MIL OSI Translation. Region: Russian Federation –
Today, Russia remains the recognized leader in the world nuclear energy, while by 2040 the share of nuclear generation in the Russian energy sector will increase to 25%, the Deputy Prime Minister noted.
Deputy Prime Minister Alexander Novak took part in the jubilee conference at the National Research Center “Kurchatov Institute” on the occasion of the 75th anniversary of the launch of the first Soviet nuclear reactor F-1.
1946 was a landmark year for all Soviet and Russian science, the Deputy Prime Minister noted.
“75 years ago, the first nuclear reactor F-1 in Eurasia was launched under the leadership of the great Soviet scientist, one of the founders of atomic nuclear physics in the USSR, Igor Vasilyevich Kurchatov. Today, the Russian nuclear industry reliably and successfully serves not only the energy sector and the introduction of new technologies, but also the country’s security, ”stressed Alexander Novak.
As the Deputy Prime Minister said, the work on the creation of the reactor was carried out in the most difficult military and post-war conditions. In an accelerated mode, it was necessary to ensure geological exploration and production of uranium, create a new metallurgy from scratch, and introduce many new unique technologies. “The launch of the reactor made it possible to solve several problems at once – to ensure the national security of the country, as well as create the basis for scientific progress in energy, medicine, technology and many other areas. In the future, on the basis of F-1, numerous scientific studies were carried out, new modern nuclear technologies were created for various directions, “he noted.
Today Russia remains the recognized leader in the world nuclear power industry. “Russia ranks first in the world in terms of the portfolio of orders for the construction of nuclear power plants: 35 power units in 12 countries are at different stages of implementation. This is 67% of the world market for overseas NPP construction. By 2040, the share of nuclear generation in the Russian energy sector will increase to 25%, ”added Alexander Novak.
He also noted that the development of nuclear energy is acquiring particular importance in the context of decarbonization. At the same time, Russia considers nuclear energy as an important factor in the formation of clean energy.
Alexander Novak recalled that in 2020 the comprehensive program “Development of equipment, technologies and research in the field of atomic energy use in the Russian Federation for the period up to 2024” was approved. The project received additional budgetary funding in the amount of about 24 billion rubles, and it is also planned to allocate funds from the NWF. President Vladimir Putin decided to extend the program until 2030, the Deputy Prime Minister added.
Alexander Novak noted the main directions of the program, which provide, in particular, the creation of a modern experimental bench base for the development of technologies for two-component nuclear power with a closed nuclear fuel cycle, the development of technologies for controlled thermonuclear fusion, innovative plasma technologies, as well as new materials and technologies for promising energy systems. , design and construction of reference power units of nuclear power plants. “The introduction of closed fuel cycle technologies will make the resource base for the development of nuclear energy practically unlimited and will solve the problem of expensive storage of spent nuclear fuel. A separate important and new area is the program for the construction of small nuclear power plants, designed to radically increase the availability of nuclear energy, including in remote settlements. We expect that by 2030 the share of Russia in the world market for low-power NPPs will be 20%, ”the Deputy Prime Minister emphasized.
The Deputy Prime Minister noted that the development of all these areas would be impossible without the education and support of new specialists in the nuclear industry. “Colleagues from the Kurchatov Institute are the best specialists in the industry. I am sure that when professionals of this scale get down to business, any projects are doomed to success, “added Alexander Novak.
EDITOR’S NOTE: This article is a translation. Apologies should the grammar and or sentence structure not be perfect.