MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
Russia is significantly inferior to the United States and NATO in terms of the number of military facilities in the Arctic and acts exclusively in the interests of ensuring the military security of the state, observing the principles of good-neighborliness and cooperation within the framework of international law and taking steps to restore its positions in the region lost during the collapse of the USSR. This was stated by the Commander of the Northern Fleet, Admiral Alexander Moiseev, within the framework of the strategic session “Security Architecture of the Arctic Region: Ahead of the Challenges of Time” of the XI International Forum “Arctic: Present and Future”.
“Ensuring the country’s security and protecting its territories is a natural aspiration of any sovereign state,” added Admiral Alexander Moiseev.
During his report, the commander of the Northern Fleet noted that the pro-Arctic countries (USA, Canada, Norway, Denmark, Iceland) continue to intensify activities to realize their economic interests in the region, expanding national jurisdiction to additional areas of the continental shelf of the Arctic Ocean.
“At the same time, some countries accuse the Russian Federation of the so-called“ militarization ”of the region, while building up their military potential, which is unacceptable due to the important international significance of the Arctic. Some of them already have a sufficiently developed infrastructure, including dual (civil and military) purposes, continue to improve it and build new facilities, justifying this by the need to respond to the development of the Russian Federation’s military infrastructure in the Arctic, ”said Admiral Alexander Moiseev.
According to the commander of the Northern Fleet, up to 50 military infrastructure facilities of foreign states, such as the USA, Canada, Denmark, Norway and Iceland, are currently located in the Arctic. These countries have 22 airfields, 23 naval bases, basing points, or ports in the region, which are also used for military purposes, as well as four nuclear strike warning radars. Up to 19 thousand personnel are stationed at these facilities on a permanent basis.
“The strengthening of the military presence of the United States and NATO in the Arctic, as well as statements by individual representatives of the military-political leadership and the command of the armed forces of the Alliance countries indicate intentions to prevent the dominance of the Russian Federation in the Arctic by all possible means, including a demonstration of military force,” said Commander Admiral Alexander Moiseev.
He added that the naval forces of the United States and NATO countries continue the practice of carrying out regular single and group campaigns of surface warships in the Barents Sea.
“We are witnessing an increase in the duration of the presence of submarines and surface ships of the US Navy in the Barents and Norwegian Seas,” the commander of the Northern Fleet said.
So, despite the continuing difficult epidemiological situation in 2021, 20 events of operational and combat training of the national and joint armed forces of the NATO member countries were held in the region.
In addition, over the past three years, there has been a steady increase in the intensity of training and combat activities in the Arctic of the US Air Force’s strategic bomber aviation. If in 2016–2018 the flights of American strategic bombers over the Barents and Norwegian Seas were isolated events, then in 2019–2021 the flights were carried out systematically with an increase in intensity from seven (17 aircraft) in 2019 to 10 (28 aircraft) sorties in 2021 year.
“At the same time, a permanent military presence in the Arctic and the possibility of protecting state interests by means of armed struggle is considered by the leadership of the United States and NATO countries as an integral part of the general policy of ensuring national security. Such actions are provocative in nature and have a negative impact on the regional security system as a whole “- said Admiral Alexander Moiseev, speaking to the participants of the strategic session” Security Architecture of the Arctic Region: Ahead of the Challenges of Time “of the XI International Forum” Arctic: Present and Future “.
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EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and / or sentence structure not be perfect.