MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
The trains “Moscow-2020” are the most modern in the metropolitan subway. They started shipping last year.
The Moscow metro started the route 85 train “Moscow-2020”, it is already carrying passengers of the Kaluzhsko-Rizhskaya line. This is the most modern model that runs on the Moscow subway – the first such train appeared here last year on the Koltsevaya Line.
Trains “Moscow” and “Moscow-2020” serve seven metro lines, and on the Koltsevaya, Tagansko-Krasnopresnenskaya, Filevskaya and Nekrasovskaya lines, the park consists entirely of them. In October, the Moscow-2020 train entered the Big Circle Line (BCL) for the first time, and 40 more such trains are planned to be delivered to it by the end of the year.
Why “Moscow 2020” is better than others
Moscow-2020 is the most modern train model in the Moscow metro. She is in many ways superior to the rest of the compositions. Among the advantages:
– the through passage is widened to 1.6 meters (this is 57 percent more than that of the “Moscow” model);
– the width of the doorway is also 1.6 meters (this is 15 percent more than that of “Moscow”, and 30 percent more than that of “Oka” and numbered models);
– the doors are fully glazed from the outside, and from the side of the passenger compartment – by 82 percent;
– touch interactive maps are enlarged by 1.4 times;
– new liquid crystal displays located under the ceiling are readable from anywhere in the cabin;
– USB chargers are placed between the seats (no other model has this);
– the lighting in the cabin automatically changes smoothly throughout the day (cold light prevails until 10:00, after which it gradually becomes warmer, so that in the evening passengers feel more comfortable on the way home);
– in the driver’s cab there is an electric shutter on the windshield so that the sun does not dazzle when driving on ground areas, as well as heated chair, control panel, warm footrest, bottle cooler and folding cup holder;
– in each carriage above the ceiling there are two climate control units with a system for cleaning and disinfecting air using ultraviolet radiation (the unit kills 100 percent of viruses and bacteria, and it is absolutely safe for passengers).
Moscow-2020 surpasses foreign counterparts in some respects. For example, the doorway width of this model is up to 25 percent larger than that of Siemens, Alstom, Hyundai and CAF trains. Also, unlike “foreigners”, “Moscow-2020” has smoke detectors and interactive displays for navigation.
The compositions of “Moscow-2020” are recognized by foreign experts. The newest trains have received the Red Dot Award: Product Design 2021 for the best design. The international jury unanimously gave the highest mark in the Trains and Airplanes category.
How new trains are checked
Before starting to transport people, each train is tested according to dozens of parameters, including safety, reliability of work on the line, comfort of passengers and the driver. Experts check everything – from the smooth running of the rails and the length of the braking distance to the quality of windshield cleaning, the level of illumination and vibration in the cabin.
Train testing takes place in three stages:
– check at the manufacturer’s plant, where the train is tested for more than a hundred parameters;
– additional check at the depot;
– test run-in, during which the train must travel 300 kilometers without passengers and comments.
The composition is admitted to the line only if it has passed all the tests without a single failure. If at some stage a defect is found, then it is corrected and after that the tests in the depot are started again.
How did the trains in the metro station change?
Some of the oldest trains that still run on the Moscow metro are the so-called numbered models. They began to be produced back in 1976, and for a long time they were the most massive. Until the summer of 2020, one more “old man” walked along the purple line – the so-called “Jerzy”, now they can still be found at the train parade on the metro’s birthday or on the eve of the New Year.
In the 1990s – early 2000s, Yauza trains began to appear – angular gray cars with a yellow stripe, they carried passengers along the Kakhovskaya and Lyublinsko-Dmitrovskaya lines and did not become widespread.
But the “Rusich” – gray trains with a blue line – were more fortunate. They began to be purchased in 2003, and now there are 721 such cars running on the lines. Since 2012, Oka cars – gray trains with blue and white doors – have started to operate on the routes.
In 2017, the era of Moscow models began. The metro now has modern trains with a through passage, wide doors, places for people with limited mobility, and USB chargers.
Moscow is the world leader in terms of metro car renewal rates. Since 2010, the Moscow metro has received more than 3,600 new cars. The share of modern trains has grown more than five times – up to 67 percent.
From 2020 to 2023, the metro will receive more than 1,300 Moscow-2020 cars. The average train age has already dropped by 7.5 years from 2010 and will decline by another five years by early 2024. Moscow will have the youngest metro train fleet in comparison with the countries of Europe and the USA.
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.