustainable improvement of the environmental friendliness of energy and transport within the framework of the Clean Energy strategy. Some of these funds will be used for research and development. I would like to note that the funds invested by the state should give concrete results. In a fairly short time, we need to master technologies in three main areas of hydrogen energy development – production, storage and transportation, as well as use. For the prompt creation and launch of these technologies on the market, it is important for us to focus on cooperation with international partners, taking into account the need to localize them in Russia, ”said Dmitry Chernyshenko.

The Deputy Prime Minister drew attention to the fact that it is impossible to achieve the set goals in the field of hydrogen energy without attracting the existing scientific and technological potential of the country. New developments in the future will reduce the cost of hydrogen production. And one of the key roles here is played by the Kurchatov Institute, where work in the field of hydrogen energy started back in the 70s of the last century. And now the SIC is one of the main partners of the state in matters related to the implementation of large-scale scientific projects.

Mikhail Kovalchuk, President of the Kurchatov Institute Research Center, noted that the demand for more efficient energy in the world will only grow, primarily in connection with universal digitalization. “Already today, when digitalization has just begun, a third of the world’s energy is used to support networks,” he added.

At the same time, Mikhail Kovalchuk stressed: “Russia needs its own realistic energy strategy, its own energy agenda. We need to create a single power system of the full life cycle: creation, generation, use, storage, transportation and disposal. Hydrogen energy, which can only develop together with nuclear power, should become a part of this system and be focused primarily on solving internal problems of the country’s development. We can use hydrogen to accumulate surplus energy, use it to provide local energy and heat to hard-to-reach points, primarily in the Arctic, and develop hydrogen technologies in metallurgy and the chemical industry. This is what needs to be done today, what is the scientific and technological development of the country ”.

In conclusion, Dmitry Chernyshenko noted that Russia has great potential in the field of hydrogen trade. The goal is to occupy 20% of the international market by 2030. Depending on the rate of development of this segment, the potential volumes of hydrogen export from Russia may reach 200 thousand tons in 2024.

EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.

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